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˹ҷ .

. Ҫڭصڵ [] صڵ Ҫڭصڵ. ͹ػؾھdzڳ:- ҵ Ǩ. á⻵ . á ھԵڵ ǵ "ʻ ʶ, Է Է ҷ ʻ ෶" ص " ʻ". "áʻ" Եڵ. ڰ رڲŻ á بڨ. ͻԨ í ǹԡصڵڵһ á⻵ ʭڪҹ. ؾھ¤ ڰ ǡ:- صڵ طڸ ʯڰԻص . ඡ ǹڵ Եá ͡ ͵ڵ ǡ ҹڵ - ໹ڵ ʵڵ ҹ " ͹Ҥ ͡ طڸ Եá " ڶ حڭҹ ù ʻ ھԵ Ծھ൵ ʡڢ. ԹԾھص ʡڡ ڨ ԡڢ ʳ ڸԵ ھ ͡. · ˵ڵ , ͹ صڶ ͹Ҥ , Ե Ծھ൵ ʡ⡹ڵ Ծھڵ. ͡ طڸڵ ڻڵ ͹ǹڵҹ ڡ Ҫ ԾھڵԵ ءڡҵ Ҫ ص ǹڵ طڷ ھԵ Ҫ طڷ Ҥک ʹ ص ͹ҤԼ . ͡ طڷگ Ŧ ԾھڵԵ Թڹ بҹ ʵ ڻڵ " " Եڵ ػڻ෵ " , ک ʵڶ @ԧö: .. ͵

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ػʧڡԵ بک" ͵ڶ ǵ ⨷ ˵ڵ . Ҫ ͡ ŷԡ بک ػڻ. һ ҵһԵ ҨԵ ھڪ ҹ Ŧ ڵ . ʳڰԵ ͪҹڵ ԡ ี ൹ ͹حڭҵ ԡڢع ھԵ, - Եڵ ԡڢع Ƿڵڵ بک. "" . ʾ بک. ʵڶ ػԵ Ԩک. ǵڶԹչ ҹ Ңڨ ػԡ ໵ ู " ŷ , ھڪ ä" . ʵڶ "ԹԨکԵ ͸ԡó ػԹ" Ҹء ͷ. ԡڢع dzڳھʷ صڵ Ԫ. ˵ Ҫ ʹ . "" ͻ ŧڡԵ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ๵ ھ. Ե í ǹԡصڵڵһ "á" ʭڪҹٵ. ͡ ͹ڸ ùڵ ͵ڶ ǵ ؤڤ໵ " ǹڵ بک" . بکԵ ʪڪ ˵ڵ һس. һ Եáԡҹ ԡڢٹ ͤڤڰ . ʵҵ . صڵù ʵ¹ڵ ʵ صڵ÷. Ҫ⭵ ͹ԵڵҪ. Ҫڭǵڶdzڳ [] ԯڰԤڵ ԯڰ. ¶ ٶ صڵڵ ص ٶҷ ͭڭ ͵ڶ, ԯڰ ԯڰԤ. ԵԻ ڶյ ó ͻԵ ڶյ Ƿ. [] ʭڭ໵յ ʭڭ໵. @ԧö: . ھԵ

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ڷٻdzڳ [] ʻ ڷҵ ù بک Թ " ڷ ػ , ڷʷ ʵ ڭ, ͹ǹ ͭ୹, `ڷ ' , - ` Ե , Եڵڻҳ, Եڵ بڨ' ҷԹ - ʵ, - ๵ Ծవ ʡڢ, Ԩ ". . ؾ ظªҵ . ڶ " ǻص, ǻص " Ҥ. ǵ Ե ҵ صڵڵ ʡŪھٷ ҡ - ˵, ൹ "͵ڶ ǻصڵ ڶ" ʡڡ ǵڵعڵ Թ൵ ҵ . [] ͵ڶ Ҫڭ µ ͵ڶ óڵ بک. ҾҸԡҵ ҤǷʧڢ൹ Ҿู ڹҤ. ءڢԵҵ ءڢڻڵ. ˤҹҵ ͸ڵҹ. ʷڸԡҵ ʷڷ, ʷԡ ʷڸԵھǨҵ ͵. ڨԡҵ ڵ, ڨԡ ڨԵھҵ ͵. ٻdzڳ [] طڷԵҵ ͵ڵҹڨ Եڱڨ ʵ, ڻԨک໵ҵ ͵. ԻڻŻڵҵ "ص յ " ԻڻŻڵ. »ٵ óص. " ó õ, ڶ »" Ƿڵ, " ԡڢ »" @ԧö: ..,. . - ..,. ҷ ʵ. .., . ڶ.

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Ƿٵصڵ Ծ˹ڵ. Ҫ óԡ » ˹ڵ. ٶٻٻdzڳ [] ԡյ Ծھ. - عڪԵڵ ¶ دڰ ڪԵ ˵, ڪԵ ˵. ڪ, ͻ๶ҵ ͵. بյ . بʧڢ⵵ ب⡯ڰ بյ . ؤڤ⸵ س. તب⩵ ԤبکԵھص. ԡŵ Ԧ. ؾھ˵յ - ԡڢڵ ҵ ԡڢڵ ǵڶҹ ǯ௵ ŧڡڱԵҹ ڡǵڵҷչ ҹ ª Եҹ ҹ ʵڵس Ҹ. [] ع ҳҵԻҵҷԻڨҹ ҷ ǵ൹ڵҹ ʹ Ƿ. ǵҹڵ Էڨ Ծھڵ Ҥکڵ, ͹ڵյ Ƿ. ڨڸٻdzڳ [] ڨڸٻ յ ڨ ػڰ. íڭǹڶҹյ íڭԡڤصڵ - íڭҹ ǹʳڱ ǹڶҹ. ڵҹյ ҹ. [] ҳ Ź عڷø. ءڢԡŵ ءڢ ͻహ. ʵյ ؤآ ʵյ ͸Իڻ. Թػdzڳ [] ػԪڭҵ ػԪ¹, Իڡ Ԫʵյ ͵. ػڤ ʵյ ҷԨԡ ʵ. ͹¾ʹڵ @ԧö: .., . , . . .., . ؾھҸյ @ .. íڭڤصڵ

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ҷءڢ. µ آ, ͹, ءڢ. ෵ ʾھ آ ʵ ԡڢԻյ ʹ. Ե ͹ ʹ ͹¾ʹ, ҷءڢڵ ͵. ¹ʵ ͹ػ¹. ͻڡ Իਹڵյ ͻԳ ͢ճ ͹ڵ ػکԹڷڵ. Իҡ Ҥڵյ ػԻҡ Ҥڵ. ʹһԹ໵ صڵ:- Թڷ ó Թڷ - Ե ŭڨ ԡڢ Ծھ - ¶ҵ. - ػԹٻdzڳ [] ؾԹڷԵҵ ڵԡŻ ԹڷԵ. [] ¡ڵ . ԡҵ - ҵԡ. - ԡҵ سԡ. ǹڵ ػԹʹ ԡڢڵ ʹڵ ͻ ʹڵ. Ը ԵڵҨ "ǹ" ˵ . ڶ ʭڭյ. [] ҵ ت, - వҵ ͵ ڶԹڹõ ڸ. Թ ʵ? ǡ ʵڵ ڨڢڸҵ Ƿ, ǹ ٻڢڸڵ ʵ, ڸ ͻڻǵڵ ˹ڵ, ԭڭҳڢ ک. ԯహ ٻڢู ءù Եھ, ء ˵. ڶ ⡨ ⵵ ڶ . ʹڵڵ¤ٻdzڳ [] Ծھصڵ ٻʹڵ൪. [] ͹ػ˨ڨҵ Թʵ. - ˵յ ͷڸ - @ԧö: . ԡڢ . . . // ʧڡԨڨäҶ @- .. ԡҵ ԱڱһҸԡ, .,. ԡҵ Ƿԡ @ .. .,. ͷڸ .

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Ե ÷ ˵. ͸عҶҵ ö. ʹڸعҶҵ ö. ԷڸعҶҵ ͻһ ö. ڨµ ෵յ ൹ ڢع ٻµ ǵ. ʾھڶ. [] ʧڢ ʧڢ. ػʵҵ - Ե. ͤڤԡٻdzڳ [] ͤڤ⡵ ͤڤԻԨó. - һ¹ڵ Իڼ, һ. ¹ڵ ҷ . DZ¹ڵ رڲ . óԵڵ óؤ. [] Ҫ⹻յ ï ͭڭֻ Ҫ ҹڵ. ;µ⵵ ͨ. ໹յ ǡڢڵ, ػڻڪࡹ ໹ ͵ ԯڰԤ յ ˵ Ԩ. ࢹҵ صڵóڢšڢ೹ - ࢹ. ʹҵ ʷڸ ؤڤšڢ೹ ʹ. ʵڶٻdzڳ [] Եڳڵ ԭڨ Ե, ͹ڵ ŵԳڳ ˵յ ͵. ʹڹڸһڵ - ʹڹڸءһ. Ե⵷ҹ ǯҹյ Իسڳ ڤ ڷ . ¤ڤҹյ Ծ. عԡڢڵõ عԡڢ, ùԡڢ⵵ ͵. ¶൹ - ౹ҵ Գⰷڱ ûԵ, ൹ ¶൹ ¶û൹, ¶Ҥ൹ ҵ ͵. ͻڻҹյ ͻڻڦҹ. ҹյ ڱҹ. @ԧö: .. ػ໵ҵ, . ػԵ .. ͤڤԻԨ @ .. صڵصڵó.... ..,. ʹڹڸһڵ .. ¶ҡ൹

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ٶԡٻdzڳ [] ١ڵڵ ١ҹ Է ڵ. ؤڦùڵڵ ػ ùڵ. ڦùڵڵ ˯ڰ ǹڵ. ǵڶ ೵ ͵ڶ . . ١ڵڵ ١ҹ ڵ. [] ҤҤ Թڵ ҤҤ Ҫ¤ ŵ. յ ˹ , ԡ յ ͵. ͡ Ծھҵ . - . - Եڵ ൪ҵ હ ʹ Եڵ. [] ڪڵ - دڰԵ بڨ. ""Ի , ͵. ҳùڵ ҳҡ. ʹڹ⸵ ؾ. ҹյ ҹ, Եء, յ صڵ ˵. ڵ ҡ. ʹڵ - . ˹ڵ ھ. ʪڬعڵ - ê. dzڳڵ dzڳʡ. Թڷٵ . [] ͵ڵ⹵ ʡ دڰԵ. ÷⸵. Իڻʹ. һҳҹյ ٻڰҹҹ. ڨա ҵھڵ - ڨա طڸ ڵھ. ڭ ˵ ͯڰԹڵ ͵. [] ҵ һڪڵյ ҵ Թ ó һڪڵ. ˻ڼŵ ԻҡŹ ˻ڼ ˵. ҹʵ سҹʹ ҹ ˵. Ҫص⡵ ҹǪص Ҫص ˵. Իڼõ ԻҡԻڼõ Իڼ ˵. ժڤŹڵ ժڨ ڤŭڨ. ءࢵ൵ دڰࢵ ࢵ. ؾ . @ԧö: - ..,. ҵ ʵ. .. گڵ, @. ڷڵ ..,. ¹ڵ .. ʪڬڵ .. ڵھڵ

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ԯڰҵ . ڱҹյ ԹڹԹڹҹ. ٵչյ ҹ. ҵҵ˵ҹյ ൹ ҵ໹ ˵ҹ ҷԹڹ൪ҹ. ÷ҹյ ڱ÷ҹԵҹ ҹ. - آԵҹյ ҹ ءڢ໵ ⡯ ҡԵ Եҹ, ҹ آԵҹ . ͵ҹ ҷҹ. ͹ػڻǨҵ ͹ػڻ, , ͹DZڲ ͹ط ͹ػڨ ҵ ͵. ͻ ҹյ ͻ ࢵ ժدڰ ʵ ҹ ժҹ ͧڡŻڵҷ طڸ رڲ ˯ڰ ڵ ǻ һعڵ. Ҫڭ ­⭵ ٻ Ҫڭ ҹ ٻ൹ ػڻҷԵڨ⵻ ¡⵻ Ԥڤˡ⵻ طڸڵ ˻ڼ ˵. Ҫڭ ­⭵ ٻ Ҫڭ ҹ ͻٻ൹ ػڻڹڨ⵻ ͻٻҵԵ ǹڵ¡⵻ ҷԯڰҷ- سڻڹԤڤˡ⵻ ˻ڼ ˵. سҵá ø دڰԵ Ԥڤˡ , ਵ Ի ˵, ԯ Իҡ ෵յ. [] ص Ҫ ൵ ʵڵ ҷҹ ڰ ʾھ ҹ ڰ. ʹڸ Ͷ Ҫ⭵ ҷ صڵ. ڶ Ҫڵ ʡسڱ صڵڱڵ. ŧڤص¹ڵ ڪԡص. áҹ - ǵڶҹյ صڵҹ - ǵڶҹ. šҹյ ̷ҹ, حڪحڪʹ Ե˹ڵҹյ ͵. طڷʵյ ػʵ. ҷһյ -- [] ʡڡڨڵ ʷڸԵ ʷڸҹ. ˵ڶҵ ˵ඹ. ͨԵڵաڵ ԵڵաԵ, Եڵա ڨػڰ໵ յ ͷ. ͻԷڸڵ ڱԵ ԻڻԵ. حڭ ʡڵ ʡ @ԧö: .. ҹ, . һҹ. .. áҹ, ., . áҹ. @ .., . ҹ. - . ҷյ

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͡ بک êҹ ػ. ء, ൹ "ʡ" بڨ. [] ڻյ ؾ ⤻ŷáҹ યڰ ص ˹ڵ - ءڢ ี ԡ ͡Ե ͡ Գڱҵԡ ءڢ շ໵ ͵ڵ ŷڸ ҹǹ ê Ծھڵ. ء ҹ ͯڰ. ڭ ŵ, ڭ ҹ ҹյ ǻص Ǥ һڪ. ͻù ¹ ҡ ԾھڵԵ ʵڶ ص ˵ڵ . ؾھҨԳڳʹ õڶ ҹ ԭ ک, صآ ˵. ʹڸ "൹ ¹ ڻ" ҷ صڵ. ʡڡڨ ҹ ҵ ʹڵ ҹ ʡڡڨ . յ - "ʡڡڨ ҹ ෶" ҷԹ ¹ . ڨ è ص Ҫ ʡڡڨ ҹ Ծھ. Ҫڭ Ԩԡ ʡڡڨ ҹ һ ԡڡڵʹ ڵ ʹڵ Ծھڵ. Ҩԡҹ ǯگͯ . ǻص ͡ ҳԪҹ ʵ ͵ڵ յ. Ե ڤԹ զԡ¯ڰ Ҫڭصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ. ԯڰԵ Ǥڤ ͵ڶdzڳ. Ǥڤڰ ԯڰԵ. ---------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=5&A=10814&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=5&A=10814&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=10&i=301 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=10&A=6765 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=10&A=7414 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=10&A=7414 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_10

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹѴ ԡ¹  Ẻ

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