͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
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ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش
ûԮ Թ»Ԯ ѧ Ҥ
ѧҷ ԡҺ
ͧзѾźص
[] ¹ мվҤطһзѺ ѹ ѹ ʶҹҪҹ ࢵйҪ 駹 ҹзѾźص ѺԴ 駫觾ѵسѵҧҧ˹ ǡо֧ ҹӴѺ ͹ ҹաó¡Ԩ ÷觢 ͡ó¡Ԩ ҹǡͧѺա [] 駹 ҹзѾźص 㹷ѧѴ ա դ Ե觨ԵԴҧ ѺԴ 駫觾ѵ سѵ ҧҧ˹觫ǡо֧ ӴѺءҧ ͹ աó- *¡Ԩ÷觢 ͡ó¡ԨǡͧѺա Ҥ÷ӡê ˹ʧ ӴѺ ҹзѾźصԴŧ ԩй Ҥ觵ʹ ʹᨡʧ 鹷ҹ͡ҡ ҾмվҤ ֧зѺ 鹶ºѧ ǹҧ˹Һ оطҢ Ҿоط㹷ʧѴ ա ӺŹ դԵ觨ԵԴҧ Ҿоط ѺԴ 駫觾ѵ سѵҧҧ ˹觫ǡо֧ ҾоطӴѺءҧ ͹ Ҿоط աó¡Ԩ÷觢 ͡ó¡ԨҾоطҷǡͧѺա ҾоطҤ÷ӡê˹ʧ оطҢ ҾоطҤԴŧ ԩй ҾоطҤ觵ʹʹᨡʧ Ҿоطһö 觵ʹʹ ᨡʧ оطҢ мվҤ Ѿ 蹹 ͨ觵ʹʹ ᨡʧԴ ҹзѾźصáҺѺʹͧмվҤ ҧ鹾оطҢ
ԡؼ觵ʹʹᨡ
[] ӴѺ мվҤçзӸա ˵Ź ˵áԴ Ѻ觡ԡط ١ԡط 蹹 ʧ쨧 Ѿźص繼觵ʹʹᨡ
Ը
١ԡط ʧ֧ҧ ͧ鹾֧ѾѺ ԡؼҴö ֧СʧҺ ­ѵԷص¡Ҩ Ҵѧ:-
Ҩ
ҹҢ ʧ쨧ѧҾ Ҥ觾ͧʧ֧ ʧ֧ ҹзѾźص 繼觵ʹʹᨡ 繭ѵ ҹҢ ʧ쨧ѧҾ ʧԷҹзѾźص 繼觵ʹʹᨡ ԷҹзѾźص 繼觵ʹʹᨡ ͺ ҹ ҹ鹾֧繼 ͺҹ ҹ鹾֧ٴ ҹзѾźص ѹʧ繼觵ʹʹᨡ ͺʧ ˵ع鹨֧ Ҿҷçҧ. [] ҹзѾźص ѹʧ觵ʹʹ 繾ǡ Ѻԡؼ͡ѹ ԡ繼çٵ ҹ觵 ʹʹԡҹ˹ »ʧҾǡͨѡѡٵáѹ ԡ 繼çԹ ҹ觵ʹʹԡҹ˹ »ʧ ǡͨѡԹԨ¾Թ¡ѹ ԡ繼çԸ ҹ觵ʹʹ ԡҹ˹ »ʧ ǡͨѡʹҾԸѹ ԡ 繼ҹ ҹ觵ʹʹԡҹ˹ »ʧ ǡͨѡ úǹѹ ԡ㴪ͺǴѨҹ ѧաúاҧҡ ҹ觵ʹ- *ʹԡҹ˹觴 ʧ ҹҹѡ¤Թ ԡ ҤӤ׹ ҹҨصҹ⪡Գ 觵ʹʹ Ѻԡҹʧҧ鹹 ԡطҤӤ׹ ʧҾǡҨѡԷԻүͧҹзѾźصôѧ ԡҹ ҷҹзѾźصǾٴҧ ФسҷѾ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡ м ҹзѾźصöԡҹҧ ҹöҨ˹ м 觵 ˹ ԡҹҧ ҾФسҷѾ ͷҹ觵 ʹʹǡм ҤԪٯ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡмѺ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡмҢҧԤ ͷҹ觵 ʹʹǡмѵóҢҧ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡ мѻʳԡյѹ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡм͡ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡм͡ҵԹء ͷҹ觵ʹʹ ǡм͡ҡ⻵ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡм⻷ ͷҹ 觵ʹʹǡмǡѹ ͷҹ觵ʹʹǡм ѷبĤѹ ҹзѾźصè֧Ҩصҹ⪡Գ ͧ ͧʧҧԹ˹ԡҹ ԡҹ鹡ԹѧҹзѾźص ʧҧ ҹзѾźص觵ʹʹѺԡҹ ªᨧ ҧ § 蹿١ ͹ ب » өѹ ºԡʧ ҹ ͡ҹ 觵 Ѻ ѹõ.
ͧо
[] ¹ о 繾кǪ պح ʹʹТͧʧ쪹Դҧ ֧ͷͧ 駹 Ǻҹ㹾йҪͺ ʺҧ ѹҧ ᡧʴ ҧ 觨Ѵا ੾оз ǹо Ҷҧҵ 繪Դ¢ չ繡Ѻ ѧ ͷͧѺҡԳҵ Ƕǡԡؼ çѹͧǡҹúҧѺ çѹͧǡ ҹúҧѺ кҧǡ͡ҧ ǡ ѹ ᡧ Ѻ ǹооٴҧ ǡм Ѻ ҧҵ 繪Դ¢չ繡Ѻ. [] µ ˺ռͺ÷ ѵѹ ʧ 繹Ԩѵ Ҿºصѧ çѹ ¢ء Ѻ ѹ ᡧ ǹ ѵʡ ѵâͧ˺ռͺ ÷ о ͩѹѹ觢 й鹷ҹ˺ ¡óкҧҧ ҷҹзѾźصö֧ӹѡ 鹹ʡ÷ҹ Ѿźصǹ ǹҧ˹ ҹзѾźصѧҹ˺ռ ҷҹ Ҩҭ ԧ¸ա Ƿҹ˺¹ ҹ ѵͨЩѹѹ觹͹ͧҡм ФسҨѴԡٻ˹ Ѻ ҹзѾźصõͺ ҵҨѴСѺ й ҹ˺դ 䩹ԡؼѡѹѵ͹ ͹˭ԧ ҨѴʹе ѧԡؼ ҩѹѵѹ觹 »¢ չ繡Ѻ ˭ԧѺӢͧҹ˺ ҧ Ҥ 駹 оСѹ سҹ ҹѵʡ Ѵѵ͹ҹҳѵԡ˺ǡ 觹ҹ˺վºصҨѡ ѧ ѡ¢ء Ѻ ѹ ᡧ 㨹 ҧ׹ͷͧ鹨ѴѺ о ͧѹʡ ͺҵШԹѧȹͧҳѵԡ ˺ ˭ԧ繾о ѧԹ Ǩ֧ ʹж·е ǡ Ҥ ֧ой֡ ѵèѧ Ҩ֧ҹ ѡе١͹ й˭ԧû¢ չӼѡͧ繡Ѻ件¡Ҹ ҹѹԴ Ҥ . ͧ˭ԧ ǡѹ繾ѺѹԨѵ . ԩѹҺҤ Фس繾ѺѹԨѵ ҹͧ ҹ ˺觴ԩѹ ҨѴʹе ѧԡؼҩѹ ѵѹ觹 »¢ չ繡Ѻ ѧ ѹԴ Ҥ ֧ол֡ҡѹ ҹͧ ҹ˺ ӹѡзѾźص ǡҤ١зѾźص §ӹѡ˺ ͹ Ф㨹 ͷͧٻ鹩ѹѧ㨹֡ 鹡Ѻҡ Գҵ֧ѧ 纺ҵШ ѴҴ¼ѧү¹͡ е Թ ͵ ˹ ٴ.
ͧԡس
[] 駹 ԡسҾож֧ӹѡ Ǥӹ ԩѹ Ҥ ͹ҧҧ оСѡ» ҧ֧ Ҵԩѹ Ҥ 繤駷ͧ 駷ͧ оС ѡ» ҧ֧ա繤駷 ԩѹҤ 駷 оСѡ» ԡسҶ ԩѹԴҧõ;Фس ѡ»¡Ѻԩѹ ʧ? ԡطͧͺ ԧҧ ͧ˭ԧ ǡҶ١зѾźص ´¹ ѧԡ . ԩѹЪҧ Ҥ . ͧ˭ԧ 㨪 ѹомվҤͧзѾźص֡ . ԩѹзҧ ԩѹöЪԸ˹ . Դ ͧ˭ԧ ͨҾмվҤ֧зѺ Ǩ֧Һ ҧ оطҢ Դ ȷ ըѭ ѹ ѴѺ ըѭ ѹ ʶҹ ѴѺç ѹ ١ФسҷѾźصûз¤¹Ӷ١ оطҢ ԡس ѺӢͧо ҵŧҤ ҾмվҤ֧зѺ 鹶ºѧ ׹ âҧ˹觡Һ оطҢ Դ ȷ ըѭ ѹ Ѵ Ѻ ըѭ ѹ ʶҹ ѴѺç ѹ١ Фس Ѿźص з ¹Ӷ١ оطҢ.
Ъʧçͺǹ
[] ӴѺ мվҤѺЪʧ ˵Ź ˵áԴ ǷçͺҹзѾźص ١÷Ѿ ѧ֡ 繼ӡѧҧԡسչ ҹзѾźصáҺ оطҢ ͧçҺ Ҿ- *ط繩ѹ 駷ͧ мվҤçͺҹзѾźص ١÷Ѿ ѧ֡ 繼ӡѧҧԡسչ ҹзѾźصáҺ оطҢ ͧçҺ Ҿоط- *繩ѹ 駷 мվҤçͺҹзѾźص ١÷Ѿ ѧ֡ 繼ӡѧҧԡسչ ҹзѾźصáҺ оطҢ ͧçҺ Ҿоط- *繩ѹ . ١÷Ѿ ѳԵӡ蹹 ͷӡ稧͡ҷ 稧͡ . оطҢ ҾоطԴ ¤ѹѧѡʾع С¶֧͵͹ ӴѺ мվҤѺ觡ԡط ١ԡط ˵ع ǡͨԡس֡ Шͺǹԡҹ Ѻ觴ѧ ͧʴء鹨ҡзѺ Ҿ ѧҡ ԡطԡس֡ ֧о ŧͧԡط ʷ ͷҹ ԡس֡ ҧԴ ǡмͧ դʧҹзѾ- *ص ͹ҡ ֧ҧ ԡط¡ ʷ ǡس⨷ҹзѾźصô¸ ɶ֧Ҫԡ ѹ ԡͧٻҾ ҧ Ѻ ôԡط繼ѡ ѹ դ դѧ¨ ԡ ҧҡѹ ¹ ⾹й 䩹о ֧⨷ҹзѾ- *źصô¸ɶ֧Ҫԡ ѹ ǡҺͤмվҤ
ЪʧçѭѵԡҺ
ӴѺ мվҤѺЪԡʧ ˵Ź ˵áԴ Ƿçͺо ١ԡط ǡ⨷Ѿźص ¸ɶ֧Ҫԡ ѹ ԧ ԡͧٻ鹷Ѻ ԧ оطҢ мվҤطҷç¹ ١ɷ 䩹 ǡ֧ͨ ⨷Ѿźصô¸ɶ֧Ҫԡѹ áзӢͧǡ͹ ͤʢͧѧ ͤ觢ͧ · áзӢͧǡ͹ͤʢͧѧ ͤҧ ͧҧǡ 鹾мվҤç¹о ͹ ѧ 觤繤§ҡ 繤اҡ 繤ѡҡ 繤ѹ ء ¨ҹ ʤس觤繤§ ا ѡ ѹ Ѵ ӨѴ ҡ÷ û ͹ ǷçзӸաҷͧ ͧԡط Ѻ觡ԡط ١ԡط ˵ع ҨѡѭѵԡҺԡط ӹҨª С ͤѺҴʧ ͤҭʧ ؤżҡ ҭԡؼ繷ѡ ͻͧѹѹкѧ Դ㹻Ѩغѹ ͡ӨѴѹѡѧԴ͹Ҥ ͤʢͧѧ ͤ觢ͧ ͤ觾 ѷ Ͷ͵Թ ١ԡط ǡ;֧¡ԡҺʴҧ Ҵѧ:-
кѭѵ
. . ͹ ԡ Ѵ ӨѴ ԡ ¸ɶ֧Ҫԡ ѹ 䩹Ҩѧ ͹ҡ ѹ㴼˹ ҵ ҵ ͸ԡó ͧ ԡѹԧ ѧҷ.
ͧо .
ԡҺѧ
[] ͹ ... ͼ աçҹҧ ժҵ ҧ ժҧ ⤵ҧ ջҧ ոͧҧ ҧ С ѪС 繹ǡС мվҤ ͹ ... ԡ ԡ ö 繼 ԡ ö оĵԡҨѵ ԡ ö ç׹ҷ١ ԡ ԡ »ԭ ԡ ö ԡ ԡ ö 繼ػǴó ԡ ö 繼 ԭ ԡ ö ø ԡ ö 繾ʢ ԡ ö 繾ʢ ԡ ö 繼ѹʧ §ѹػ ­ѵԨص ѹԺ ҹ ôԡҹ ԡطʧ§ѹػ ­ѵԨص ѹԺ ҹй ԡ çʧö ԡ ԡ Ѵ ø ١ 繤 Фø Ф١㨹 Ф㨹 ѹ Թ ѧ¨ ¸ɶ֧Ҫԡ »Ҫԡ ԡҺ ԡҺ ԡҺ˹ ӨѴ ⨷ͧ ⨷ ҡ 䩹Ҩѧ͹ҡ ͹ ҡԡҾ ͹ҡ ͹ҡŢѹ ͹ҡس͵ [] ͢ФǤ˹觷ԡؼ١ ӨѴ ҹ ѹ㴼˹觶ҵ ԡ繼١ӨѴͧ դ ͧ鹡 ҵ ٴ֧ [] ͸ԡó ͸ԡó ҧ ҷҸԡó ͹ҷҸԡó һѵҸԡó ԨҸԡó [] ԡѹԧ ԡءǻԭҳ ҾҾٴ ٴ ٴԧ Ҿ ٴ ѧҷ ʧҹҺѵԹ ѡҺѵ ҹѵ ¡ 褳ҡٻ¡ѹ ؤٻ Щй鹨֧ ¡ ѧҷ ѧҷ 繡âҹ 繪ͧ͢ҺѵԹԡ ˵ع ֧¡ ѧҷ.
Ҫ
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷʷء Ӿٴ
Թ ⨷Թ
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷʷء Ӿٴ
ѧ¨ ⨷ѧ¨
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵ ѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ѧ¨
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
[] ԡؼ⨷ ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ 繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ҹ 繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ
⨷ѧ¨
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ ʧ
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ դʧ觷 ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ 繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ դʧ觷 ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ դʧ觷 ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ ʧ
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧԹ Թ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧԹ Թ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧԹ Թ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ѧ¨ ʧ
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧѧ¨ ѧ¨ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ 繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧѧ¨ ѧ¨ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨Թ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧѧ¨ ѧ¨ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ ⨷
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ ⨷Թ
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ѧ¨ ⨷ѧ¨
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ ⨷
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ ⨷
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵ ѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ѧ¨ ⨷
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡ ص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ѧ¨ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡ ص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ѧ¨ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵ ѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ ⨷
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ ⨷
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ҹ 繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ
⨷ѧ¨ ⨷
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ Ҿ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷʷء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ ҾԹ ҹ 繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ ⨷ҢҾ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ
⨷ ʧ ⨷
[] ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ դʧ觷 ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ҢҾ Թ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷʷء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ դʧ觷 ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿ ѧ¨ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ԡؼѧͧҪԡ դʧ觷 ˹ ֡ ⨷ Ҿ Թ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷Թ ʧ ⨷
ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧԹ Թ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧԹ Թ ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҢҾԹ ҹ繼ͧ Ҫԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷Թ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧԹ Թ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҢҾԹ ѧ¨ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
⨷ѧ¨ ʧ ⨷
ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧѧ¨ ѧ¨ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҢҾѧ¨ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ ó ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧѧ¨ ѧ¨ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҢҾѧ¨ Թ ҹ ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ ԡؼ⨷ѧ¨ ԡصͧҪԡ դʧͧѧ¨ ѧ¨ ǡ˹ ֡ ⨷ ҢҾѧ¨ Թ ҹ繼ͧҪԡ ҹ ҹ¾ҡºص ʶ óҡ ѧ Ѻҹ ѧ ͧҺѵѧҷ ء Ӿٴ.
ҧ
[] 繼ط ⨷դ 繼ط 繼ط ⨷դ 繼ط 繼ط ⨷դ 繼ط 繼ط ⨷դ 繼ط . [] ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ 繼ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨͹ ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵѧҷ ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨͹ ͧҺѵѧҷ ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵԻҨԵ ҷ - @ ҷ ͤӾٴ´ᷧ. ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԻҨԵ ҷ. [] ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹ 繼ط ԡؼ⨷ 繼ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԷء ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ 繼ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵ ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵ ҨԵ ҷ ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԻҨԵ - *ҷ. [] ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ 繼ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷¨д ͧҺѵԷء ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵ ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵ ҨԵ ҷ ԡصͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԻҨԵ ҷ. [] ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ 繼ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵѧҷ ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵѧҷ ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԷء ѺҺѵԻҨԵ ҷ ԡͧҪԡҧҧ˹繼ط ԡؼ⨷ ط ͡ʵ͡͹⨷ ¨д ͧҺѵԻҨԵ ҷ.
͹һѵ
[] ԡب繼ط ԡ⨷դ繼ط ԡب 繼ط ԡ⨷դ繼ط ԡԡŨԵ ԡҷԡԡ ͧҺѵ.
ԡҺ .
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ͤûԮ ÷Ѵ - ˹ҷ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/v.php?B=1&A=17310&Z=17840&pagebreak=0 ѧͤûԮ : [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9] ҹºûԮѺҨ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/m_siri.php?B=1&siri=51 ֡öҹ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=1&i=538 ֡ҾûԯѺҺѡ :- [540-565] http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pali/pali_item_s.php?book=1&item=540&items=26 ҹöҺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=2&A=1609 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman :- [540-565] http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_item_s.php?book=1&item=540&items=26 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=2&A=1609 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_1 ҹºѺѧ Compare with English Translation :- https://suttacentral.net/pli-tv-bu-vb-ss8/en/brahmali

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