͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ڨ.)

                        . Ҥڱصڵdzڳ
      []  صڵ Ҥڱصڵ. ڶ ͤҤõ
ͤڤ˵ڵ. - Գʹڶࡵ -  Ҥڱ ҵ  Ҥ
.  ҵ ھԵ ˵ڵ , Ҥ» ػ  
ھԵ ˵ڵ һسʵ. Ͷ  ػ  
Ǥʷ ڸد  ڶ ԡԳҷ ءڡ ͤҤ
Գʹڶá ໵ ʧڤˡóڶ Ի Եڶ.  ʹڸµ
صڵ. ൹ػʧڡյ   ,    ͤҤ ٻ
áԡ ͵Գڳ - Եڵ,   Ԩڨ Ҥ 
ǹʳ յԹ  ʵڶ ڶ ػک.
      ͷڷ   Գʹڶá ڵڵ  ͭ 
Գʹڶá ʧڢԵ - ʭҳ  - ک,  @ԧö:  .. سڳʶ     .. ԡڢҵ   .. ͤڤ
@ .. Գʹڶࡵ      .. ͡Գڳ    . Ե, .. ʧڦԵ
@ ..    ʵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ͤ. ? ڨ š ࡵ ͷڷ "ͪڪ Ҥڱ ԸҤڵ Գʹڶá ÷હ ʷڸ Գʹڶá þ һ ʵ, Ͷ Ҥڵ , ص ʹڵ ھԵ ˵ڵ һسʵ. ʧڤˡóڶ Ե" Գʹڶá ໵ ͤ. ҹٻ Գʹڶá " ͹بکԡ " . - ʭ دҹ. - ˵ڶ ˵ඹ ҡڲԵҹ ෹ ҡڲԵҹ ʹ ˵ҹ µ, ͹ҡ ͦگ - Թ ࡹ Եڵù ԡ ԨکԹڷԵ . ʭ Եҹ, Եҹڵ بک. ٹ⹵ ˵رڲ ҷá. ? رڲԻһŷڸԡڵ. ­ ŷڸ:- ڢ ˵ھ DZವھ, ͷԯ ڢԵھ, ԯ ԡڡԵھ. ʵ ˵ھ DZವھ, ص ʵھ, ص ԡڡԵھ. ҹ ˵ھ DZವھ, ͦԵ Եھ, Ե ԡڡԵھ. ˵ھ DZವھ, Ե Եھ, Ե ԡڡԵھ. ˵ DZವ, ͼد Եھ, د ԡڡԵھ. ˵ DZವ, ԭҵ ԪҹԵھ, ԭҵ ԡڡԵھ. رڲ ໵ :- "ڢع Ҹ Ҹ ൹ ๹ Ҹ Ҹ . ¹ Ҹ Ҹ Ҩ Ҹ Ҹ ʾھڶ ʾھڶ ԡڢ ʾھءڢ بڨ" - @ԧö: .. .. صڶҹ .. ͹ҡԳ @ . . /-/ ԡڢǤڤ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

໵. "رڲ ⤵ ҷ" "ٹ" . ŵ ط ͹Ǫ. Թ ʵ? ٻ ؤڤ ҵ ػ Ҩ - ๹ Ե ػõ áڢ ໵ Ե ˵. , áڢ յ ʵ. ǭ ص ͨõյ ҡ ص Ҥک. آԨکڵ - Ƿ, ص Ҥ Ƿҹ , - آһ ҵ ͵. ͻء⡵ áڢڶ ͹ء - صҵ ͵. ص ҵ ص ص ͻبک د໵ ھھҷչ ˵ ͻ Ե ÷ , Ƿٵ - ͵. [] ⢵ ʵڶ š DZವ Ծھڢع Ҥڱ ڶ Ҥ ͷڷ, Թڹ ҹ ҹҹ Ծھ൹ ʷڷ . ҹ د⵵ һڵ د. Ԥ⤵ յह Ԥ ڻ. ͵ " Ҥڱ¹ ⤵ ûԵ, . حڨԵ ͭ ͵ڶ » ڶ, ʵ ҡ ʷ ԢԳ൹ ʹ". Ͷ ;ڵ յ ػڻڪԵ ǹصٻҹ طڸڤҹ ͡. ൹ صڵ "Ԥ ˯". Ͷ Ҥڱ ԾھҪ ԾھҪ Թڹآ ժ Իҡ ҳ, ʹڹշԵ ʡ⡹ Գڱ ع ʵڶ ʹڵԡ Ҥڵ ͡ڵ շ. ʵ "Ͷ Ҥڱ"ҷ صڵ. [] ʵڶ " Ҥڱ Ǩ" ǵ ڢ Ҥڱҵ ԾھҪ ʹ . ڶ ʹҹ @ԧö: . ҷ . آڵ .. .. @ .. Ƿٵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ٻ ڢ ڢ ٻ. õڵ ٻõ. ໹ ڢ Ե Եڵ ٻطԵ. ڵڵ Ծھǹ. صڵڵ ⤻Ե. áڢԵڵ Եáڢ. صڵ Ե. ҵ Ըҹڶ. [] ԨԵؾ⾵ Եؾ. ٻ˹ڵ ٻ þ ػڻڪ. Ҥڱ Ǩ¹ڵ ٻ ԤڤԵ ˵ڵ ڵ ճ Ǩ ǵڵھ , رڲ ҷ⡵ Է ǵڵھ ǵڵھڵ بک. ԭڨ ⤵ҵ ⤵ ԭڨ ǵڵھ ڶ. ʷػ . [] Էҹ ڨڢ Ԥڤ˵ ˵ڵ ڵ ճ ԭڨ ǵڵھ ڶ, ˭ڨ ڨڢ Ԥڤ˵ ʾھص , ԭڨ ǵڵ⾵ ʵ ҵҷ. Ҥڱҵ ԡ ͵ڵ ڻڵ ʹ . ڶ ⡵ҷ µڶ آ ˵ ʡ Ե, . Եػ . ๵ڶ Ǩ:- , ˵յ . Եػ . ڶ ҵب ˵ ҵԹ, ҵҹҹԻ ҵԵٹ ҵԾٹ, ڶóڨڶóڪڪҹ ਵڶ - ʡ ǯگڵ. ڵ һ Եڵ» ը ˹ڵ, ҵҹҹ ءҹ آکԷڷҹ. س˻ڻʹڶ ԵڵԹҹ ¹ڵ. ڶóڨڶóʹػҹ ๵ڶ سҹ ھҷչ ǯگڵ. ڪڪ ԹԷڸ ءʹڹԵڨ. һ Եڵ» بڨ ˹ڵ. ҵҹҹ ๵ڶ ٹ ԻŪҹ ǹڵ. ڶóҷչ ءҹ ǯگڵ, ڪڪҹ յҹ. ҵҹ ਵڶ ү ໵ ط õ ػڻҷ ʭک෹ڵ. ط¹ڵҹ ùڵ, ʹ ط ԡڢڵ. @ԧö: .....һ໵ڶ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

⾸ʵڵ ͯʵdzڳ ê ⸷ õ ػڻŤک õ - ¹ õ . ˹ ˡ ڸ õ ػڻŻسڱաҹ ໵ صؤڤ˳ڶ ڶ ڶ . ػڼҹ ػڼڵ. ҹԸ ä ҷ Ե ػ - ˹ڵ Ԩùڵ. ͵ؤڸ - ˵. Եڵ ͹ڵ ˹ ໵ ԡҷ ػ ҡʧڤ õڱڶ آکԷڷ ڸ . ͡ ءڢʨ õ. ⾸ʵڵ ط̹ ʨ ҳ Իڵ, ڶԵʷ ˵. ˯ ¹ڵ ǵ൹ڵ, ط Ե ڶ , ʻ - ˵. ⾸ʵ Ż ʵ, Ż ػ, ŻҸ ี. һ ڵ үҹ ǵڶó Żҹ - ص һ õ õڱ کڵ. Ҥ ط ̹ յصآ ͹. ҷ ڵ ˹ڵ, ҡ ҹdzڳ ʡس Ҩչ د ҹ ҷڶࡹ ک کڵ. ک د Ҩչ, صڵ ڢԳ, ڢԳ صڵ کڵ, ͹ڵ ˵. ڵԡ ڨ , ԡ ʵڵ. Իڻյ . ŭਵڶ Իڻҹ, ʾھҹҹԻ Իڻ. ԡһ Եڶ, һҷԻԡһ Եڶ. Ҫ "ٻ آڻڵ ͹ҹ ʧڡ ػڻڪ, صڵ " ʾھԨ Եڶ . õ ⹵ Է صڶڬҹԡһڵõ ʹڸ صڵ. @ԧö: . ػڻŤǨک õ, .. ػڻŤک Ե . ê @ .. ͵ؤ . ڵ . Żҹ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] ˻ ˻Իص ҵ ͵ڶ ڵҹ ʵکڵ ڶ ˵, , ͵Եڵ ʹڵ Ԩùڵ, ˻ طڸҤڵ - ؤڤԵ ڻڵ ͹ǹڵ, ڵ¾ ͤڤ˵ "˻ ˻Իص " . ǯҵ ҹʡ˵ ǯ ҵ ͵. ԡڡڵҵ ԯ. յҵ ͹ڻ, - صڵڻ ਵ:- "ʤहطҷ - ط ط ҹʡ Ծھҹ ʹڵ". - ڻԤڤ - ԯյ Ծھآ Ե ԯ ص ԯ. ͻʹڷ ๵ڶ ǷԵھ:- ˻ ڨ ڤٵ ⾸ʵڵ ڵԵڶ , بԵ õ ʤ Ծھڵ ⾸ʵڵ Թԡڢ ⾸Իŧ ʾھص Էڸ, ڷ ڻڵ ͹ǹ Ҥ صڶڬҹԡһڵõ յǵڵ, ҹʡҹ ڨڹ سҹ ͻڶ Ҥ صڶڬҹԡһڵõ յԹڵ չآ ͻڶŵ. [] آյ ءڢ ک آ . յ Ǫڪص ک ͡ . յ Ǫڪ ǵڵ Ǫહ յҵ ص շ, Իڪҵ ص Իڪ, حڪҵ ص حڪ, ҵ ص , ک . ¹ ԨکԵԨکԵҹ ڵ ŵڶ, ک ٻʹ ǹʹԷʹھʹҷػ ¹ , µڶ µ ڵ Ԩک, ڶ . @ԧö: .. طڸҤڵ .. ͵ڻ . ʤ طҷ @ . . // صҵ () .. Ԥ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

͵ڶһ Է ͻʹڷ:- دԡ ⾸ʵڵ ͤ ʹ, ͧڤá ͡ ǵڶ, ҹ ǵڶٹ, ʡڡ í ͱڲ⡯ҹ ͧڤáҹ ͱڲ¹ү⡯, dzآҹ ੵ ͧڤá Եһ ǵڶػǹ, ʪڪ Ҥ ä ҷչ ๡ڢ ҹ ԡڢ طڸٵ صڶڬҹԡһڵõ յǵڵ, ͭ د ͻڶ õ յԹڵ չõ ͻڶŵ. [] ػ˵Թڷµ áد - ػ˵»ڻ. ػ˵Թڷҵ ػ˵Թڷ. ¶ ػ˵Թڷ د ءڢڼ ͤڤ آԵ Իյʭ ڨŵڶ, Թڷ ػ˵ڵ ءڢڼ آԵ Իյʭ ڨŵڶ. [] بԵҹ ҵҷ ҹ بչ ؤڤڸҹ ٵչ , Էҹ بԵҹ ؤڤڸҹ ٵԵҹ ˹ڵ. Ҩյ Ե໹ڵ ڱǹڵ - ҳ ͹ ʹڵ, دԵدؾھ ڦùڵ. Ҩ ҷڵ ˵. ä»ҵ Ҷ ࡨ صڵ ͵ڶ, ä صڵ, ڶ صڵԵ ä» . §ڡԭڨ ҹآ ڤآ آ ͵ڶ, Ծھҹ ڶ , ڶ صڵԵ آڵ Ծھҹ آ. ͯڤ ڤҹڵ ؾھҤڤҹ ؾھҤ չ ͯڤ - , ڶ ͭ . Ͷ Թڵ ͵ڶ ڵԻ ڵԻ Ծھҹ . ǵ ض ûڻҷ ҵ ŷڸʹ Ե, ʾ չ ڤҹ ͯڤ - صڵ ڶ ͵. @ԧö: . áد .. áد .. ڱǹڵ @ .. ʵ

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

[] Ҩ»Ҩҹڵ Ҩҹ ҨҨҹڨ. յ ͡ Ե ͡ Ե ʷ ˵ Թڹҹҡó. ڪյ ҳ ˯ ͵ù ڪ, "Էڵ ⤵ ä, Էڵ Ծھҹ" Ź Ź ڪ . [] ੡ڵ ʹڹ. - Ũùҵ - ̡ Ũù. ʧڡࡹҵԻ Ƿڵ. Ҩ Ԩکҵ Ź Ź ͹ Ź ڪ Ԩک, ҵ ͵. ؾھҵ ؾھ . Իջ ⻻ ػ Թ Ҷ , "͵ڶԵ Ҷ" Ҫ ؤڤ. ʵڶ ԹԾھ ͻ ԾھҪҹ ͹ڵ ԯ. ⻵ڶ áڢ. - ൹ ͵ ͹ػؾྐྵ ضتڪҶҵ. - [] ⵵ ä. ʻػ . ڢعڵ طڸ Իʹҳ ڤҳڨ. ˵յ . ʪڪ ҵ طڸèèͭڪҷʪڪ - . [] ڢٹ ػڻҵ ͹ڵ ԵڵҷԻ - ڢػ ػ ˵, ੡ Ǫڪ Ҥ ʻڻ ʪڪ ǹ ڢٹ ػڻ෵ . ڨڸ ҵءبک Թҹ, . ൹ صڵ " ڢٹ ػڻ". [] ص ڨ⸵ ҵ ԵڵҷԻ ͹. Թڵ ؾ ص. Եڵ⵻ ҵ Ե ¹ڵ Եڵ . ص»෻ , Թ Ե൹ҵ ǯ ͹ؤԵ൹. @ԧö: .. ڻڹ .. Ԩùҵ .. áڢԵ ʡڢ @ . ضتڪҵ .. طڸè è ͭڪڨҵ ʪڪ @ . ԵڵҷԻู

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ˹ҷ .

ػҷҹڨҵ ͡ʹڸ ʧ ڨҡ , ǯگ Ե. [] ҹظڵ ͹ظ ͹بکԡԻ. ä ڱ ҵ ڨڢ ʵ. ػҷҹøҵ ǯگ ʹ . ʾھڶ صڵҹҵ. ڨٷ ڬԡ¯ Ҥڱصڵdzڳ ԯԵ. ڨ. -------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=9&A=3905&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=9&A=3905&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=13&i=276 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=13&A=4769 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=13&A=5529 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=13&A=5529 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_13

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com