͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڨ.)

                       . ਵصڵdzڳ
      []  صڵ ਵصڵ. ڶ ػڵ - 
,   Ԥ dzڳ ҳ õڶ ػڻڹ - ,
 ػڵ ʧڢ . ʹʹ ๵ڶ ͹µ, -    صڵ.
áڵ  ʡҹ Ԥ. ࡹ ó¹ҵ  ͭ
ó¹,   ڸʹһ ʷڸ ǵڵ ص ͡
˶ҵ ҳ,  ʭڨ  ԡ ڨ ԡڢ
ʷڸ  ڵ, طڸڻ ԡڢ  Ҥڵ Թڹ
"ʹһ ŧڡ" ʹ Ե ԡ ͷ.  ڳ ˵
آʹ بک. "í  ʹһ ʷڸ ǵڵ ص
͡ڻ һ" . Ҫ -  Եڶҵ ǯگԡ
@ԧö:  .. Եʷ  ʵ        . ػڵ          .. ʹڹ
@ . ͷԵ                  . Ҫ 
ڳ  ԡڢ .   ͡ ʻڻԨү Ե, 
 ˨ڨ Թڹ,  ͻ๵ ͭ ໵ ԡڢ .
      ʵڶ ڵԨ دһڶ "ʻڻԨү Թڹڨ 
Թ൵ھ" .   ԡ ڳ Ե  
໵ "  ǵڵ ص ʷڸ ʹһ ʹ, 
͵  Թڵ, ʻڻԨүԻڨ  Թյ - . 
"  Թڵ, ͹   ǵڵҹҹ ˵ ͵"
͹ԨڨҷԻصڵ   ͤ. ԡ ǵڵ س
໵ ҷ ͷ. Ҫ ԡ ໵ "ʹһ ҡ
͹ڵ Թڹ - ͵ڶ ڶ" بک. ڶ յ.   Ǩ๹ 
Է  Իڻ  ػڻ,  "ٻ 
ʡá  Ե Ҥ ¡ ԹԹ"  
  ү  êڪ  Եڵҷ  ڶ ڶ
ԨԵ ÷. ͵ - Ԩڨ . Է ʹڸ صڵ "ࡹ
ó¹". զ ¹ڵ զ  ڸʹһ
Ҥ "͵  ҵ ʡ ԡڡ೹ ҵ" í
ʹһԯ .  ʹڸµ صڵ. ˨ڨҪҹǹҵ ˵
Ҫҹǹ, óյ Թڷ  Ҥ ǵ൹  ԨԵڵ
˵ š¹ҵ ͵. ҷԡҹյ    íڪҹ -
ҷҹյ  Ǩ. Ͷ ҷԡҹյ ҷҹ - ͻڻʷڷҹյ
ʷڷҹ. ͻڻԤҹյ Ե Ԥʹ Եҹ. Ԫҵҹյ
Ԥҵҹ. ¡ҹյ ҹ ʡҹبکԡҹ,
ڵ ൹ڵҹ ͹ٻҹյ ͵. ҹػڻҹյ
¹ҹ ͡ ͹بکԡҹ. µڶ ط ¹ڵ  ൹ ڶ 
@ԧö:  .. Թյ         . Եڵ         .. ͵
@ . ҷҹ             ., . ʹҹ
ػԵؾ, ҷ  ػԵؾ,  ҷ ط ¹ڵ
ڶ ͵.
      ͵ڶ Ҫҵ ڱ ʹһ "Ҫ ǹڵ µ"
ҹҵ,    Ҫ " " , ͷڸ¹൹ ҨԡڢԵ
صڵڵ û વ  ʹҹ  õ. 
.  յ ԹԤ ڸ ڸ໵ ๹
ʷڸ .
      [] õ ڸد ʹڸ. Թڷڵ آ. ءڡԵҵ
ءڡԵʷڷ . ͤڤ̹ڵ ү. յ ͤڤࢹ ʡ
حڨԡکԷڷ յ صڵ ˵.   ͵ػ ,
͵˯ զҵԡ ௹ڵ.  ௵  Էڷ ௵ھ, Է
⡯ǵڵڵ ໹ڵ Ƿڵ. ҵ ԡڢ صڵ.
ڤڨ سʭڨҵ ʹڵ,
             ժس           ڤ ڵڨػ˹
              Ҫ ҹ    Ե Ԩکڵ
      Ҥҹ  ڨ Ҫظڱҹ ͷ.   ͷյ.
͵Ԥ ھطڸ ʹڵԡ طڸʹ ڵ  صڵڵ , ͡
ػʧڡԵ ͵ڵ بʹ  ҵ. ڨ  Ҫظ
ǵڵ  ǵڵҵ ǵڵھ  ˵, ʾ  ǵڵڵ. Ե
   ͷ. µյ  õ Ԥڤ˵.  
͸Իڻ "ؾྻ  Ҫ ೹ ⤵ ʷڸ ءڡڳڵ
൵  ҵ ʷڸ ǵڵ ص , ԷҹԻ
ءڡڳڵ ൵ء, ڨ    ʵ".  ⡻ʹ
͵.
        ùڵ   د  , õٵ 
˵ڶ .  "   ڻ⡯ ҹ 
 ˵ڶ ó "   ǯ.   
 ๹ ǯ,  "  ù" ǵڵ ǯگ. 
Եҵ ڸد Ե.   ԯ  ڨ
Ҫظڱҹ ˵ ڸ ڵ Աٱ -  "ڵ
 ".  Ե  ⵵. Ե  بک,   
,  Ե  յ. " " ڻԨک.
 í ͡ ʭڨ ԭڨ ͡  Ԩԡ Եڶ ໵ "
Ҫ ൹ ͵ڶ,  Ҥک" ǵ Աٱ ڵ ໵
 ˵ ǵڶ .
      [] µ ڨڢҳʧڢҵ  ͹ع ͹ҹ,
͹ؾطڸյ ͵. Էҹ ¹ ¹ "ھط "ҷ
˵,  ʵ Ը  ൵ҷ. ڶ һҳ⡯ԡڵ ⳵
Ե,  ҷ - ͹ Ե, ó» ùڵ,   յԡڡڵյ
صڵ ˵. "ͻҳ⡯ԡ"Ի , Ҫǻ¹ڵڵ - ͵. ¶ ͡
Ե˵ ͵ԡڡڵ ҳ⡯ԡ -  ùڵ,  ǹڵ ͵.
   ൵ طڸؾطڸ ҡڢҵ ػԻڹ
 ͵  ˵,      ǵ  ˵յ ໵.
  ʾھڶ.
      []    ڢ ڸ൵ ڢ ;ڸ .
ͻҷԡ   ع šԨڨ  ˵,   ڢ  ڸ
. ҷԡ  عڻع šԨڨ ˵,   ڢ ڸ
.   ͻҷԡ,  . ڸء ⹵  -
@ԧö:  .. ԯٯ       .,. ҳ⡯ Եҷ
@ .. ҪԵ¹ڵڵ      . .  ҳ⡯ԡ
@ . ڸءä⹵ ä
ҡ  ҵ ٻ ˹ڵյ Ƿڵ. ùڵ ʡڢ. ؾྐྵһùڵ
ؾھ ͻ . ڶ  - Գԡ  һڵ Ծھ൹
 ؾ -  ʭڪҹҵ , һڵ ҹ  Իʹ
DZವ ˵ڵ ˹  ؾ ͻ  ʭڪҹҵ .
      [] ൵  ൵عڵ ൵ھصڵ ൵. ໵
 ໵عڵ ๹  ໵ھصڵ ໵ ҹԵ ͸ ҵ.
ھવ  ھવعڵ ï  ھવھصڵ ھવ.
      [] Էڵҳҵ - Է   .  
,  ʷʹڵد. ڵҵ  ʹڵ ڵ ʹڵ
ڵ. ҹҵ  ʹڵ ҹ ʹڵ ҹ. Ե - ҵҵ
Եصڵ ҵ. ⹵ ػԡڢ.
        Ҫ Էڷ ⹡ڡ ͡ڡ  ص Իڪ.
Ͷ   "  " بکԵ "ء "
ص ڵ "¹ ھط, ൹   Ҫ ҷ ˵.
¹ Ҫ, ൹   ʵڶ ҷ ˵,  ". 
 ͵ "Ҫ ػڻ  ҡ ෵,  ͨکԹ.  
  ʡ ҹҹ ʵڶ ҷ ҵع" Ҫҹ ҷ 
Իڪ.  ʹڸ  Ҫ .
      [] ڡյ ڸد ԡڢԵ ¹ Եҹ ,
 ڶ ͷ ڸïҹ , ڶһ ͭ ͷ  Եڶ
بک.  ʾھ صڵ Ҩԡڢ. Ҫ " Էҹ  ͡ࡹ ڶ
ڵھ, Ҫ ڵ Ҥ¹ ʷڸ Ҥڵ  êڪ
" Ҫ ک ͹ڵ Ҫڵ حڪ,
طڨ .  آŻԡ   һԳ  Ҫ
@ԧö:  .. -ʷ  ʵ            . ؾྐྵ
@ .,. Էڵҳҵ             . ԡ
һس⵻ ԡ   һس. "ͪڪ  Ե 
 Ҥ " Թ  Իڪ.  õڵ
دҹҹ ǵڵ, Ի  ԡڢ.    ڵ
ʡ⡹  Եڶ ͧ ԻڪԵ ǻڨ . 
   " ï - êڪ õ Էҹ  Թ
͹Ҷ ͹Ҷš  Ի   Ҫ"ҷչ
Ƿҹ بڨʷ෹ Ե .  ص í .
Ҫ Ҥڵ  ʭڪҹԵ Ҥó  һù
áԨڨ Ե "Աٱ " ԭڨ໵ - š
ʹڹԻ. ڨ  ԻԵ "  ҡ ҵ 
, ҡ ڵ صڵ , Էҹ  Աٱ  
ڵ ໵ ˵" ʭ.
      ਵҹյ  ԵڵաǨҹ.   õ µڶ  ڶ
Եڵա  ʾھڶ  ˵,  ǵ Եڵա  
 ˵յ  "ਵҹ" . ҷԾ¡ҹյ
ڤ ҷٵҹ, ؾھҤԻڵٵҹյ ͵.  ʾھڶ
صڵҹҵ.
                   ڨٷ ڬԡ¯
                     ਵصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
                          -------------
@ԧö:  .. ê                ..  ໵



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=9&A=6357 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=9&A=6357 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=13&i=559 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=13&A=8789 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=13&A=10362 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=13&A=10362 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_13

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com