͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ Թ.. (ڵ.)

˹ҷ .

˵ڶ Ե Ż ҨԵڵ ˵ڶ ԪԵ Ե Ż ءڡ Ҩԡ ҵ ԡڢع Ԩک ͡ ʹ ʷڸ ˵ڶ Ե Ż ҨԵڵ ˵ڶ ԪԵ Ե Ż ءڡ ҹ ʵ óҸԻڻ ෵ ൹ õ Ҫԡ ¡ڢ໵ҹ ෵ ùڵ Ũڨ èکҹ ෵ õ ҨԵڵ ͭڭҵԡ ԡڢع ÷๻ ҨԵڵ¹ڵ ҹ һڵ ڵ Ԥڤ˵ ˵ڶdzԤ ʧڦҷ ࢹ ͧڤҵ Ҫԡ ͭڭҵԡ ԡڢع ûԤڤ ʤڤ ҨԵڵ ص ص ˵ڶ ҷ Ԥڤ˹ڵ Ũڨ Ԥڤ ڵ һڵԡڢڸ ˹ڵ {} ڨ ʹҤԹµ ء ڨ ʻڻԡҵ Ҫԡ ໵ ࡵڶ ͻڻԡҵ Ҫԡһڵ Թ¤ء صڵҵ Ҫԡ ʧڦҷʭڨ Ҩԡҹ ҵ ʾھ ԡڢһҹ Ҩԡҹ ⹷ ڭڵ ͡ԡڢһ ڶ ԡ ڭʵ ųʨá ڭ ԡ ǯگ ͡ ڵԨصඹ յ ԡڢҷ ͡ ڵԨصඹ ͹حڭҵ Ҫԡ ԡ ǵ ԡڢٹ

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عҪԡ ԡڢعչ ʤڤҪԡ ʡµ ͵ڵ ͵ڵҹ ҹʡ õ ʧ ءڢԵڵ õ عڷ ҹʡ ҹʡ ҵ ʡ صڵ Թڹڨ õڵԨⷵ ԡ ҹڵԡ ڭڵ ǧڤ ǵ ǧڤŻڭڵ ǧڤŻھ ҷҵھڵ ǧڤ ҵ ͵ڵҹ ǸԵҹҵ ԡڢع ͵ڵҹ ǸԵ һڵ һڪ Ǹ ÷ һڵ ҨԵڵ Ǹ ÷ һڵ ءڡ ʧ Ԫڪյ ҡ˹ ǵڶ һڵԡҵ ͵ڶ ʡŻ Թ һڵԡ Թڹ ڭڵʹ Եö ԡڢٹ ԡڢعչڨҵ ͯڰ ˹ڵ ڵ ó ǵ ڵԡԨڨҹ ҷ ˵ ҷǹ ԯڰ ҳҵԻ ʵ ⹷ ͻҵ õ Ҫԡ ¡ڢ໵ҹ Ũڨ èکҹ ҨԵڵ¹ڵ ˹ڵ Ҩ Ҫԡ µ ǪڪԨکҷԡ ءڢԵڵҹǵڵԡ ͯڰǵڶءҵ عڷ ҳڵ ͷԹڹҷ صڵʸŻ ҵ صڵ ʹ µ Ǩڨڤڤ ҷ

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dzڳdzڳ ʧڦҷ Ǩڨڤ ڤ ໵ ͸ڢ ؾҹڱ ҷ dzڳdzڳ Ũڨ ؾڢ ⸪ҹڱ ҷ dzڳdzڳ ءڡ ʭڨԵ൹ µ Ԥڤ˵ ʵ ڨõ һڵ ʧڦҷ Ԥڤ˵ ʵ ڨõ һڵ Ũڨ Ԥڤ˵ ʵ ڨõ һڵ ءڡҵ ʭڨԵ൹ ó൹ һڵԡڢڸ ˹ڵ ؤڤ ػڻ෵ھҵ ͷڸҹ ͧڤ ǵڶԻ ҹҡó صڵ ͻਵڶ ڵù ͻԻ Ի Ҩ ͧڤ ʧڤԵ ҵئҵҷ óءڡ ڱ⵾­ڪèکҹʧڢ൹ ǵڶԻ ʧڤԵҵ ǷԵھ عڷ ص ҹ ʧڤҵ ڵԡڻ Իڻڨڵ ͵յóڵ ڶ ҵҷ ڵԡڻ ෵ õյ- ҷ Իڻڨڵ Թڹ ڵҷ ͵յó ҵ ҹ ʧڤ˹ڵ ͻԻ ʧڤ˹ڵ ǵڶع ڵ ͹ǹҵ ǵڶڻڹ ڵڻڹ ͹ǹڻڹڨ ڹ ˵ ൹ صڵ ҹ ʧڤҵ Ե ڵ ԡڢع ʶ ʵ ˧ ڹҤ

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ʵ گ ط ʶҵ ԧڤ- ڱʹʹ Ե ǷԵھ Գڳڹ ͡Ҩԡҵ ͹تҹ ԡڢ ͡ҹ ҵعڵ Ǩ Գڳ ҹ ͡ػڬ¹ ҹҨ¹ ͡ ͹ǹ ǯگ ͷԹڹҷ ʵ ͵á Ҫԡ ͵á ͹ڨ Ũڨ ͹ ءڡ عڨҵ ͡ڢ Ҫԡ ¹ Ũڨ ǯ - ءڡ ڰ ҨԵڵ ڷڵ ʵ - ǹڻ Թڷڵ Ҫԡ - ٵ ҨԵڵ ͧڤ Ũڨ ڨ ڱԵڨҵ ⹷ ౵ ൹ õ Ҫԡ ¡ڢ Ũڨ èکҹ ҨԵڵ ʯڰԩڱ ʧڦҷ ʢ بڨûǩڱ ءڡ ڱԵڨ ڨһڵ ˹ڵ ҨԵڵ¹ ءڡ ҵ ԡڢҷǤڤ ԡڢһ ҨԵڵ¹ ʷڸ ءڡ ҵ ͵ õڶ ǡ صڵҵ ԡڢһ ͸ ǵ ڵ ǡ صڵҵ ͵ Թڹ ù ҵ ԡڢٹ ʹڵ ػڻڹ ෹ڵ ҨԵڵ ԡڢعչ ʹڵ ػڻڹ ෹ڵ ءڡڵ Թڹ ԡڢعչ @ԧö: . ǵڵ൵Ի . . (?)

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෹ڵ ù ó൹ һڵ ˵յ ͵ ͯڰ үʹ Ҥ حڪڵ୹ ҨԵڵ¹ ءڡ ҵ ڭ ԭڭ໵ حڪڵ ҨԵڵ¹ ʷڸ ءڡ کڵ ʵ ԡڢع ҵؤ ʷڸ Ը کڵ ءڡ ٻáڡ ҨԵڵ ԡڢع ͡ ڵ ک ٻ ͡ڡڵ Ũڨ ص» ʧڦҷʵ کڵ һڵ ˹ڵ Ե һ ڵҵ Եһ ҵ ͵ ԡڢع ͹ڸ Ԩک ͡ Եڵʹڶʹ ˵ڶ ԯڰ ҨԵڵ ˵ڶ ԪԵ ԯڰ ءڡ سؤڤ صԡ ˵ڶ Ԫ˹ڵ ԯڰ Ũڨ ԪԵ ԯڰ ʧڦҷ Թڹ һڵ Իڹһ ڵҵ ਻ շ Իڪ ͵ һڵ һڪ {} ڨ ҨԵڵҹյ ڨ ʪڪҹ Ԥڤ˵ ҹҪ ͡Ҫ ʵ Եҹ ˹ڵ ʵڵҵԡڡ ԡڢ ڨ ҨԵڵҹ ʾھҹ ҹǵڶءҹ ͡ڢ һڪ һ کҵ ǵڵ ҨԵڵҹյ ԡڢ յҹ ԭڭ໵ ʷڸ ͡ ͡ ڷԵ ڢԻԵ ä ͵ԡڡ

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ҨԵڵҹ ʾھҹ ҹǵڶءҹ ͡ڢ һڪ һ کҵ ǵڵ ͡Ҩ ҵ ڨ ʪڪҹ Ԥڤ˵ ʵڵ ͵ԡڡ ڨ һڵ һ յ ͡Ҩ Ե ˹ڵ Ҩ Ԩڨ ڶ صʪڪ๻ յҹ ԭڭ໵ حڪԵ һڵ һ յ ǵڵھ ǵڶ Ե൵ ҵ ڨ ʪڪҹ Ԥڤ˵ ʵڵ ͵ԡڡ ¶ǵڶء յ ǵڶ Ե൵ Ե ˹ڵ һڵ һڵ ೹ Ԩڨ ڶ صʪڪ๻ յҹ ԭڭ໵ ص ¶ǵڶء յ ǵڵھ ǵ ʵ ءڢԵڵҹǵڵԡ Ҫԡ ҹǵڵҹ ⡡ԡҷչ ʧڦҷ һԡ ԯڰ ͻڻԹʤ ڱ ԡڢع ҨԵڵ¹ڵ ǵࡹ һڵ ûڨҵ صڵҨһڨ - һڵ һڪյ ͵ Ҫ˵ Ҫǡó һԨ Ԩکһ ʹڵ ٵ صڵʸ Ż һڵ Ҫԡ Ҫ˵ @ԧö: . صڵҨڨҵԻ

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Ҫǡó ʭڨԵڵ һڪ һڵ ʧڦҷ Ҫ˵ Ҫǡó ʵ һڵ Ũڨ Ҫ˵ Ҫǡó ԡڢ յҹ ͵ڵ ͵ڶ ԭڭ໵ حڪ һڵ ҨԵڵ Ҫ˵ Ҫǡó ԡڢع յҹ ͵ڵ ͵ڶ ԭڭ໵ حڪ һڵ үʹ Ҫ˵ Ҫǡó ٻ ͷ ͤ ͵ڵ ͵ڶ ԭڭ໵ حڪ һڵ ءڡҵ ҷڵ ʵ Ũڨ ͡ڻ ءڡ ԡڢع ҨԵڵ ڨ ڨҵ ص ص ʻؤڤ ˵ڶ ˵ س ͵ڵ ͵ڶ ԭڭ໵ Եյҹ ͡ڻ ڢԻԵ ʡ ڷԵ ͪҹ ʧڦҷ Ũڨ ҨԵڵ үʹ ءڡڵ ڨ һڵ ڨ һڪ ڨ ҹҹյ ءڢԵڵҹǵڵԡ ԡڢع ǵ ʹ ͻڻԹʪڪڵ ڵ ءڡ Ҩ Ũڨ Ҩһ һڵ Ҫԡ ʧڦ áڡҷ ʧڦҷ һԡ ԯڰ ͻڻԹʤ ҨԵڵ¹ڵ ʾھ ǵ¡ ڨ ҹҹ کڵ ڨڹ һڵյ һڵ ڨڹ ˸ԡҹ ˵ ڶ Թڹ Իڻ¹

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һڵ ԡڢҹ չ ͡ڻµ ǯگյ Թ ¹ һڵ һڵ ໵ھ ڱ ҵھ ڨڹ ͸ԡ೹ ҵ ͸ԡó ڨڹҵ ͵ ڨڹ ڵҷչ ͵ڶ ԹԨک ͸ԡóڵ بڨ չ ͯگ ˵ ڨڹ ԹԨک ˵յ ڨڹ ˸ԡҹ ԹԨک ˵ ڨڹ ٻ ҵ ڨڹ ͸ԡó ԹԨکԹԵ ٻʹڵ ˵յ ͵ ڨڹ ͹һڵյ ڨڹ ͹һڵ ˵յ ͵ յ ʧڦҷ յԡڡ ؤڤ ʻڻԡ һڵ ʧڦ ؤڤ ʹڵ ԡԵ ;س Իҡ ˵ յ بڨ ԡ õڵԹڵ ԡڢع õڵڸ ˵ڶ ҹ ʪڪ ¹ҹ ڻҹ ҨԵڵ ˵ڶ ԪԵ ҹҷչ ڻҹ ءڡڵ · һڵ õڵ һڪ ԡ ҵ ػ¹ Ԩک ͡ һڵ һڪ Ԫڬڵ ͡ һڵյ ԡڢ õ൹ ҵؤ ͧڤҵ ػԪڬԵھ ػԪڬ һڵ ءڡҵ Ԫڬڵ

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һڵ ͡ Գڱҵڨҵ ԡڢ ԡڢҷԡ آ ࡵھڵ ͵ڶ صڵءڡһڵ ͹ڵ Ҥ ­ڪ ෹ڵ һ آ š ءڡ عڷ ͡ Գڱҵڨҵ ԡڢع- ԻҨԵ Գڱҵ حڪڵ ҨԵڵ¹ڵ صڵ ͯڰҹ ڻʹڵ ھԡڢڸ صڵҹ ءڢԵڵ صڵҵ һڵ ͷ ͻڻԡ һԡ ԯڰ ͻڻԹʤव ൨ڵ ǵڵҵ ءڢԵڵҹ ͵ڵ ǵ ǵڵ ڨڰ ⷵ Ҫԡ- ʧڦҷ Ũڨ ҨԵڵ ءڡʧڢ ڨڰ ک طڷ ڵ بڨյ ˻ҷԹ ¹ ˯ڰ صڵ ҷ үʹҵ ԡڢٹ ڵ ԡڢعչ ͯڰ عڹ ʹ ҵ عڹ ͨڨʹҵ ͵ ҵ Ƿ൹ ªԵҹ ҹ ͨڨʹ ͹طڸ ػڰԡ ͨڨʹ DZڲ Ԩک ͨڨʹ µ ءࢻ¡ Ҥҹ ԡڢٹ ͨڨʹҵ عڹ ͨڨʹ ͯڰڤ ⷵ ؾ ˵ ʹڵ ҷ ԹԸ ʭڭڵ ͯڰ ͧ ڹҤ ͯڰڤ ͯڰ ʶڤҹԻ ҳ ˭୵ҷԹ ¹ صڵ ͯڰ §ڤҹյ Ը ԡڢ ԡڢ ʵ ˵ ǵ

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ҵҷԹ ¹ ʧڦ صڵҹ ͯڰ Եڶǵڵҹ Ңڸ صڵҹ ͯڰҨԡ ػڻҵ ԡڢعչ ػڻ ʹڸ صڵ ͯڰڹ ڨدڰҵھڵ ڵ ͯڰڹ ԡڢعչ Ե ڨدڰ ʹ ҵھ ԡڢҷ ͯڰյ ͯڰ ڹҤ ԡڢعҷ ڹԵ ͡ ੪ڪڵ Ҷ ҡ ˵ ʧڦ Թ ੪ڪ ˵ Ƿ Ҫԡ һڪ ҹǵڵҹ عڹ Ũڨ ⡡ԡҷչ ҷչ عڹ ͹һڵ һڵ ͹һڵ ʾ ͡ǵڶء ʧڦǵڶء Ҧҵǵڶٹյ Ҷ յ ԡڢ ʧ Ԫڪ ڵ ó ҵ ڵ ҵھҹ ҹ ҵ ͵ صڵҹ {} ؤڤ ෵ھҵ ʹʹ- ڸ صڵ ͭڪਹ ҵ ըԡ ʷڸ ͭڪ ҵ ҹ»بکdzگ- ˳ҷԢڸǵڵ ʵھ ͭڪ ڤԵ⾵ ͵ ʹڹ ءڡڵ ʹڹ ùڵ ءڡ ˵ øóҵ ҹ ͵á ó ͹حڭҵҵ ͵ ڨڹ صڶҹ ҵھ Ը ùڵ ڨڹ ˸ԡҹ آ ҵھ ʵڵڹ ʹ൵ һڡڵڵԵڵԵڵǷگҹ Գڳ

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ءڢԵڵҹڵ ʵڵڹ ʹ آһ ҵھ ʹڹ ҵھڵ ҹ áڢڸ صڵҹ ڱҷչ ʹڹ ҵھ ʵ õڵʵ һڵ ҷԵҹҵ ʵ һڵ õڵʵ ҷԵҹ ʵ õڵʵ һڵ ҷԵҹҵ ʵ һڵ õڵʵ ҷԵҹ ˵ڶ ʧࢻ ʵ ʵ ʧڦҷ һڵ һڪԵ Ԩک෵ ൹ õڵʵ һڵ ԨکҷԵ ˵ ʾھ һڵ ˻Ԩکڹҵ ҨԵ õڵ Եҹ ب ⡵ ҷ صڵҵ ͻš ͸ Ǥڤ ͸ ڤ Ǥڤ ڵԡڵԷص¡ڵԨصڶҹԻյ ࡡ ҷ صڵ ڻڵµ ͻš ڤ ҹԻյ ڻڵ صڵ ҹյ ͸ Ǥڤ ڤ ٻࡹ Ǥڤ ٻࡹ ڤ ڤڵ ҹ صڵҹ ࡵڶ ԡ ҵ ͡ ڤǵڶ ԡ ڵ ͵ ص¤Ҷʪڪ๻ ͵ ԡ Եڵ ҹ Եҹ صڵҹ Եҹ ͹ڵ๹ҵ- ҷ ¹ڵԨ੷Եڵ ͹ڵ بڨ Ծھҹ

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ǵ íڭ ʻڵ ڷԵ êڪ ʤ ڷԵ Ե ԪԵ ͸Ԥ ڻڵ ͹ڵ⹵ بڨ ԯڰҹԯ Ծھԡõ ҷ ڤ ԡڢب੷ԻڻʷڸԹóǡʧڢҵ ǡڨ ͷڷҵ ǡ ൹ ͹ڵ๹ ҷԹ ǡԹ ҹ һڵԡڢڸҹ Եҹ ࡵڶ Թ յ ڶ ھ ҹ ʵڶ ʵڵ һڵԡڢڸҹ Եҹ ڶ ͡һ һڵ Թ Ͷ ڵ ͸ԡóҹյ ʾྻ آԹ¹ ڵ ¤ کڵ ͵ڶ آԹ Թ ک ͭ୹ ඹ Թ ͹Իڼڵ ͵ڶ ൹ صڵ ࡵڶ Թ յ Թ ͸Իڻ¹ ͯڰ ͵ ص Թҵ Իҵ ʸڵڶ ˵ ࡵڶ Թ յ ʵڵ һڵԡڢ Ҫԡһڵԡڢ Թ յ ͵ڶ è صڵ ਵ һڵ ͹ һڵ ͸ԡ೹ ඹ յ ٹ±ڲʵҵ Ը ػ ԡڢ ͸ ໵ ͸ԯڰ ͸ԯڰ ͸ԯڰ ԯڰ ͸ԯڰ

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ԯڰ ͸ԯڰ ԯڰ ԡ ͸ԯڰ ԡ ԯڰ ԡ ⡵ ҹ ͯڰʹڹ ǵڶٹ ʹ ͯڰ ͯڰҹ ʧڦڢڸ صڵҹ ʹ ٹ±ڲʵ һԡ ǷԵھ ͯڰ һԡҵ Ը ػ ԡڢ ໵ ԯڰ ԯڰ ԹԸ ԯڰ ԹԸ ڵ ԹԸ ب ͹ǵ ҡ ˵ Թ Է ʵڶʹ ˶ ਸ਼ҵ ػ ʧڦ һ ڻ ൡԨ⩵ ࡡ ࡡ ʧڦڢڸ صڵ ͯڰ ͯڰ ͯڰ ٹ±ڲʵʪڪ صڵ {} ҹյҷչ ʾھҶҹ ʪڪ صڵҹҵ ͻ÷ص¤Ҷʧڤԡdzڳ ԯڰԵ ----------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=3&A=11903&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=3&A=11903&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=8&i=1242 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=8&A=12607 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=8&A=10466 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=8&A=10466 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_8

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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