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. ä . ҳԡҺ Էҹѵ

. ä
. ҳԡҺ
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ͧطաѺʹյ
[] ¹ мվҤطһзѺ વѹ ͧ͹ҶԳԡɰ ࢵاѵ 駹 ʹյҢͧҹطպǪ ӹѡԡس ҧҷҹط ҹطա ҧ ¹ ҹطաзѵԨ㹷ͧҧ ѹ˹ ҹطդͧѹʡͺҵШҹҧ֧ 件֧ǡ觺ʹԴͧҵ˹ԡسչ ԡسչ鹡觺 ʹԴͧԴ˹ҷҹط蹡ѹ ҹطԴ ˹ѴͧͧԴͧҧ بԢͧҹطչ͹ ҹطը֧ǡѺԡسչ鹴ѧ ͧ˭ԧ ͨҹ ѹ ѡѹʡ ҧͺ ôԴ ԩѹЫѡ ǹҧҡٴبǹ˹ ʹبաǹ˹ͧ Դ ˵ع鹹ҧ֧駤 ǡԡسվٴ ԡسչоĵԾ֧駤 ҧͺ ҴԩѹоĵԾ Ǻͧ͡ ԡسշ·Һ ǡԡسվҡѹ˹ г ⾹й 䩹ҹطը֧ ԡسիѡҔ ǹͧ仺͡ԡط·Һ ôԡؼѡ ҡѹ˹ г ⾹й 䩹 ҹطը֧ԡسիѡҔ ԡҹ鹵˹Ծط »С ҧ Ǩ֧ͧ仡ҺžмվҤçҺ { : ûԮ ѺҨŧóҪԷ : ˹ : }

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. ä . ҳԡҺ ԡҺѧ

çЪʧѭѵԡҺ
ӴѺ мվҤѺЪʧͧ繵˵ ç ͺҹط ط Һ ԡسիѡ ԧ͔ طշѺ ԧ оطҢҔ оطͧç ط ҧ ҵԢͧҵԔ طշŵͺ ҵ оطҢҔ мվҤç˹ ¼ҵ ʢͧ˭ԧҵ ͹- ԡسռҵѡ áзҧ ѧ ͷӤ觢 ϔ Ǩ֧Ѻԡط¡ԡҺʴѧ
кѭѵ
[] ԡԡسռҵѡ غ ͧҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ
ͧطաѺʹյ
ԡҺѧ
[] ... мվҤ ... ԡ ͸Ժ ԡ 繼 мվҤ çʧ ԡ 㹤¹ ҵ 褹ͧѹҧôͷҧԴ ʹ紪Ǥ- ԧö : ڶ ͹ ڨڵǵڶ óǵڶ ö繻ѵ ͵ѵ (ڶ ǹڵ , ǹڵ ͵ - . ա /-/ ͹ ԡسչ ) 紪Ǥ ǧʡŷ׺Եѹ Ѻԡآ ͪ鹾 鹻 Ъ鹷Ǵ ѺѺҡԡŧա ͪ١ ҹ ЪŹ 紪Ǥ (.. /-/-) { : ûԮ ѺҨŧóҪԷ : ˹ : }

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. ä . ҳԡҺ ԡҺѧ

ԡس ҵؤػʧ ҷ§ ҷ§ ԡ ѡ ͧҺѵԷء ÷ԡسիѡ繹Ѥ ԡ ͧҺѵԷء ÷ԡس繹Ѥ ԡ غ ͧҺѵԷء ԡس͵ءغ§ 繹Ѥ 繢ͧӵͧʧ 褳ؤ ԡط ԡؾ֧Ш÷繹Ѥҧ
ԸШ÷繹Ѥ
ʧ
ԡٻ鹾֧ʧ صʧ§Ңҧ˹ Һԡ 觡觻й ҧ ҹԭ Ҽ׹ мԡسռҵѡ 繹Ѥ мШü׹ʧ Ǿ֧ʴҺѵ ԡؼҴö֧ѺҺѵ ֧׹÷­ѵԡҨ ҹԭ ʧ쨧ѧҾ ü׹ͧԡت͹繹Ѥ ʧ ʧѹǡ֧ü׹ԡت͹
ԡٻ鹾֧ԡٻ صʧ§Ңҧ˹ Һ ԡؼ 觡觻й ҧ ҹԭ ׹мԡسռҵѡ 繹Ѥ мШҼ׹ ҹ” Ǿ֧ʴҺѵ { : ûԮ ѺҨŧóҪԷ : ˹ : }

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. ä . ҳԡҺ Ҫ

ԡؼҴö֧ѺҺѵ ֧׹÷¡ ҹ ¨ѧҾ Ҽ׹ͧԡت͹繹Ѥ ҹ ҷҹ¾ѹǡ֧ü׹ԡت͹
ؤ
ԡٻ鹾֧ԡٻ˹ صʧ§Ңҧ˹ 觡 й ҧ ҹѺ Ҽ׹мԡسռҵ ѡ 繹Ѥ мШü׹ҹ Ǿ֧ʴҺѵ ԡؼѺй鹾֧ѺҺѵǤ׹÷¡ м׹ Ҽ׹ҹ
Ҫ
Ӥѭҵ ءз
[] ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ ѡ ͧ ҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ ѡ ͧ ҺѵԷءѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ ѡ غ ͧ ҺѵԷءѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ ѡ غ ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ
Ӥѭҵ ءз
ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ ͧҺѵ Ѥ»ҨԵ { : ûԮ ѺҨŧóҪԷ : ˹ : }

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. ä . ҳԡҺ Ҫ

ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ غ ͧ ҺѵԷءѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ ѡ ͧ ҺѵԷءѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ غ ѡ ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ
Ӥѭҵ ءз
ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ غ ͧҺѵ Ѥ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ غ ѡ ͧ ҺѵԷءѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ غ ͧ ҺѵԷءѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭҵ غ ѡ ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵԹѤ»ҨԵ ԡسշҵ ԡ ԡسշҵ ԡӤѭ繭ҵ
ء
ԡԡسѡҢͧԡٻ ͧҺѵԷء ԡԡسѡһٹмһٹ͹ ͧҺѵԷء ԡԡسռػʧѡ ͧҺѵԷء ԡسշ繭ҵ ԡӤѭҵ ͧҺѵԷء { : ûԮ ѺҨŧóҪԷ : ˹ : }

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. ä . ҳԡҺ ͹һѵ

ԡسշ繭ҵ ԡ ͧҺѵԷء ԡسշ繭ҵ ԡӤѭ繭ҵ ͧҺѵ
͹һѵ
ԡص仹ͧҺѵ [] . ԡؼҢͧ÷ԡسռ繭ҵԫѡͧ ԡس ¼ҵԤª . ԡ ԡسҵԫѡͧ . ԡѡ÷ѧ . ԡԡسռҵѡԢҧ ͡ҡ . ԡԡҹѡ . ԡѡ . ԡԡŨԵ . ԡص鹺ѭѵ
ҳԡҺ
{ : ûԮ ѺҨŧóҪԷ : ˹ : }


ͤûԮѺҨ ˹ҷ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/m_siri.php?B=2&siri=4 ҹºûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/v.php?B=2&A=553&Z=751 ֡öҹ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=2&i=42 ֡ҾûԯѺҺ ѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/pali_item_s.php?book=2&item=42&items=4 ֡ҾûԯѺҺ ѡѹ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/roman_item_s.php?book=2&item=42&items=4 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_mcu2 ҹºѺѧ Compare with English Translation :- https://suttacentral.net/en/pi-tv-bu-vb-np4


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