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мվҤѹط
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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڤ.)

˹ҷ .

. طʹصڵ ǵҪҹdzڳ [-] صڵ طʹصڵ. ͹- ؾھdzڳ:- ʾھõµ ͵ڶ ͡ ԯڰ dzڳ, ͡ ٻ, ͡ , ͡ ԡ, ͡ Եڡ, ͡ ä, ͡ ʾھõ, ҡ ʾھҡҹ ͹ ؾู - ʯڰ˵ . " ͹ ࡹڵҹ ʹ ǯگ, ʾھ ʯڰ˵, ͹ػؾھը" Ƿڵ. " ࡹڵҹ ʹ ǯگ, ʾھ;ڵ ʯڰ˵, ͹ػؾھը". "͹ ࡹڵҹ ʹ ǯگ, ҡ ʯڰ˵, ͹ ͹ػؾھը". ԡҵ ԡڶ. - ʧڤҵ ͡ - ͵ڵ ˵ඹ ڨ˵ڶ, ൹ ʧڤԡࢻ - ڳ˵ڶҳҵ ͵. Եҵ. ûʹ - ࡡ ҷþ , ࡡ طڷþ , ҷâطڷҹ ͹ڵ - µ. Żڵ ʾھõҹ ҹ ͡ dzڳ¹ڵ ҡ صڵšڢ ǷԵھ, ڳػ - . Żڵ յ˵ڶ ؾู, ԻڻԳڳ - ҡùڵ ࡡ ص Ե. Ǥڤٵ عڷ. êµ íવ . µ - , Ծੵ. - µ ҹ. @ԧö: .,. بڨ ..,. ԡڶ ..,. ڬ @ ..,. ʻԡࢻ, ..,. û ..,. ͹ڵ @ . ڵػ .. ԻڻԳڳ .. µ .. ੵ

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ڨڤԡҵ ҵ Ե ҵԵ ڵ ڨ˧ ڹҤ. ڶ ҵ ¹ ҷ - ͡ . Ե µ. ҵԵ ʾھ ¹ڸ. ҷ. ҷ. Թյҵ ҡڵԶŶóҷ بکԵ. ػڻԵԵҵ ԵǪҹڶ دڰ ԵԵ. - ڹ˵ҵ ҷԵ ੡ , ҷԵ. صڵҵ ͡ڢصڵ. ʳڱҵ ʳڱ. عڻع ҵءʹ Ի. Ԩعڵ - ˵ڶûҷ ˵ - ڨڵ . ڡõdzڳ [] ҵҵ ʹ ʷڸ ⸷ࡹ ҵ. ʶԡҵ ҷԹڹʶڤ. ػԻҷäҵ ҷ ػ حڪԵ ҷ ػ ҵ Ԥ Ե ҹ Ǫڪڵ. Ҫ ʵ ʪڪԵ ҷҹ ⸷ Ե ҵ طڸ صڵʧڤ ͡ - ػ ҷ ŧڡ تԵ Թ ͵ڵ ҹʭڭ - حڭط Ǫڪ - շ. ʾھڡǵڵչ . ʹڵ Ǫڪڵҹ صڵڻûحڭڨصدڰҹ ʧڦүʷ Ҩչطڷŵ Թڷҹ - , ҡ ŧڡ ҹ - Ծھڡõ ҵǵ. طʹһ ҵ. Է Ծھҹصڵڵ Ծھڵ صڵ. ҹڵ . , ҵ ԡ ʹԡ. ʾ ҡ Իùڵ - ʾھҡûԻ. @ԧö: ..,. ҷ .. ء - ..,. ˵ڶ ҷ @ ŵ ..,. Ե ..,. ҹҷ . Ǫહ @ . Թڷҹ .. ŧڡҹ. . ŧڡҹ ..,. Իسڳڵ

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ڶ ڡڨ õԪహ õڨҵ ڡõ. "ʹԡ" صڵ, Թڷ - ˵, ê , طڸԹԷڸڵڵ ҹ è, Է෹ ڷڱŹ ػ ùڵ - ê௹ ԡࢻ ˵. Իջԡࢻ صڵصڵڰ - Ԩ੷Ţ ڵ ص ڭ¹ڵ. ¹ڵ ʾھҡûԻõ. " ù" صڵ, ʵڵõ ڻڹ ˹ڵ, ԡԨ੷Ţҷչ ڵ ص ڭ¹ڵ. ҹ ʾھҡûԻõ. "ԡ" صڵ, ԡһ ҹ õڵطڸԹԷڸ ˵. ʹڸ طڸ- ڱҤԡ - õڵھٹڰ - ǯگԨ੷Ţ ڵ ص ڭ¹ڵ. ʾھҡûԻõ. ڱŻԯڰ ʹڹ ʹڹ ҹ ͹ڵ ͹ ԹڹڱŢ - ҵڤԡ̷ - ˵. Ե ءڹ˵ ڨڤԡ ʷ Ǥڤ ê ˵. ̷ڱ ػ ʵکڵ Եҹ ڵµ Եڵʵ»ù ʵکڵʵԹ ̷ڱ൹ ػԵԻԡࢻ Թڹ Իչ ͹ آҹ ˹ڵ, šڢڸڻҳ سڳڷóһԡ سҹõڵھ- ळڱء¹ڵ ҡʤڤҤ ҹ صڵҡһ @ԧö: ..,. Թڷ ..,. ù ..,. صڵصڵڰ @ ..,. ʭڬҤԡ .. õڵھعگ,. õڵ⾹گ @ ..,. ԷڷڱŢ ..,. ҵ ̷

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ھڵ. ڡõ๹ ʷڸ ҡ ڻǵڵ ճ ڡҹ ͡ ǵڵڵҹ ¹ڵ. ʾھ ʾھҡûԻõ. ๵ ʾھҡûԻ ڵ حڪԵ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ÷ ڭڵ շԵ ǵڵԵ նԨءڡҷ á ҵبਹ ҵԹਹ ǹʳڱڶʹ๹ ҡʻڻʹ ػҹ , ءڢҢڤҹ ҷª ڰ ๹ ù ʵڵҹ ʵҹ ͸һҹ ª ڰ ҹڻطتڪŹ dz೹ ¹ҹ ҡڲڵ , í ڡǵڵ حڭҹ ؤ¹ڵ Ҫҹآ Ҥک. Ͷ ڡõ ʷڷ " , ʷ" ǪڪԵ˷ҹ õڶ šҹҹ ҹ ͭڭ ͭڭ "ʶ ͨک, حڳ ؾ ͡ ؤڤک, ͪ ͵ڵص ؤڤ, ͵ ҪԶع سڳڷԶع ؾھһ¹ - ŧڦ". " , سڳڷ ͡ ؤڤکڵ ԯڰؾھ, Ը ԭڪá - ҡ ؤڤ", Ե - " , Է ҡ ͵ڶڤ, سڳڷ ͹ؾڸ ؤڤکʵ. ͷڸ ๵ ๡õڻ- طتڪ - ͡һ حڭ ҹ ʵ". ʾྻ ͻҷ¹ڵ ͭ " Ż, سڳ, , ҹ, ٻ ڻڵ ͵ڶ, ڡõ๹ ࡹ - Եھ". ǵڵԵһ ڷڱ ڡõ آ ˵. " Է Ծھڵ" ص @ԧö: .., . .., . ԭکá .., . Ե @ .., .....طتڪ .. . ൹

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ǹڵ ǵڵ " ʨ ͭڭ, ҡ Ҫ Եڡǵڵǵ, ʵ Ծھڵ". Ͷ Ҫ, ͭ ʵ, ʾ ڡõ ͹ؤک. ڡõ í ͵ڶ ͵ڵ Ҥ ໵ء ʵڵڢڵ ҡڶ ͹ػԵ, - Ͷ í - ڢԳ ͹ൻ صڵ˻ڪʷ ¶ ڸػڼҷ ࢹ ʡڡ ˵ વ , ͡ڢ˵ ԯڰ. Ե ҵҹԷڷҷ Ե ҹҤõڻتڪ ͹⵻ҷ ҹ - ʹڶ ʭڪҵ Ҫ ˵. Ԫ⹻ Ǩþ - ൹ Ҥڵ ڶ ෵. Ͷ Ҫ ŻյԻڪدڰ ŧڡ ਵ دڰʹ ˻ڪջ ڵ ڡõ "ص " ҷԡ Եڵ - Թڵµ. طʹһ ʾھڵ . ൹ صڵ " í طʹ Ҫ ڡǵڵ". ڶ ˵ Ҫ ڡǵڵյ Եڵǵ ڡǵڵ ˵յ. [] ͡ڤŷǧڤڵ ڡõ ҡ ;ؤڤڵ ǵ Էҹ ǵڵһڶ ҵھ, ʹ Ͷ ҹڷҵ ҷ. ڶ دڰʹҵ Թڹʹ دڰԵ ڡõջҤڵ. dzڳԧڤ ˵ҵ ˵ڶʳڱʷʻ dzڳԧڤ ءڢԻԵ. ͹ Ҫ ط ʷڸ çڤԹ ʹҵ ʾھڡǵڵչ طࡹ ;ءڡԵ "ԪԹҵ ڡõ" Ǩڵ ;ؤڤڵ ڡõ ǵڵ. ǵڵڵá - Ҫ ڡǵڵ ˵. ǵ ڡõ @ԧö: ..,. ͹Ե ..,͹ൻ ..,. ŧڡҹ @ ..,. Ǩ൹ ..,. Թڵ .. ǵڵ, @. ǵڵ

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͹ؾڸ Ҫ ڡǵڵ ҹ ;ؤڤک. Ͷ ڵҷ˵ Ԫ ͹⵪ ҹڻáڨء- Ǩҷʹڹ൹ ԸóڻتڪŹ Եҡڱ൹ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ š¹ ʷڸ ػҪʹһԻٵ» ;ؤڤڵ Ҫҹ ùڵ. Ҫصڵ ʧڤ˳ڶ - ն ໹ڵ "ҵ ҡ í ڡõ Ծھڵ, ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ҹ໹ ڱԵҸԵ - ʹڹԻ". Ҫ⹻ - ڡõʷ ʾھԨڨҹ ڸػڼҷչ ҷ ʹڹԻ, ʻ ʾ ;ؤڤڵ Ҫҹ õ. íڭ ʷڸ ڵء Եڵ ػڻڪ, ҡʤ ˵. ҷªԵڶ ˵. ڶ ͡ʻ ԹڹԹڹ ԯڰǵ ڶ. بԻ Ҫ ڡǵڵ. ڡǵڵԻ ԪڪҸû ҡ کҹ ԹڷԵ ԻڻԳڳõʷ - ˵. طʹһ . ൹ صڵ "͹ Ҫ ط ʷڸ çڤԹ ʹҵ. ڡõ ءڢڤҹ ػ - ҵبਹ ҵԹਹ ڻʹ ǵڵ. ¶ ءڢҹ ػڼŻ ͵ڶԡ, ҹ ࢹ ˵ ʡ⡹ڵ. ¶ Ե " Ҫ, ػҪ, ʹһ" šࢵ ʡ⡹ڵ. ҹҷ һ ¹ Ԩک, ک. ԵڵҷԻڻص ਵڶ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ Ԩڨ ùڵ کڵ. , ʾھԨڨҹ ҡ Ԫڬڵ. ڡǵڵԻ ˵ ڡõ ʹ طڷ ػ - ͯڰªʻڻҳ - ؾھ ک. @ԧö: .., . ʧڤ˵ڶ .., . ڱԵҸԡ .., . Ҫ @ .., . ԻڻԳڳõʷ .., . ػٻ @- .., . ػह ʵڵªڻҳ

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ڶ ԹԾู ҷª, ԡࢻ ڵª ʹڹʡڢ ٻ ٷڻ ب , ػ ڡõ ͡ڢ˵ ԯڰ. Ͷ ൹ ʭڭ೹ Ҫ ͵Ե ¶ب - ҹҷչ ʾھԨڨҹ ù ໵. طʹһ ʾھ . ൹ صڵ " ҹڷ ڡõ ԯڰ, - ڶ Ҫ ط ػک ʷڸ çڤԹ ʹ". ػ ڡǵڵ ڶ Ҫ, " ڡ - Ҥ" صһ š ʹڹԻ൵ طڸʪڪ ˹ڵ. ڡõ ػڻڵڵ ڶ ⡨ - ʵ , ڨڶԡʭڭ Ҫҹ þ ظ ءڢԻԵ . ҹ ڡõ. ڡҹǹ í, ໹ڵ. Թڷ - ҸԻ, بڨ ڡڵ. ʾྻ Ҫ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ êڪҹٻ ˵ Ҫҹ ػ ͹ ͵ڵ Իڻࡹ ҷ٪ - " Ҫ" ҷ Ǩ ֡ûԵ һڪڵ. طʹһ ҡ. ൹ صڵ " ҹڷ õڶ ͹ Ҫ". ڶ Ҥڵ Ҥ. ͡ Ҥ ʨڵ, ڷڵ. ͡ Ҥ ڷڵ, ʨڵ, ҷ Ҥڷ ʨ. Ҥ Ҥڵ صڵ ˵. ص Ҫ ڡǵڵ һ "͵ڵ ͹ ػ໶" Ƿ, @ԧö: .., . ¶ب. ػԻ .., . ԯڰҵ .. èڡ @ .., . .., . Թڷ .., . ùڵ

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һ ͭڭ ͨکԹڷԵ ͭڭ ෵. ͵ڵ Ҫ ͹ٻ ڭ ҳҵԻҵҷչ ػԡڢԵ ¹ ڪع Ǩ๹ - "ʶ ҵ, ҳҵԻ ա ǵڵ ˵" ҷԹ ¹ ʵ " ˹ڵ" ҷԡ ҷ ෵. ط⹻ ͡, ൹ صڵ "Ҫ ط ` ˹ڵ ¶صڵڨ حڪ". ʾྻ í ҷ ˹ڵյ. طڸһ ʾ ˹ڵ, í ʹڵյ. ڱԵ µڵ , - ˹ڵ. ʾ ͹¹ڵ - ǹڵ. ҹڷҵ ҷ. Ͷ ڡõ ؾھչ Թ ҵʹ - ڡǵڵԾŹ ;ؤڤڵ õڶطڷ ͪ⬤˵. ¶ ¶ ͪ⬤˵, ͤڸ Ե Եڵ ҤҪ , ԵڵԻڼ ص ͤڤکҹ طڷ ªڵ ͤڤڵ ͹ط Եڵ ԯڰ. í حڭ ڰءҹ طڷ ԻڻԳڳҹ ҹõҹ Ҥڵ ¹ڵ. Ͷ Ҫ ҹõԻ طڷ ¶ب بکڤҷ ҷµ, ¶ب ҷԹڹõ ڡõ Թǵڵ. Թǵڵ ͤڤ ˵, Ҫ, ͹ ڡõ. ŹԸԪ - ҹ ڡõ, ҹ ൹ ह - ڱ զڵ - ˹ڵ ˹ڵ ùڵ ػک. Ҫ ڡǵڵ õڶطڷ¹ڵ ؾھ- ԪԹԵ ڢԳطڷ¹ڵ ھٷջ વء ڡõ൹ ह ڢԳطڷ ک. ط⹻ ͤ. ൹ @ԧö: ..,. ù ..,. ..,. ͹صڵ @ ..,. ҵ .. ڻ ŹԸԪ, . , . ڻԪ @- ..,. ¤ ڱŻ¹ڵ

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صڵ "Ͷ - ҹڷ ڡõ õڶ طڷ ͪ⬤˵ ڨصڵԵ ڢԳ ǵڵյ. ǵڵҹ ǵڵԸҹ ʹʹڹ ҪҤ ͹ʹԻڻҹ ڢԳطڷͪ⬤˳ طڷ ͤڤک - ҹõҷҹڵ - ʾھ ǷԵھ. ԪԹԵ ªڻҳ ھٷջ ڢԳطڷ⵻ ڨصڵԵ ʵڵªʻڻҳ ҹ - વ ؾ صڵ ڵ طڷ¹ڵ ԪԹԵ کطڷ⵻ صڵԵ ͯڰªʻڻҳ صڵá વ ڵ طڷ¹ڵ Ԫ صڵطڷ⵻ ڨصڵõ. ͵ڵǵ íڭ ڡǵڵԹ ҵùڵ ҸԻڨ ͸Ԥ ˵. ԪԵԪ ͵ڵ êڪڻڵԷʹڶ ʻ طڸ ŧڦԵ ԡԵػڻšطسڱԡǹԨԵ ڵ ҵ ڨʵڨʵԵڵջ ڵ ҷ ࡵ ڡõ ह ¶ҹءڡ ͵ڵ Ҫҹ ڨҤک. Ͷ ڡõ ͹ൻ÷ ػҹ - ص ԯڰ ԯڰ ڡõ Ҫൻ ءڡ ջԡ ԭڨ ó ˵, ڡõ õڵ ͹ڸ Ը. ͹ڸõڶԡ ˹ڵ, ͹ڸ ˵. طʹһ ʾھ . ൹ صڵ "ڢԳطڷ ͪ⬤˵ ٻ ڡõ ҵ". ˵ڶõdzڳ [] ҵٵڡõ ڡǵڵ ڨ ڤ˵ڶԯڰҹ طڸ - Ҥ ໵ - Ԩڷҷ @ԧö: ..,. ʵ - ..,. ͤکҹ õҹ ҷҹڵ @ ..,. ͻҹ ػԻ ..,. ҹ @- ..,. بҤ õ

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ؤ ػڻ໵ ˯ڰ ԨԵڵdzڳԡԳڳ ػ dzڳáҹ ͹ڵùڵ ԵحڭڱԵԵҹ ҹ ʧڢԵ "ٻ ˵ڶõ Ҥ Թ൶" Ƿڵ. ؾ صڵ ҷҹ ҹ ҷ حڭڻڵ Ǫહ շ. Ͷ حڭҹ⨷ ڷڵ ʶ ʡڡ ͹Եء سڱõڵóآڱԵ- طڸʵ ʵڵڻԯ ʳڰԵͧڤڨڤʹڹ ԡԵõڵ- ⻡ڢ Էڸ ¤ ʤ ҨسڳíڪԵ¹ êھ ˵ڶʯ Ҥڵ ԯڰ. ڷڵ Ҥک ʾھԯ Ҥک. ʶ Ҥک ʾھય. - ҤҪ Ԩ Ҥک. - ҤҪ ʨ ͻ, ʾھԯ Ҥکյ ͯڰ صڵ. ڡǵڵǵڵҹ - ڡǵڵչ صڵ Թڵ¹ڵҹ Ҥک. طʹ ڤ˵ڶԯڰҹ Ҥڵ ڤ˵ڶ - ͻ๵ ڶ ͯڰ. ൹ صڵ "ع ҹڷ ҤҪ". ҵٵ ˵ڶõ ˵ڶ⤻ҷ ˯ڰدڰ ह ڵ í ਹڵ. Ҫ Ե Ҥڵ ʹڹԵ "ڷ ǵ ˵ڶҹ, " Թڵ¹ ˵ڶ . Ͷ ูǨک ྵ - õ ʹ Ҫҹ ػʧڡ. - Ҫ Եء ˵. Ͷ Ԫ ͸Իڻ ˵ڶõ dzڳ dzڳŧڡ ŻԨکڹ ػ๹ڵ. Ҫ ͹շ໵ ʵڵõ ʳ ҡʤԹڹԵ ˵. Եڵػڻ ˵ڶԹҤҪ - Ҫ ԹڷԻڻҪ Ť ŧڦ. ڡԡ @ԧö: .. ʵ ..,. Ҥ .. Եڡǵڵǵڵҹ @ ..,. ˵ڶ ..,. ھԵ . ػʧڡ .., ҤҪ

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صڵ ʡҪ. Ե ʻ Ҫ ͹ ҵ ʡŻ ͹Ե Ҫҹ ڨҤک. Էڸԡ ڡǵڵ ˵ڶõ ˵. طʹһ ҷ . ൹ صڵ " í ҵ". õdzڳ [] ҵٵ˵ڶõ ڡǵڵ ڨ ڤʯڰҹ ب õ ŧڡԵ í ҤԹڵڶ ๹ڵ. ҹҹʡڡ ҷԹڹǵ - ҷ آԹ حڭڻڵ õ. Ͷ حڭҹ⨷ Թڸǡ ԪڪŵԹڸ÷ʵˡ õڵ õڵس ڷڻһحڪʷطڸԹԷڸү - ҡ Թڷ dz೹ ʹ ڹҤڵ ҡ - دڰ ໵ حڪʷ - ʳǯگتؤԤ ڹҤڵ حڪ ʧڤ Ҫ Ҥڵ ԯڰ. - طʹ ˵ڶõ Ҥ. ʾھ ˵ڶõ صڵ ǷԵھ. ٻ õ ʹڸ "ع ù" ҷ. õdzڳ [] ҵٵõ í ڡǵڵ ˵ڶ ʡԳ ͹ ڳԡ¹ڵ ԹԤڤ ػطڸ- صڵҡ ҭڨ - ŧڡ յʻ Ҥص سڳڷ Իڼҹ ԻŻھ - õ Ҥک. Ҥ صڵҪ ໵ ػڻ ʯڰ˵ڶڻҳ @ԧö: .., . ҷԹڹžھ ......˵ .., . @ .., . ʵ .., . ԯڰҵ .. ڨ.... @ .., . ǻŻھ

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ҡ ûԵ õڵ ڵ ªڻҳ ͡ õ, ʾ ͡ سؤڤ ʭڪҵ ˵. ʡ ԡ ҳԪ һؤڦҵ Իڻ ڵ ڵ હڵ "" ڭҹ. طʹһ ʾھڵ . ൹ صڵ "ع ҹڷ õ ҵ". Եڶõdzڳ [] ҵٵõ ڡǵڵ آ ʡó Եڶõ ҵǵ. ڷҪ - ͤڤ ๹ڵ, صڵá حڭҹǹ Ҥک. ڻڵ "ع ҹڷ í طʹ Եڶõ ҵ, ٻ ʹ" ҷԹ ¹ Ҥ. ڶ ʳڰҹԻ ͸ԡ ٻҵ ٻ. ҹ - ڢٹ µ, - ͭڭԨڨԡࢻ Եһ ڰھҵ ʹ. ҹ ʹ Եڵ ෵յ ҷԡ. ҵ ҷ˵ڵ صڵ. dzڳ⻡ڢõҵ dzڳعڷõ. ڹҤҵ ໵. ٻ ҵԷզ ҵ. ʹ ҵԡ ҵԶ. ҷԡ ҵԡԡ Ҩ⨷ҵ. dzڳ⻡ڢõ ڹҤ ͵ԡڡڵ - ҹdzڳ ͻڻڵ Ծھdzڳ. ҹ dzڳ Ԩکõ. ҹ ͵Էڻ Ԩکõ. ҷ˵ڶڻҳ ʵ. ҵԷզҷ ؤŹ ڻڵ, صؤŹ Գڻڵ, ؤŹ dzڳڻڵ صڵ. һ Իڵ. ͵ԡڡڵ ҹdzڳڵ Թ ڻڵ صڵ. ŻԨ ڻʻԨ @ԧö: ..,. ..,. .. Գµ, . ճµ ..,. ԡڡڵ

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ҵ ʻڻ ڢԻԵ Ե ʵڵ - ˵ - ŻԨ ڻʻԨ . ൵ í յ سҹ. - ˵ í سˡ յҹ. - ڷ⸵ Ԩڨ ػԵ Թ تҵªԵ Ԩڷ µ. ػڻŤ⸵ ԵԵ آ ԡԵ - ػڻ ͵ ؤ µ. ٻڼʤڸڻڵصڵ ڻڵ ͹ٻ Ҩ ʵ ҵ ҷ صڵ. ڶ Ҫҹ Թڹʹ ͤڤԷڲ دڰҵյ ؾھدڰԹ. Թ ŻڳժҷԡԨڨ - ک Ի շյ کҹԻҵԹ. ҵ Ҩ ֡ ǵյ ֡ûԹ. í һ õ õյ һԹ. í , Ƿյ ҷԹ. Էҹ " Ҩ - طڸ, - ¹" ʵ ҵ ҷ. ڶ ͵Ԩյ - ͵ԡڡԵ , ໵ Ҫҹ ͭڭ Ե൹ వյ - صڵ ˵. ڶ ҷ "ٻ" ҷ ͹ "ؾھدڰԹ" ҷ صڵ, Ԥس. "͵ԡڡڵ ҹdzڳ" ҷ ڡǵڵ حڭ ػ ڡõҵ ڰ ҹǹ Ծھڵҵ ǷԵھ. ٻҷԡһ ڡõҵ ڰ ʾھҡûԻ ҵ. ൹ "ٻ Եڶõ ҵ". ˻õdzڳ [] ҵٵԵڶõ í ڡǵڵ óҹ Ԩڨҹ ¶آ ǵڵڶ ˻õ ҵǵ. @ԧö: - .., . ʵ˵ .., . سҹ ʵ @ .., . յҹ ʵ .., . ԡԵ @ ,., . dz௹ ժҷԡԨڨ - .. طڸ @ . Ҩطڸ .. ͵Ԩյ .. յ

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, . í DZڲ ʯڰԤ˻ ˵. ڡõҹʧڤԵ - Իҡ Ծھڢ ҵǵ, ¹ ͹⵻ ªڵ Ը ʵ, ڻڵ دڰ˷ - ڵ Ҫҹ ๹ õ ʾھҹ óҹ ڻ෵. طʹһ ڻ෵. - ൹ صڵ "ع ҹڷ ٻ ˻õ ҵ". Գ¡õdzڳ [] ҵٵ˻õ í ڡǵڵ ʾھԨڨԸҹڶ Գ¡õ ҵǵ. í યڰص ˵. ڱ µ . í حڭҹ ͵ڵ ҹǹ èԵڵҳ ػڻڪ. ¹ ҷª - Եڵ - í ǵڶ໵ ˵, ʻ ͵ڵ ҹ دڰ˷ Ҫҹ ʾھԨڨҹ๹ õ. طʹ õ. - ൹ صڵ "ع ҹڷ Գ¡õ ҵ". ڶ ໵ھ ໵عڵ ҹڵ ໵ھ ໵ . ԷڸڹҤdzڳ [] ǻҡԹҵ ԻҡԹ. - ˳ҵ - ҵ. ڶ صڵ õ, دڵ ԯڰ, ൹ ǻҡԹ ڹҤ. ع ڵ ڵک ػڻڪ, ǻҡԹ ڹҤ⵵. @ԧö: ..,.....Ե ..,. دڰҹ .. ڻ @- ..,. Ҫ ԵڵҨ ..,. .. . ԻҨ

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ҷ⻡ڢódzڳ [] ⢵ ԭڨ໵ - õҹ , í Եڵػڻ ԹڷԵ յ⻡ڢóҹ Ծھڵ. ҹ ʹڸµ صڵ. Ƿԡյ ͡ ԯڰҹ ¹ ԡڢԵڵ ͡ dzԨ੷¹. ͵յ . ͡ ҵ Ե کڵ Ҫ һ ࡵ ڵ کڵ. ͵ڶ Źڸػڼҹ , ڷ ҵ. Ͷ ͵. ڶ ʾ⾵ءڵ ػڼ ͡ ص ػڼ. "¶ ʾ ص ػڼʵ" Թ. - ûյ ҹdzڳ- ػڻժҷչ - ໵ û, Եڵػڻ ʾھ Ԫڬ. íڭ ûһԵڵ ڭ. ൹ صڵ "û". ڰ Ҫ ҹڻ ŪŪ ŹڸԵ ڢڵ ک. [] Ͷ Ҫ صڵֻ - آڻԵ ҵء "¹ڹٹ ⻡ڢóչ " ҷԹ آԸҹ Թ൵ ʾھ ͡. ڶ عڵ ͭ ؾھ൵, - ͭ سڳҹ વ, ͭ ⻡ڢóյ - ¹ڵ ط , ͭ ǵڶҹ Ԥڤ ͷ . ڶ ⢵ ڶ. Եڶչڨ ҹڨ ͹بک ŧڡ ໵ҹ - Եڶڵ ڶ Ԩʹ ʾھ ԨڨҤʹ ໵ Ҫ ط ҹ ෵, حڪҵ ԭڨ. - @ԧö: ..,. ໵ .. Թ ..,.....ժҷչ @ .. صڵԻ ..,. ؾھ ..,. @ .. . õ ..,.....

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Ҫ ⻡ڢóյ Ҥڵ ҵ ǵڶҹ ǵ൵ ҹҤ Ե ŹڸԨԵڵ ҹڤ ڵ ๡ڻ Ҥڵڪ ͯڰԸ Ԩک, ҷԵ Ե ҹdzڳҹ آҹ ǵڶҹ ʵ ڻڵ ͹Ե ҷҹ ͵ڶ, کڵ. ڶ, ˵ کڵ. ˵ڶҹҷػ շԵ ⶡ ԨԵ ͹ڶԡ , ͵ڶԡ ˵ کڵ. ػ ԻڪԵ ڻڵ ͹Ե ͹ڶԡ , ͵ڶԡ ˵ کڵ. ԵڶԻ ʷڸ ڻڵ ͹Ե ͹ڶԡ , ͵ڶԡ ˵ کڵ. ʵڵԸõҸҹ ีһ ڻڵ ͹Ե ͹ڶԡ , ͵ڶԡ ˵ کڵ. ҹ دڰ دڰ . ھٷջԡҹ ͭڭ ڶ, í ҹ حڪڵ Ԩùڵ. [] Ͷ ˻ԡ Թ " Ҫ ٻ ҹ ෹⵻ - ` ڱҷչ ҷչ ෶' ԭڨ ໵, ҡ `Ҫ - ໵' سԵ ٻ". һ Ե í ػ . "Ͷ ҹڷ ˻ԡ" ҷ. Թعڵ Թ . - ʨ ͻڻ , ʨ . " عڷ , , ˹" ʷⷻ ػڻ, ػڻڪԵڶҵ Թ . [] ҵ . - ҷڵ ҷ ໵ ҳ. - ʡ ˹ - ˵ٵ ԻبکԵ զ ª Ե ͱڲª ʾھõ ˵ٵ صൻ ˵ ڷ - Ǩڵ سԵ, Ͷ - @ԧö: .. ..,. ʷ ʵ ..,. Թ @ ..,. . . ˹ @ ..,. ..,. Ͷ ʷ ʵ

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Ҫҹ ڻԨک໵ . ڶ ڷ ҵ ҹڷҵ ڷ Ե ҹڷ. سԵҵ ڻԨکԵ, ǵҵ ͵. سǹҵ Իڵԡⳡ ʵյ Ԩک سǹ ͸. µ ڷ. [] Ƿԡյ ͵ڶ ͡ Ƿԡ سڶ , ͡ ˯ڰ Ԩ੷ڶ. [] طڷԡ Ե طڷԡ, ڻڵ طڷʵ ͵. ʵյ õ ڷ໵ Ԩڨǹ ԯڰҵ ෵. ػԷี - ؾھԷ, Ԥ ൵ ͵. ǵ ҡ. [] ⢵ ⻡ڢó , ҡ ҹ Թڷҵ õ . Եڵػڻҷ ԹڷԵ ٻ ⻡ڢó . ʾھյ ʾ ԨکԵԨکԵǵڶ, ԡڢ, ԡڢ ʹڵյ. ҳdzڳ ԯڰԵ. -------------- ҹڻڵdzڳ [] Էڸ⡵ Եڵػڻҷ յ⻡ڢóҹ Իڼڵʧڢҵ ˵ Էڸ ڹҤ. ҹǵ ͹Եھҹ ˹ڵ ˵ҹǹ - ڹҤ. ¶շڵ Ի, " Գڳ" ͵. ҹҵ ڻڵԻԨڨҤ. ҵ ǡص - ڭ Ҥ. Ը ͵ڵҹ ൹ ʶ. ʭڭҵ . @ԧö: .., . Էี .., . ҹǹ .. // ǡصڵ,- @.. // ǡصڵ

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⾸ʵڵؾھ¤dzڳ Ը ؾھ ǷԵ:- Ҫ ؾ ˻ԡ Ծھڵ. ൹ ¹ ҹʻطڸ íڭ ʵ, ⾸ʵ ͵ڵ íڭ ԯ ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ ʪڪڰҹڡڰҹҷչ ࡵ بک " ʵ". ػʡҵ ص " ڳ ҵ ǯگ" Թ൵ ͵ڵ ھ ⡯௵ ڳ ෵ Եڵ ڵԡ ڻԵ વ ڰڶ - "ʵ , ʵ" ͡ڵ շ. ͹ⵤ Ҥڵ ڳ Ե ڰڶ շ. ػ⡻ Ҥڵ ǹڷԵ Թ "ء ڳ" بک. ء ڷآ ھԵػڻҵ. ʶ Ըҵ. ػʡҵ. ͸ʹҡù ʵյ Ծڸ ÷ Ҥڵھڵ Ԫҹ໵ "͡ ෶" . ͵ԡڡڵ ػʡ ھԵҵ. ­ڨ ڻ, ­ڨ ͹Ǫڪڵ. ػʡҵ. Ծڸʹڰ ڤ ڤ Ҥ Ԩکڵ, ͹Ҥکڵ تڬڵ. ͭڭ ڵԵڰҹ ڵһ Ե ڵԨڨ ԯڰ໵ھڵ. - ͸. - á - ڶԵ ڨհ ڭ, ͻʹ ԡڢԻ, ҷԡ , ⻡ڢó , ڡ ԡ ͡, Ҥڵ Եڵ Ե ڵԡ ൹ گǵ ԡڢԻ. ⻡ڢó ͵Ե ط ԡ ù ͹ @ԧö: .., . ڰڶó. ػԻ .., . ԯڰ໵ھڵ @- .., . ڳ ү

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ԹԵ گǵ ԡڢԻԵ ͹ǵԻ¹ Żڵ , - Ҩڡ ڰڰҹ Ź ڡ ǵ ԡڢԻԵ ͹ǵԻ¹ Żڵ - . ԯڰ໵ Ԩ Գڱҵ ʸ Ҫ áڱ Իڼԡ ੷ ٨ ڵ¯ڰ ػ˹ طھ ڵ ջš ó ڵ š ǹ á ڭ ھԵҹ ҵ ʾھ ͷ. ⾸ʵ൹ ͷԹڹԡڢ ˵. - ҹ áڢ ʶ ù Ǫ ػڰ. ʹ ˵ڵ ԹԾھ. ⾸ʵ⵻ ǵء حڭ ԾھڵԵ š Ҥک ǵ Ҫҹ ԾھڵԵ ط Ҫ . ҵ˹ڵ حڭ - - Իҡ ˵յ ڵھ Թ. ˹ڵ ê ҡٯҤ. ڶ Եء ص ͤ, ͵ڵǵ Եڡҵ Եڡ ͵ڵǵ ǵڵԵھ, , Է ҹҤ , Է ʷڸ ʹڰҹڵ Ե ٯҤ÷ ԡڢ. - [] ҹڵ ҷ ԳԡԨڨ ڶ. š೹ ͵ ʵ , - յ೹ ͵ ʵ dzڳ, Ե೹ ͵ ʵ õڵ, - ͷҵ೹ ͵ ʵ êڵ ššԵڰ Գ ڭµ. [] ڵˤ൹ҵ ҷ ǵڵھ, ʾھ طڸ صڵ. Ե ڵ ҹҹ, ڵ ͻڻڭ @ԧö: ..,. ໵ ..,. Żڵ ..,. - ..,. @حڭ µ ..,. ǵ ..,. ..,. õڵ

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صڵҹ. һ ʾھһ ͯڰ һڵ ڨ ԭڭ - Ծھ൵ ͹ҷʹ طڷҡ һڵ ʹ ػ ԯڰ ʹ һڵ ໵. յԹҷdzڳ [] ǵҪҹջآҹյ ǵҪҹ ҹ آ ʾھʯڰҵ ͵. ڵõ Եھڵ. [] ʵ ʵҵ Թ. ʷ෹ ءڡڰԵ, " ҹ ʷ گ" - صڵ. ʷ෹ ءڡڰ һ. Ͷ Ҥکڵٵ Ƿ. Էҹ Ҫ ʵյ Ծڸǵڵ ʹڵ, ػԪڪٵ - Ƿ. ڷػʧڡdzڳ [] ͵յ ͵ . í šҷ. ǵ Թ "Ҫ ͹Ҷš õ, յ - ص õ". Ͷ ǯ௵ Եڵ ػڻ . յҹ ǵڶҹյ ҹ í һҹ, յҹ ػҵ . ͵ ԯڰҵ ҹҤ ʷڸ ʹڰҹ ˵, ҹõԹڷڰҹ , - Ը յ. [] ͵յ ʵڵ óʹڹ ͵ èڵ, ൹ í ԻڻʹڹԹڷ , í š յ š ͹Ԩکҹ ڻڵԤس - Ե ԯڰҹҡ յ ԹڵԵ ҹ ҵ ҷ. @ԧö: ..,. ԭڭ ͧ ʡ. // گصڵ ..,. @ ػڻڪԵڶҵ ..,. յ ..,. .. ڻ...

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ڶ ڷ յ ػڻ, յ - . ໡ڢڵ ໡ڢ, , յ ͵. [] յ " - Եڶ ھԵҹ ػá ҹ, Ƿ Ҫ" Ҫҹ "ھ ¹" ڭҹ ص " طҨ" - , Եҵ ط ਡط ͭ ھ - Ե. ֡ó? ໡ڢš ͵ڵ ¡ڢءڡͪ⤳ԡءڡدʡسҷǹ - Ծھڵó . - [] Ͷ ҹڷ ڷ ٹ ڪԵҵ ͡ڵ ڵ ÷Ե ڷԵ ٹ حڪԵ ͵Ǩ. šٻdzڳ [] ˻ ҵ . ʳʯڰԻصڵҷչ ˵ ڻڵ ˵, ʳ ʯڰԻصڵ ͡ ڵҵ ʵҹ ͤڦ. Ե ҷ ڵ صڵҹ صڵ ڵ ڵبک ڵ ˵. [] ൹ ¹ ͪڬյ µڶ , ͡ ˵, صڵյҷ . ҷٯҤػ . ŧڡҷػ ͡ ŧڡ حڪ, صڵҷչ ˹ڵ. Եڶػ ͡ ڨػڰҵ, ڵ ˹ڵ. Էյ ͡ ؤ , ҹ õ Ԩùڵҹ յҸԡҹ ʹڹ ʵҹ ˹ڵ. حڪյ ڶڻ೹ - ⡷ڵ ح, õ Ԩùڵҹ ڵҸԡҹ @ԧö: ..,. õ ..,. .. طҨյ ҷ. @ ..,. ڱ ..,....١ڤҷǹ @ ..,. ˵ ..,. ڻ೹

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ͯڰڹ ʵҹ ˵յ ʵ. ͡Ի ʹڹ ҹ ˵. ͵ҹ - յ ҹ ҷҹ ٯҤҹ ͡ ڳ ʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ ŧڡҹ Իڪڶ Թڹڨ ʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. ˵ڶҹ ҹ öҹ շڶ Թڹհ ʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ ҹ ͡ջʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ ⻡ڢóҹ ͡⻡ڢóչʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ Եڶҹ صڵҹ ˻ҹ Ҫڵš á- ǹáڱ Իڼԡ ੷ ٨ԡحڨԡ ڳó ҷԡ ػ˹ڵ ڵ¯ڰԷҹ ʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ ูҹ ʷҹʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ ǵڶ⡯ҹ ʹػҹ ʹ෹ Ծھڵҹ. յ Իҡҹ ҹ ʹ෹ Ծھڵҹյ ǷԵھҹ. [] طʹ ڻڵ ҷ ڰ Եڶù ඵ ʾھڵ áҹ - Ҥá̹ ʹ ԹԾھҹڨ Ի ҹڷҵ ҷ. ڶ ԻԳҵ Ԫ๹ - Ծھص ͻڳڵԡ . ͹Ԩڨ ҹڷ ʧڢҵ ص ǯహ ͹Ԩڨ. ͵ڵǵ ¶ ʵ˵ڶؾ ڻء ʳ ڸԵ Ե ڻءڢػڼ ҷ ʳ حڨ ͵ ʳ ڸ ๡⡯ʵؾྸ طʹ ڻڵ ڻڵڶ Ե ͹Ԩڨšڢ ҷ ʳ حڨ ͵Գ. ؾ Ҫ զҳҹ ˻ҷ Ҩչ ھůڰԡ صڵ ʪڬ¹ڵҹ ص " @ԧö: .. .., . áҹ .., . Ԫ๹

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ࡹ ͵ڶ صڵ, ͵ڵ ҷԵյڰ ڻڵ ඵ" Թ൹ " ͹Ԩڨ ҹڷ ʧڢ" صڵ " ڨ ڢ ڢ صڵ" ˵ڶ ԭڪԵ ڢԳ˵ඹ ͻ௵ "Ҹ Ҹ" دڰ˷ Ҹء ͷ. ͷڸҵ - طؾھҷ - Ե. ͹ԡҵ ػԹ յҹ ͹Եڵڷ Ե. ԡڢҵ . Էҹ ͭڭ ԡ Ԫڤ ڶ ʻչڵ - ҹڷ Ҥҵ Ƿ. Էڨ ǵ ع , ڡǵڵ ҹ í ھԵ ʵڵ ͹ڵøµ. طʹ š ʵڵ ʵڵõҡ ʵڵõ յ ⻡ڢóҹ ⻡ڢó ڡõڵ ʾھ ͹ڵøյ. ˵ڶҷ ճء ùڵ. ʵ ˵ڶõ ʶ ک. õ ˡ. õ ԻŻھ - ک. Եڶõ ҹ ͹ڵøµ. ˻õ ڢ ҡԡ ˵. Գ¡õ µڵԡ - ʵ. ԷǨ ҵ Է ˭ڨ ͹˭ڨ ʾھ Ǩ. صڵҹڶҵ. طʹصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ. ------------- @ԧö: . ͸ҵ .. طػڼҷ . ʵ @ .., . ǻŻھ .., . µڵ


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=5&A=5807&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=5&A=5807&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=10&i=163 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=10&A=3916 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=10&A=4134 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=10&A=4134 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_10

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