͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. ͵ڵ-⡸Ǥڤ

˹ҷ .

ڵ յԡڢ, Ծھҹ Ƿڵ طڸ, ھ ٻҵ, ˵ ˰¹. ͹ٻ ͹ٻ ү ڵڭص ڵ ڵڨ ¹ʹ ͸ԨԵ ͵ طڸҹʹڵ. ڶ "ʾھһҵ: ʾھ ͡Ÿ. ػڻҵ: ԡڢ ڰ ˵ڵڤ ػڻҷ ػڻҷԵ ǹ. ʨԵڵ·ڵ: ڨ ͵ڵ Եڵ Ƿһ. ͵ طڸҹʹڵ: ʾھطڸҹ ͹ԯڰ. ڵյ: յԡڢʧڢҵ ڵ , Է صڵ . Ծھҹ Ƿڵ طڸҵ: "طڸ ਡطڸ ͹ؾطڸ ҵ طڸ Ծھҹ "صڵڵ Ƿڵ. ھ⵵: ҳҷ ػ˹ హ ٻҵ ھ ˵. ⳵: صڵ ˰¹ ⳻ ˵. ͹ٻⷵ: ͹ٻҷ ͹ٻҷһڨ. ͹ٻ⵵: ͹ٻҵ ͹ٻҵһڨ. үࢵ:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

યڰ. õ: Է˹. ڵڭصҵ: ڵڭ ҳҹ. ڵڵ: Եڵ. ͸ԨԵ൵: ͯڰһڵʧڢ ͸ԡԵ. ⤵: ¤ó. ͵ڵ: ͵ ʾ طڸҹ ʹ. ͵ڶ ͹ٻ෹ Ҩԡ Ե, ͹ٻ൹ ԡ . ү õ Թ үڢŭ Թڷíڨ, ڵڭص Ҫǻطڸ ڨʹڹԵŭڨ, ڵʹ๹ ʻڻʹʹ, ͸ԨԵ൹ ͯڰ һڵ. Ҷ ʻ ԡڢ Ե ˹ڵյ. ʹ ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ. ҹڷʻǵڶ. ----------------- . ͹õԡڢǵڶ. () " һʹҵ ʹ ʵڶ વ ù ͡ ͹õԡڢ þ . ھԵ ŷڸٻڻ "ءڰҹڹ ڵ ط յ ػڬ¹ ڶ ͤ. Ͷ Ե ػڻڪ. صڵ ڰء ص Ե ڶ ڨ Ե صڵࡹ Ż

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʹڹ ص "Է صڵ ڵ յ һʵ ԯڰ ˵ . Ҥ- ҷ ԻԵ ǵ൹ ÷Ե " Ե Ż š, ൹ һʵ ˵ Ե, ൹ յ . " һ ͵ⶵ ԡڢԻԵ ͻ Թ " á Գڱ Ե ൹, ʡڡ һʵ Ե , Ծյ. ͹õ ʯڰʪڬ¡ڰ ڱä . Ͷ "Էڵ بکԵ, "ءڡڰյ ص, Ҩػڬҹ Ҩԡڢ. Ͷ ʵڶ ʹڵԡ ๵ ʵڶ . ʵڶ "ʨڨ ԡڢ ءڡڰ⵵ بکԵ, " ൵ ص, " , ͵ڶ ⡨ Եڻڨµ . " ൵. "Թ ͵ڶյ. "һʵ ൵. "൹ Ի ʡڢ , ೵ ҹ - `ʡڡ ڵࡹ Ե , ҵ. ʡڢ . Ͷ ʵڶ "ڶ ڳ , Թڹ ⤳ҹ ͵ڶ ʵ, ͵ڵڹ ժڶ, ؤڤŵڶ, طڷŵڶ, ռ͵ڶҵ. һʵ ڻ˵. Ͷ ʵڶ "ԡڢ һ ͻڻ, @ԧö: . . . . ҹ.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

; ͵ ڱԵ ڡǵڵêڪ õ ͻ⻰Ե൹ ҷªڰ Իڻ೹ ʵڵõ ໵ ڶ, ڵ ʡڡ ǹڵ, ͵ڵ êڪ õһ ó ͻõ ٵ ǵ ൹ Ҩ ͵յ Ե ڸҵҪҵ - Եڶõ "ǵ ڷ [ùڵ] ڵ è, ʾ ڸҵ ҳ ԹԵҵ - Ҷ ͹ڵ Ҷ " һʹ Եڵ Ԫڪ, ͻڻҷ ءڢ Ե ԭڭ ڱ ͻ Ծ õ ҸԤک, ˡڢ ˵ ھطڸ⡵. ڶ "һʹҵ: ͻవ ʵڵõ , Ը "һʹڵ صڵ, ൹һ ǵڶءڡʡ Եڵ ڶ; ػڻ . ͻڻҷҵ: ػԹٻҷԵ Եڵآ. ءڢҵ; ءڢڢڸҷ - Ҥءڢʹ طءڢ. Ե ԭڭҵ: ҹԵ. ͻ Ծٵ; ҹ @ԧö: . . . ԡ. /. ڰ. /. @. . Ե. . . . ҷءڢڢڸصڵ /. @̷ءڢڢڸصڵ. /.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ػڻ . Էڸ , õ Թڷ. ˡڢ⵵: ˵ Ծھ ˵: ڰ õ. ھطڸ⡵: ھطู Ե ǹ ¤Ǩ ԡڢٵ. ʹ ԡڢ ʵһڵԼ ԯڰ. ڻڵ» ҵڶԡ ʹ յ. ͹õԡڢǵڶ. ----------- . ͤڤԷڵԵǵڶ. () " ó ¹ڵյ: ʹ ʵڶ [વ ù] ء Թ ͤڤԷڵڹ í Ե þ . . Ͷ Ե š Ҫ ʹ " Ե ⵵ ǹ ໵ ͵ڵ ػڰҹ Ҥ ڨؤڤ õ, "Ҩ Ը շҵ ҹʹ . Թ " Ҫ ͵ õ,

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ҫٹ Ԩڨ ʡڡ Եڵ ˵ ; Ҫ , ҹ ʷڸ êڪ آ ˵: ˭ڨ , ھԵ صڵڵ. Ҫҹ ھڪ ͹تҹ໵ ԭڨ໵ ʵڵ˹ ʾھ ͵ڵ ҹ ʪવ áڻھڪ ھ. ҹ ͹ػڻھ. ʷڸ ͧڤҹڨ ïڰ ͹ڵ ໵ ҷ ෵ "ҵ Եڡҷ ػڻڪڵ, ࡡ ءһد طڸԵ ͡õٵ. "Ҹٵ سԵ Եڡҷչ ػڻڹ . ͻù ¹ ء . Ԩک ҤҪ Ԥڤ. ͧڤ ïڰ ˹ڵ ʡڡ Ե ҹ ෹ڵ. Ͷ ͤڤԷ ҷ ͷ "ھ ó Ҷ, ǹ ó Ҷ, ó Ҷ, ءڢ ó Ҷ; ʾھءڢ بڨʶҵ ͵ڵ ͹ࡻ Թ ෹ Ƿ. ⾸ʵ⵻ Թԡڢ ԡڢ - ⾸ ǵڶ વ ù ڨʡ š ࡹ ͤڤԷڵ ʷڸ ͹ ͵ڵ ҳ ͹ ԯڰ "ʾྻ ˵ڵ @ԧö: . . . Թԡڢ. . Թԡڢ.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ػڻڹҵ ³ ڤҹ "ڤҹ ͤڤԷڵ Ҫ ͵Եඹ ڢڷ໹ڵ? ک, ҷ յ. " ͡ , ˻ Ҥʶ, - ʹڵյ. "ڤҹ Ҥ, - յ. ک Թ " ǹ , ʾ Ҥڰ ԭڨ ; ʾྻ ǤڤǤह دڰعڵ ͵ڵ ҹǹ żԵ دڰ. żԵ دڰدڰ ͵ڵ ͵ڵ ڳ . ͤڤԷڵ ڳŷ "ͤڤԷڵҵ . ʷڷ ص " ŻԵ ڶ, Żյ ҹڶڸ " ʵ . " ҵ. " յ. "ͪڪ ͡õڵ Ը ʹڰҹ Ҩԡڢҵ. "Ը ʹڰҹ ڶ, ͡ ͡ ڳҵ. "ͤڤԷڵ ҹ, عڹ, ھԵ ھԵҹ ʹڵԡ کڵ, , ʹڰҹڵ. " ھ⵵. " ھյ. " ھ, ڱ ھԵԡڢõ. "͵ڶ ԡڢ, ` ˵ @ԧö: . ʶ? . ? . .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ԨԵ ءڢڵ ;ڵ ˵ Ԩ ҵ. " ˵ - Ԩյ تڬ. Ͷ "[] ͤڤԷڵ تڬ, ʹڰҹ Ҩԡڢҵ. "ڶ ͵ڶ ʹڰҹڵ. "͵ ء ʵյ. " ҤҪҵ. "͵ յ. " ʡڡ ҵ , ͵ ڵ. "˵, . "൹ ҹյ. ء . ҤҪ Ҥکڵ " Ҥک, ҹҵ ͵ڶ; Ե յ . " ҤҪ ` Ե ʡ, ͭ ʡ⡹ڵյ šࢵյ . Թڹڻ ؤڤ š دڰ. ;ҸԵ ҤҪҹ ูڵ. ҤҪ Ǥ Ե ʡ⡹ ڪ. û ⪸ҵ һڪԵ ൹ ʷڸ ڪ. ͤڤԪ š دڰ. ͤڤԪ ;ҸԵ ҤҪҹ Ҹ. Ͷ ʡ ءڡ Եڵ . Ԥ ࡵ Թ "ҤҪ ໵, ڷ ǵ ҡ Ǩ سԵ ⰵ, ҤҪҹ Ծھǹ ء շ. ҤҪ ء @ԧö: . ͤڤ˵ (?) . ˵ Ԩյ.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ԡڢԻԵ ٯҤáبکԻڻҳ ໵ ػ . Ԥ " ҹҵ ʹڵԡ ڵ ءڶ Թڹ ͭڪ ڤ Եڶǹ " ڨ Ҥહ Ҹ⵵. " ʶ ػ õ Եڵ. "ͨک ǵ , ҹ , ๹ ҤҪ ⵵ õ ͯڰ. ʵڶ Ҥ. . ʵڶ دڰ ǹڷ. Ͷ " һ ˹ڵõ. " ʵڶ, ⡵. ʵڶ ءڶ շ. Ԥ " ǡ ҹ, ҹ շ ʵյ ͭڪ ڤ ʵڶ Եڶ. ʵڶ ͤڤԷڵ ൵ "ͤڤԷڵ ǡҹڨ ػڰҡҹڨ ҷ `Թڵ ǵ յ. "͵ ھ ó ک, ǹ, , ءڢ ó ک; ͵ҹ ó ʾھءڢ بڨյ ҷ յ. ʵڶ " ͤڤԷڵ ͵ҹ ó ءڢ بڨ, طڸ ʧڦ ó ڵ ʡǯگءڢ بڨյ ǵ Ҷ " ó ¹ڵ ھҹ ǹҹ ءڢਵҹ µڪԵ;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

๵ ó , ๵ óصڵ, ๵ óҤ ʾھءڢ بڨ. طڸڨ ڨ ʧڦڨ ó ڵ ʨڨҹ ڻڭ ʵ ءڢ ءڢػڻҷ ءڢ ͵ԡڡ ­ڨڰڤԡ ڤ ءڢٻԹ ͵ ó , ͵ óصڵ, ͵ óҤ, ʾھءڢ بڨյ. ڶ "عڵ: . ھҹյ: "ڶ ڶ Ԥ- ǻҷ ھ ǹԧڤǹҷչ ǹҹ ǹǡھǹҷ ෹ਵ⤵ਵҷչ ءڢਵҹ ൹ ൹ ¹ ڪԵ بڨԵء صڵҷչ ڰҹ ó ¹ڵյ ͵. ๵ óڵ: ͵ ʾھ ó صڵ, ͵ Ԩڨ ҵҷԸ ʵ ⡻ ҵҷ ʾھءڢ بڨյ ͵. ҵ: Է ͡ ͹صڵ ó ʵ صڵ ó ʹڶ ÷ڸ. ʵ " ˯ ھ `ԵԻ ھط⸵ҷԡ طڸʧڦҹʵԡڰҹ ʯڰʹ طڸڨ ڨ ʧڦڨ ó , һ ó

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͭڭԵڶǹڷҷ ػڻ ŵ, ͨ ʵ ह Ҥó ʹ `ڵ ʨڨҹ ڻڭ ʵյ . ʨڨҹ ʹʹ ͵ҹ ó , ͵ ó ڨ صڵڨ, ؤڤ ͵ ó Ԩڨ ʡһ ǯگءڢ بڨ; "͵ ó ڵҷ صڵڵ. ʹ ʾྻ Է ˵ڵ ʵڶ ǹڷԵ ھڪ Ҩ. ʵڶ þڵ ˵ڶ õ "Ͷ ԡڢ, ö ¹ڵ . ͯڰԡڢø ʵԡ . ʾ ͧڤïڰչ ʡڡ ҷ Ҥ . ʡڡ ҷ Ҥ ʾྻ ھ "Թڹ ҡ ͤڤԷڵ ط ⤵ Թ൵ " ⤵ Ҥڵ ͤڤԷ ҵ ڭ. ʵڶ ͪڬ ࡵ "ͤڤԷڵ ڢ Թڷҵ . " ͵ڵ ڨյ ԷڸԾŹ ʵڵڢڵ ;ؤڤڵ عڻع ʵڶ ǹڷԵ "ʵڶ , յ ǵ ǡڵ յ. ͤڤԷڵԵǵڶ. ------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

. ҹڷʻǵڶ. () " Ҫ⭵ ʹ ʵڶ વ ù ҹڷ þ . ͡ үڰ Թ Թ "˵ڶҪҹ ڷڵ ʶ ػڻڪ, Ҫҹ Թڸǡ ˡҪ , Ҫҹ ڢԳһඵҷչ Ƿ൹ ʵڶ ˵ڶҪҹҷչ ػڻڵԯڰҹҹ Եҹ, Ҫҹ ػڻڪյ. ʵڶ ػʧڡԵ ǹڷԵ ͵ڶ بک. ʵڶ "ҹڷ Ҫҹ ʾھڶ ػڻڪ, تء ªʵ ǯگ ªʵڻ ڬʯڰ ػڻڪ; ػڻڪ ػڻڪ, ڵž- šҹ ͭڭ ػڻڪյ ǵ Ҷ " Ҫ, ʾھڶ µ. µڶ µ , آյ. ڶ ": Ҫ , ˵ڶҪҹҷ , ʾھڶ ڨڵ ը µ, ڬ Ҫ ҷҷʡڡáóڰ ڵ¾ҹ ͭڭ µ, µڶ µ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

صڵڻ ھط, آ آڻڵ ˵յ ͵. ʹ ʵһڵԼҷչ һسٵ ҹڷʻǵڶ. -------------- . ھԡڢǵڶ. () " طڸҹػڻⷵ ʹ ʵڶ વ ù ھҹ ԡڢٹ þ . ͡ ڨʵ ԡڢ ػڰҹ Թڹ " آڵ دڰ . ڶ ࡨ "êڪآʷ آڹ ڶյ . ࡨ "آʷ... ࡨ "آʷ آڹ ڶյ . ʵڶ Թڹڰҹ Ҥڵ " صڶ ԡڢ ͵ ʹڹԹڹҵ بکԵ, " ҵ ص, "ԡڢ බ, Է ʾھ آ ǯگءڢ- һڹ, `طڸػڻ ǹ ʧڦڤ ҹǵ Է آڵ ǵ Ҷ " طڸҹػڻ, آ ʷڸʹ, آ ʧڦ ڤ, ڤҹ ⢵.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڶ "طڸҹػڻⷵ: طڸ ػڻڪҹ Ҫ Ҥڵҷ ùڵ; طڸҹ ػڻ . ʷڸʹ Ҥ ҵҷԸ ʵڵ ҵҷ بڨڵ; ʷڸʹ آ. ڤյ Եڵ. һ آ . ڤҹ ͡Եڵҹ طڸǨ ؤڤԵ ٵڤҹ Ե ҵ آ; "ڤҹ ⢵ صڵ. - "ǡǭڨ ԡڢ ԡڢ ڤ ʹڹԻʹڵ, ڤ دڰʹڵ, ڤ ʧڦóҹ ʹڵ; رڲ ԡڢ ԡڢٹ үԡڢ, ҹյ. ʹ ԡڢ ˵ ԯڰ. Ҫһ ҵڶԡ ʹ յ. ھԡڢǵڶ. ------------ @ԧö: . ͧ. ʵڵ. /.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

. ʻʾdzڳਵǵڶ. () "٪˵ ʹ ʵڶ ԡ ʻʾ dzڳਵ þ . Ҥ []- ǵڶ ԡڢԵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ҳ ک ͹ڵ ¤ ԡڢʧڦ ͭڭ ǯڰҹ ڻһس. Թ ؤ ڱҤԡ ʵ Է ԡ ùڵ . Ҥڵ Ҥ ͹ǹڷԵ ǯڰҹ ǹڷԵ ͯڰ. ؤ⵻ " Թڵ ڭ ҵ . "ҡ dz Ҥਵ¯ڰҹڵ ǹڷ ⤵ҵ. " ҹ ǹڷ൹ Ҹ ҵ ؤ ڻ. ص ԡڢ "ࡹ ೹ ڻյ ʭڪ . Ҥ ๵ ڬԡ աصڵڵ - ǵ Էڸҹǹ ʻʾ ªؾྸ ਵ ͻíڨ ਵ ҡ ԹԵ Ҫ ʵ " Ըҹ ٪ҹ ٪ صڵҵ ǵ һԹԾھҹص - Ե طڸҷ ڵ ٪ ʵ ਵ طڷਵ ਵ¹ڵ ճ ਵҹ @ԧö: . ͵ڶڵ ʷ વ. @. . . /. . . . /.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Է໵ Ҷ "٪ ٪ ط ·Ԩ ڨԡڡ ԳڳʡԷڷ ҷ ٪ Ծھ ͡ ʡڡ حڭ ʧڢҵ ڵ ࡹյ. ڶ ٪Ե ٪. ٪Ե صڵҵ ͵. ٪ ٪⵵ []- ҷҷ []- ڨ હڵ. ٪ ʵ طีҷԹ. طี ھط. ·յ ·. Ͷҵ ͵. ڶ ਡ- طี Ե ˵. . ڨԡڡ൵ ԡڡڵҷԯڰҹ. ԳڳʡԷڷǵ ͵ԡڡڵ- ʡԷڷ. ͵ԡڡ൵ ͵. ٪˵ڵ Ե. ൵ طڸҷ. - ҷʵ صڵ˳ʹ []-. Ծھ൵ ҤҷԹԾھص []-. ڶ ⵨ ¹ڵ ͡. ͡. ʡڡ حڭ ʧڢҵعڵ حڭ ೵ ʡڡ ڵ . ڵ ࡹյ ͵ڵ ͵ڵڵ ࡹյ. ͻʷ Ը ھڸԵ. ࡹ ؤڤŹ ๹ . @ԧö: . ͵ڶڵ ൵ વھ. @. ͵ڶڵ ʷ વ. . . طڸҷչ. @. ͵ڶڵ ҷԤسص൵ વھ. @¶صڵسʹ ҷԤسص൵ Ǩ صڵ. @. ͵ڶڵ Ծھ൵ વھ.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ڶ ؤڤŹҵ ൹ ҷԹ. ๹ҵ ู ๹ ೹ ೹ ೹ . ó Է ͵ڵڵ ó. óڵ - ó. ó ͱڲڻʵڶԡҷʹ ó. ࡹ ؤڤŹ طڸҷ ٪ حڭ Իҡʹ ೵ ʡڡ ¹ڵԵ⵵. ٪ ҹ طڸҷ ٪ ʡڡ حڭ ʧڢҵ . ع ҷ ʻԹԾھҹԵ൹ ڸԹԾھ๹ Ծھൻ ٪ ʡڡ ʧڢҵعڵ تڪڵ. ൹ ҹǵڶ - ԯڰ Ծھ һ Ե - ⵻ҷ˵ - ʵڵ کڵ ؤڤԹڵ (صڵ). ʹ ʵһ յ. ªԡ ਵ ʵڵҡ ͯڰ. ˹൹ - Ҥ . ʵڵ ਵ ҹڻù . Թڹŷڸԡҹ ŷڸ . طڸҹǹ ਵ ʡڰҹ . ˹ڵ ҳਵ . Ҥ յ ҳҹ յ. @ԧö: . ó . . . ҹ. /. @. . Եڵ. . . ҹ. @⵻Ը˵ . . ˹⵵ .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ʻʾ dzڳਵǵڶ. - طڸǤڤdzڳ ԯڰԵ. طڷ Ǥ. ---------- @ԧö: . . . . ⻵ڶ Է ǵڶ ͵ڶ, ⻵ڶ ڶ. @"٪ ٪⵵ һ Ҷ صڵڵԯ طڷԡ @ طڸǤڤ ʹ. @طڸ ع طڷ ʾھԻ Է ǵڶ Ը๵ طڷԵ.


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=23&A=2037&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=23&A=2037&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=24 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=748 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=743 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=743 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com