͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ طڷ.. (ڶ.)

˹ҷ .

صڵ ˵? ¹ڵ ʵڵҹ ػڻڪԵ طڸڻ ҳ ͵յԡ ͻڻչڵ ʹڸóڶ - ͢ճ ˵, ҳ - ˵ڵह Եڵ ͤڤԹ ڲժ µ Իҡҹڶ ճ. ­ڨ طڸ٪ҷʹ Էҹ ǵڵҹ ǹڵ بڨ, ڨ һ ԹڹŻҷػڼ µ ŷҹڶ ڶ , ˻ڻ µ õڵԵڵ, ճ ԡڢ " ࢵڵ ԭڭҳ ժ" - ͵ڶ صڵʹڸԭڭҳ ڢ ճڵ ճժ. » ؾ عʧڢҵ , һ ط»ڻ չڵ ؾ صԡ ǹ ԩڷ Եڻڹڵ ԭڭҳู - ¶ڻ Ծھ, Ծھڵ, ع "ٻ ٻ " ҷԻڭڵԻ ͨਹڵյ. ǵҹ ٪ڶ - Ԫڬ, ʹ "¶ڻ". Ҷ صڵ µڵԸ , صڵҹ - ԻڪԵ ǻڻڻ šصڵø ͸Ԥ, ͹ػҷʹԾھҹڻڵԤس ǵڵ Էҹ س Ҹԯڰҹ ʨڨǨ حڪ ʹ "Էڻ ". ʵ ؾ صڵ ǷԵ. Źڵ - Է ¶صڵڻù ճԡڢٹ Ծھҹʧڢҵ õ յڵ વھ. һ Ҷ ҳ ⡯ʵʨڡ ԤڤԵҵ. ʹһ Ҫ ʵڶ , ʾھٻڷ ٻ, յ ҹҹ . @ԧö: . ʹڸ˹ڶ .. @ ͧ. ԡ. // صڵ .., . ԭڭҳู @ .. .. صҹù .., .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ҹոҵ Ҷҵڵdzڳ [] Ͷ ʡ ҹԹ "ǵ õڵ¤س ʨڨǨ حڪ๹ Ҥ ʵڶ , һ Ҥ ʵڶԵڶ - õڵ¤س §ڡԭڨ - ǵڵھ" Թ൵ Ҷҵڵ "ҹո ٵҹ". ڶ ط ¶ šԵڶ ءڡ һ Ҥڵھ, Ҥ, ¶ - ڵھ, , ¶ ҪҹԵھ. Ҫҹ, ¶ ҹԵھ, ҹ, ­ڨ ˵, - "Ҥ" بڨ. ػڼڸҷԹһ - Ծھ൹ ػ೹, - ҹظԻڵҷԹ ͵ڵ Ծھ൹ ͵ ٪, ʡ ҹԹ ʾھ ǻ ͵ڵ ʷڸ ڻԳڱԵ "Ҥ ʻ٪Ե, طڸ ǵڶ ˵". [] ڤ ¶ ؤڸԻʹҾŹ - ڵھ ʻڢبکԹڷ๹, - . - Ծھҹ ¶ - ڭ Է ʾھءڢԦҵ ڻڪ, طڸҷ , - "Ҥ" - بڨ. ⦻ ¶ ͵ڵԵ Ի ڵھ ൹ ൹ ह, - "Ҥ " بڨ. ʤҶҷ» Ҥ ǵڶ ˵, Ҥ ǵڶ ˵ٵ صڵ. صڵҵ. ʡ ҹԹ Ҷҵڵ Ե ǹڵ ڢԳ ǻ ʷڸ ǻ. õصڵ ص·ʻ , ع յ ҳҹ , ʵڵ , . @ԧö: ., ., . ʵڶڶ .. ԭڨ . ¶ @ .. , . .. ػڼڸҷԹ .. ػࡹ @ .. ؤڸ... .. بکԹڷ൹ .. ⵵ Ҥ @ .,. Ҷ .. Ǥ .. "Ҥ", . Ҥ⵵ @ .. ⵵

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͱڲ Ե Ҫٹ "ک" , Ҫ Ԥ೹ ʡڡù ع ǹڵ ڤҵ . ڤ Ծھڵ ҤҪ Թ " Ҥ ʡڡ ùڵ, " dzڳê ໵ dzڳê ŧ ڭ໵ ڨdzڳʭکڹ ط Ե "ҡ ͹ؤڤ ö" ǹڵ Ҩ. ͸. - ͸ʵ õ, ڨ - ԡڢʵҹ ʡ ʡ ˹ڵ. - ҤҪ ǹڵ ʷڸ ԡڢহ Ҥǹ . ط ʾھõڵ Ҥ , ص· Ծ ҷ ҷҹ ͡, ͹Ե Ҥǹ ԡڢ. ڰ " Ҥ Ҥ ʡڡ ùڵ, " Թ൵ ǹڻھءڢھҷ ڵҵԩڵҹ ءڢԻ. ػ¹ ͡ԯڰǹ, ʡڡ Ծھڵ. ھû Ԩک Ҥ ʡڡ Ԥس, ؾ صڵ ڨ ǹڵ Ҫ . Ҫػڻ ǵ کڵ ڱ ʹڹԻԵҹ ԡڢٹ ڵ طҷ " طڸ ҹ, طڷ ڤ ͯڰª Թڹڨ ŭڨ ԡ ͡Ե ػ ʭک, ªڻҳ ڤ ط ҹdz ʭکڹ, ͡ԯڰǹ, ڵҵԩڵҹ Եҹ". ǵڵ ڸد ԡڢԵ ҹ໹ ү¹ ڱ ڵ ڭ þطڸ շ. ʪڪ ԡڢ "¹صڶ ԡڢ ͵ ʹڹԹڹ". ԡڢ ʾھ . ͵Ǩ " ԡڢ ٪ ٷڸҹǹ Ծھ, һ - ҤǾҹǹ, ͻԨ ؾ @ԧö: .., . ͸-ʷ ʵ @- .. ڨ ԡڢʵҹ ڨʵ . .., .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͻڻڵԨڨҤҹǹ Ծھ". ԡڢ " ͻڻڵ ԨڨҤ ҹ, Ҹ ඵ, ¶ ". :- ٵؾھ ԡڢ ڡ ʧ , ص - ҳ. ط ¹, ͡ Ե ػʧڡԵ ෵ ͡ڵ ͯڰ, Ͷ Ե " ҵ ". "Ԩک ҵ ҳ ڵ Իڻ ؤڤ˵ع". "൹ ҵ , ʹڵԡ ڵ ؤڤ" һ ͷ. ˵ ҵһԵ ෵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ҳ ڵ ػص൹ ԸԹ Ҩ ػʧڡԵ ෵ ͵ڵҹ . Ҩ " ¡ ص" ҳ ڻԨکԵ ʾھ . - ͷڸҹ ෵ - һ Ҩ ҷ ໵ Իڻ ؤڤ˵ ͡ Ҩ, Ҩ ͡ ؤڤ. حڨ ˹ حڨ ˹ ԵԵڨ dzڳҪ ڢԵڵ Թҹ ù ҷԡ Իڻ Ի . ʪڬ ù ҷڬ ʵ, ҹ. Ͷ Ҩ ػʧڡԵ " Իڻ ҷڬ , ҹ ". Ҩ " ҵ ". Ͷ Ҩ Իڻ ҹ ҹҵյ. Ի ҵ ͵ڶ, عڵ. ػʧڡԵ بک Ҩҵ. بک ҵ ¶آڵ. Ի ڵ ਡط ػʧڡԵ بک "ͻ ҹ ҹҶ". ҹҵ. ڻ ԡڢ໶ҵ. ൹ ھڪ, ʡڡ ͻھ൹ ԡڢԵعڵ. - Ҹ ھશ @ԧö: .. ػԻ .. ǵڵ .. ෵ @ .. ԡڢ໵عڵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

Ԩک, - ҹ ҹ໶ҵ. ھવ ڰ વ ڶ "ǹ ʵھ, ǹ - ػԵھ"- ҷԹ ¹ Ҩԡ ԡڢ . ڶ ԡڢ ػڻڹڵ ਡ⾸ ھتڬ. ʡžҳ " ਡط " - ҡ ڤʤڤڻ ڻڹ. ͻڻءǵڵԡ ڵ ԹԾھ, ਡطڸ Ҫ áԨڨ ҵ ˵ ÷ ٻ ԯڰ . Ͷ ʧ "ص , - ǵڵ ҹ" صڵ ڰء ڡ ԡڢԵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ҳ - Ҫ ʹڹԻԵ "ͷڸ - ⡻ صڵ ǵڵ ҹʵյ Թ൹ ڶ - ػʧڡԵ بک " ҳ Ը Ҥ ͵ڶ, ͻ ǵڵ ҹҶ". " ҹ, ʹڵ Գڳ Ƿҹ ä ص ਡطڸҹ ʹڵ ھԵ ਡط ص ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ ԹԾھ, ԯڰһ" . ˵ඹ Ե ÷Ե Ե ਵ§ڤ ڵ Գҹ طڸԵ صڵүࡹ ԡ - ๵ ਡطڸਵ§ڤ ҡԵ - ڱ⵷ࡹ ڵ Իʵ - ǹػ ٪ صڵүࡹ ҡ ໵ ٻ ػ ͵ڵ ڵ ڸԵ ڡյ. ͵յ ʵ ҵ ڨػڻ๹ ͹ʹู - ԡڢٹ - " ԡڢ `ͭ ٹ ൹ ¹ ʧ ', ๵ ڰھ, @ԧö: .. , Ԩک .. .. "ਡط" @ .. .. ڵ .. ʷ ʵ @ .. ʷ ʵ .. ء .. ͡Ե @ .., . ԻԵ .., . ͹ʹู .., .

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

˹൹ ¹ ʧ . ਡطڸ ਵ§ڤ Գҹ طڸԵҹ, - ʹ෹ ͯڰªڤ ˵ҳءگ - طڸ. ڶ ԡ - ͡Գڳ, ʹ෹ ͯڰª ԡ - ͡. ڶ ǹ ٪ , ʹ෹ ª ط ҹһػ ػڼʹڶ ͡. ڶ ڱطࡹ ԻԵ, ʹ෹ ⻡ڢ . ਵ ҡ ûԵ, ڵڨ ڸ, - ʹ෹ ͡ԯڰǹ ҡ ûԵ, ڵҵԩڵҹ Եҹ. Ե ԡڢ ٪ طڸҹǹ Ծھ, ҤǾҹǹ, ͻԨ ͻڻڵԨڨҤҹǹ Ծھ" Ҷ :- "ڵآԨڨҤ Ի آ. ڵآ ڻ Ի آ". - ڶ⪵ԡ طڷҰڰ õصڵdzڳ. ԯڰԵ. ---------- @ԧö: .., . طڸҹ .., . Ԥҳءگ .. ء @ .. ء .. ڸ . . // ͵ڵ ؾھǵڶ


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/pitaka_item/read_th.php?B=17&A=4531&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=17&A=4531&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=7 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=73 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=78 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=78 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com