͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ
ö Һѡ .. (ڤ.)

˹ҷ .

. ҷԡصڵ Ԥڰүصڵšdzڳ [] صڵ ҷԡصڵ. ͹صڵҹdzڳ:- Ǹڭ ʡҵ ԡڢ Ǹڭ ʡ. ھ ෵ ھ Իڻ ؤڤ˳ڶ զ ͵ڶ, ڶ õ. ͸ع š⵵ ڻ š. Ǹԡҵҵ Ǹ ҵ, Ҥ ҵ. ڱҷ ڱ ؾھҤ, ڱҷҹҷʹ ڳڵյԡڡʹ DZڲԵ . " Թ Ҫҹ" ҷԹ ¹ طڸ Ǩ . Եطڵҵ Ԫڬڵ. Ե Ǩ ͵ڶʭԵ. ͸ԨԳڳ Իǵڵڵ ͸ԨԳڳ áǹʹ - س, ҷ Ҥ Իǵڵ. - û ⷵ ػ û. ҷڻڢҵ ڵد ҷ ٤ - ػʧڡԵ ҷڻڢڶ صڵ Ԩ. Ծ ҵ Ͷ ûԵ ͵ڵҹ . յ ʡ. ҵ ó. үصڵٵ үصڵ ͹. ԾھԹڹٻҵ ءڡڰԵ ҷҷչԻ ùڵ. õڵٻҵ Ԥ. ҹٻҵ ʡڡڨ ǵڵ. ¶ҵڵ ¶ áڢҵҷ Թ ԾھԹڹõڵҹ Եھ, ҵҵ ͵. áڢ൵ ءڡ. ػڻǷ൵ ؾھԭڭһ. - ͹ػǵڵ൵ Ҥҷչ ػ ҵ . Թڹ໵ Թڹԯ. - ͵ڶ үص ԯڰహ . Թ . ൹ صڵ "Թڹ". ͻڻ೵ ǹ ó. @ԧö: .. áǹʹ .. ǵڵ .., . ٤ڵ ʵ @ .., . ԭڭһ .. Թڷڻԯ

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үص ̹ڷ, š⵵. ػԹ ˻Թ Էڸʨਹ Ҷ طڸ ص س Ե . Ͷ ͼء ˵ ͤ. ڶ . Թ " ŷڸ ͹ҹԡ Ե, ¹ڵ ڰ, ʪ⹻ ͻ» , "ʹ ͹ҹԡ" ǡڢ, ʷڷʹڵ, ¹ڹٹ ǻ ͡ù ؤڤ, ڨ¹ ͭڭڭ Ƿʹڵ, ʵڶ ҷ Ԩڨ ͡ ʵ, ʹ ˹ڵ ҹʹڵ". Ͷ ͹ ػʧڡԵ " ؾھ, Ҩԡڢ, Ҩ»ڻҳ" " ڨ¹ ʵڵ " ͻû ػʧڡ, ب੷ . ǻ ͡ŷڸ ͡ ҹҹù ؤڤ໵ . áԨڨ ʹڹԻԵ ͭڭڭ بک " Ҩ Ҩԡڢ". دԵ ˹ڵ . Ҩԡڢյ. ʵڵ. ͻ ԾԵ " Ҩԡڢ" . ʾ " Ҩԡڢ, યڰ" ͭڭڭ ҷ DZವ ͡ ˵ڶҷڻҷչ ǵ൵ ͡ह ͤکڵ ҹҷ ͻڡ. - [] Ͷ ع طʵ ʹһ ԯڰҵ. ԡڢ ͹ػڻڹ "ع ط" طҨԵ ᯠطҨ. ൹ صڵ "ع ط". " د ¹ , ¹ ҹ ൹ٻʧڡ" ػʧڡ? үڻص šൻ ھط ڶ ڶ ǵڵ "Ԥڤ үڻص ʵڶҵ @ԧö: .., . ڡ

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ڭԵڶ, š ǡҹ . ⤵ ھط ҡ, ǡһ ҡ. շ ⤵ ԹԾھ ǡҹ ʵ". ص Թ " ˵ ʾ , ʵڶ ͵ ͵ڶػڻڵ ͡ ʹ ʵ". ԡڢԵ ¹ , ¹ ҹ ൹ٻʧڡ. ҡҹ ʹڹڵ . ¹ ҹⷵ ت ʹڵԡ ͤڵ ¹ ػڬ ҹ ൹ٻʧڡ. طڸ Իصڵ ҹڷ ͭڭڭ . Իصڵ " ڵھ - ʵڶ ػڰҹ õ" ҹڹ . ҹڷ " ǡҹ ͤ" Իصڵ . ŷ ھવ Իصڵ ʹڵ ػڬ ໵. - Իصڵû ͡. ͡ࡹ ͵ڵ ڵ ھવ ػڬ һԵҹ ڨ ڨ ԡڢʵҹ . ҹ յҹ ҷչԻ Ե ෵. - õ٪dzڳ Թ "طڸõ õ ٪ ڭµ, õ ٪Ե - ˵". ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ ͵ڶ بک. "਻ õ વء, ͡ ص ". ص Ҩԡڢҵ. ԡڢ بکҵ. ԡڢ - ػʧڡԵ "ص Ҩԡڢ" . ҹڷ ҵ. ʤڦࡹ Ԩù . @ԧö: .. ҵھ .., . .. ͷ @ .. ҵ ʵ .., . ԡڢ

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˵ ʹڵԡ ͤ. " ҹڷ ŷڸ" . ࡹ ೹ Թڹ, Է Իصڵ ҵء. ҹڷҵ. ԡ ڡ ൵. Ҥ յ, ԡڢһ ڭڵڵ. Իص Ҥʵյ. ൹ ൵. "͹تҹ ҹڷ ˻ ͵á ԡڢԻԵع" ԡڢһ ڭ. - Իصڵû ԭڨ һ , ҹڷ ෵. ͵ڵ ԯڰҵԡ ʷڸԡ ͷ. ൹ صڵ "¹ ػڬ ҹ ൹ػʧڡ". "ػڬ һ, ʵڶ ʵ, Ͷ ʵڶ ٻ ʵ". һڵ . ŭ "" بڨ. ¶:- ͻڻࡹһ ൹ Ԩڢ دڰ໵ ͵ڵҹ ͳ ͤڤ ʹڸڵ. - ǹڵ ʹҵ ǹڵ ʹڶ. ๹ ԯڰؾ⾵. ԯڰؾ. ­ , õڵ õ ͡ ͯڰ ػڰҹ ک. ʵ ڵء ⹻ ͡ó ک, ͡ طڸ ˵ ک. ൹ һ൹ ڵء . ھطڸڻǷԵԹdzڳ [] ǭ˵ عڷ ˵յ - ҹڷù èൻ ҹڷ , عڷ . - ҷڬҹ ҹҵ. ൹ @ԧö: .., . ڭ . . // šʯڰԪҵ @ .., . .., .

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ʷڸ ඹ "ǭ˵ عڷ ˵"ҷ. ʵ:- عڷ ǭ˵ ˵ áڢҵҷ Թ ǡ Ǹԡҵ ڱҷչ آʵڵ Եطڵ ùڵ. Էҹ ͹ҹԡ ҹԡʹ ҡ ˵, ҷ ͹ҹԡʹ ʹ Ը عڷ ʵڶ ˵ ھط⸵ҷ. ڶ ǡڡ ǵڵյ ùڵ õ, ͡ڡԵ ͡ڡԵ ͹ڵùڵ ǵڵյ - ͵. ҵ ҹظԻڵҷ . ŷڸڵ ʵڵ ŷڸ. Իڪٵ Իڪ. ¶ ʵڶ ⵵ ¹ ҡù ʵڶ . ҷ໵յ Ҩ ҷ໵. ­ڨ ҷ໵յ ͹ ҷ໵. ҷ⵵ ҷ ͹. ¶ Ҩ¹ ҷԵ, ڶ Իڪ. ʾ ൵ » . ͵ڶ Ҩ ҷԵڵ ͻحڭ ǵ, ҷԹڹ ҷԹڹڵ, Իڹ Իڹڵ. ൹ صڵ "ʾ ͻحڭ ǹڵ". ൹ػ¹ ʾھ ͵ ǷԵ. [] ͻਵڶ »Ի⹵ óԻ. ʵյ ó Իڼʵ. յ ͵ڵ ءڢԾھڵ õ. صڵ ˵ "áڢ ԡڢ Թ ÷ڸ, ءڢ õ. , آ õ". ھطڸڻǷԵԹҷdzڳ [] ͹ҹԡʹ ʵ Էҹ ҹԡʹ ʹ Ը عڷ ʵڶ ˵ ھط⸵ҷ. ڶ ҹ⡵ ڤڶ ŵڶ ҵ. @ԧö: .., . ǵڵ

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[] յ ͵ڵ آԻڼҷ . صڵ˵ "ҡڢ ԡڢ Թ , ءڢ õ. ÷ڸ, آ õյ. ǡҹصڻʵڶdzڳ [] Ե ҹԡ һԻڹ Żصڵ ҹ - ʵ ع ʹ DZಹ Ը عڷ ʵڶ طҷյҷ. ڶ ԭڭһԵڶҵ ⾸Եڶ. ʾھʧڤ˻ڵ ʾھʧڤ˻ , ʾھʧڤԡ ˵յ ͵. "ʾھʧڤ˻"Ի , ʾھʧڤ˻ , ͡ʧڤ˪ҵڵ ͵. ʻڻүáڵ ҹԡ. յ š š ػڻԵ. ͹ص ˵յ ͹صһ ˵. ǡҹصڻʵڶdzڳ [] ʵڶ ࡵ - Է ͹صڻҡ÷ʹڶ - صڵ. ͹ص ˵յ ʵڶ Ҥ ڵھ, ڵڵ ͹صһ ˵. ͻԻҷԡdzڳ [] õ , á ڹҤ. "õڵڭ"ҷչ صڵڶ. ҵ - ˯ڰ ص. [] ڵ¤ҵ ڵ ˵ڵ Ը ¤ , ڵҵ ͵. ڢҵ ʷڸҵ آ Եڵ ʷڸ ҨԡڢԵ ڶ. @ԧö: .., . .., . ʵڶ @ .. ͹صһ÷ʹڶ .., . յ

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[] ⹵ ҹ ǡ. ⹵ ʵһڹ. "Էڸ"ҷչ һԹԾھ ԵڶԵ. ڤʤڤڻڵڵ ڤ ʤڤڨ ڵ. [] ʹڵ عڷ ͵ ԡڢ ǡҵ Իصڵڤҹҷ . ԡڢعµ ػڻdzڳҷ. - ػʡ ǡ ͷҵʹ - ⹵ Եڵ˻˵ڶǡҷ. ⹵ ͹ҶԳڱԡ͹ҶԳڱԡҷ. Թµ ڷҵҷ. Թµ تڪصڵҷ. [] ʾھҡڻڹڵ ʾھóڻڹ. Է ڵ Է , Է ˵ع ¹ Ƿ . طڷطڵ - طڷ ط. ʵյ ʹ ʵ. Ҫ بک. " ҹ Ҩ " ص " ʻڻ ʵ ⶡ Թ൵ ʡڡ ඵع". ڵ ʡڡ ඹ ԭڨ ʵյҷ. ڶ ҸعԵҵ دڰ Ե ԢԳ, عԵ ڭµ, ڭµյ ڶ ͵. ʧڤԵھdzڳ [] ʧڤ Ҥҵ ʧڤڵ Ҥڵ. ͵ඹ ͵ڶ ­ڪ๹ ­ڪڵ ͵ඹ ͵ڶ ­ڪ๹ ­ڪ ๹յ ͵. ʧڤԵھڵ ਵھ ʪڬԵھ. ¶Է ¹ڵ ¶ Է ʡ ʹ. @ԧö: .., . ػڻdzڳҷ. .., . ͷҵǵڶʹ @ .. طڷط, . طڷ ط

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ʭڭ໵ھԸdzڳ [] ਵ , . ͵ڶ Ԩک ҵ, ­ڪҹ Ԩک ໵յ "ڵ ʵԻڰҹ" ͵ڶ "ʵԻڰҹ" ͵ڶ ҵ. "ʵԻڰҹҹ" ­ڪ ໵. ͵ڶҵ "ʵ ʵԻڰҹ" ͵ڶ ڵ "ʵԻڰҹ" Թڹ ҹ ­ڪҹ, ط "ڵ ʵԻڰҹҹ" ͵ҹ ­ڪҹ ػڹҹ չҹ. ʭڨ - ­ڪҹڵ "ڵ ʵԻڰҹ" ­ڪҹ "ʵ ʵԻڰҹ" ֹ ͵, ط " ʵԻڰҹ" ͵ⶵ. ͵ڶҵ " ʵԻڰҹ" ͵ڶ. - ͵ҹյ ҹ - ͵ҹ صڵҹ. - ʵ ص. ෵⾵ ͵ ­ڪ ҵھ. ෵, ͻ෵. ʭڭ໵⾵ ҹ໵. ͵ڶҵ "ʵ ʵԻڰҹ" ͵ڶ . ʭڨ ڭڪҹڵ "ʵԻڰҹ" ­ڪҹ. ʹڵҵ ڶ óڶ. Թ ¹ ʾھ ͵ ǷԵ. [] ҷʹڵ ҷ. ͵ڶ໵ڵ ͵ඹ ໵ ͵ڶ ԭڭҵ. ­ڪ໵ڵ ­ڪ ໵ ­ڪҹ ԭڭҵ. ͵ ԡڢ ʶ. ԡڢ ҡ , ط عڷҵ. Ե ص ԡ ͵ڵ ໵. ڨҹحڭҵóҷdzڳ [] Էҹ ⵻ صڵԵ ʹ DZಹ عڷҵҷ. ڶ ԯڰԡ Ը ڨ˵ @ԧö: ., . , . . ҹ, . @ .. ҹ, . ., . , .

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ػڻڪ . ڻԡ ڱ˵ ػڻڪ . ҵ ¶ ʹڵ, Է˹. Ԧҵҵ Ŧ൹ ˹. յ Ԧҵҵ ҡ յ Ԧҵ ڶ. Է صڵ ˵, ͹حڭҵ, ػԵ ڻ ҹ ҹ ʶҵ ͹حڭҵ, ػԵ յԦҵҷչ آ ¹- ԡ ʶҵ ͹حڭҵ, ¶ , Գڱҵҷ». ͹ػdzڳ - ๵ڶ طڸ صڵ ǷԵھ. آԡҹ¤dzڳ [] آԡҹ¤ڵ آ¹ҹ¤, - آǹҸصڵڵ ͵. ࢵյ آԵ õ. ೵յ ճԵ õ. ճھڰҹdzڳ [] ͯڰԵҵ ͯڰԵ. - ͵ڶյ Ԩکڵ, ඹڵ, Ҩ ڤ ඹڵ, Ҩ Ҩ Ծھҹڵ ͸Իڻ. ҹҵ ʾھڭص೹ ҹ൹. ʵҵ ڨ ڢ ʹ൹. ͹ػԯ. عԢ⵵ دڰ Ԣ. ʵ ճ ǯڰҹҹ - ͪڬҨԵ . ͪڬҨ - ͨ - ڻǸ. ڶ ʭڨԨڨ ҳ Ե ûҷ ʵһڹҷ» ھ. ʹڹԸԡá حڪԵعڵ ǵڶء ʡ ʹڹԸ حڪԵ . ¶һ ؾ Ҥԡ⵵ ¶ ؾ حڪ, حڪԵ . @ԧö: .. ͹ػdzڳ .. آ¹ҹ¤, . آ ¹ҹ¤ @ .., . ԯڰԵ .., . ҹҹ .. ͹ڬҨ, @. ͪڬҨ .

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Ҿҡódzڳ [] ͤ ʹڵ ʵһڹҷ Ǫ Ծ­ڪ๹ ԯڰڵ. ճ ˵ڵ ԹԾھµ ھ . ҵҪԡҷ Ǩ صڵ ԯڰ. ? ǡڰҹ . ǵڵ ˵ڵ һ ԯڰ. - ʹ Ҥ. Թڹʵڵ ԡڢ ǷԵ. ͵áڵ ͵ ͻԨ੷ ˹ڵ. ͹Ҥڵ ͹Ҥ ͷڸҹ þ ڭ໵, ͵յ ⤵ ҹҵ, ͹Ҥ. ͵ ͱڲڡʵҵҹó - ڭµ. ͹Ҥ ͹ó ڭµյ ڶ ڭҹ . Է ٵ ͹Ҥ ͻڭһ ֹ. ٵ ࡹ ೹ ͪҹ ͹Ҥ ҹõ, ͹Եء ҹõյ. ͭڭԵࡹ ҳ๹ҵ ڨڢ ʹڶ ʹ൹ ೹ ͭڭڶԵࡹ ೹ ͭڭ þ ǵڵҹ ҳʹ ʧڤ˵ھ ڭ໵ھ ڭڵ. ԯڰ صڵ Ҥ ʵ Ե ҳʹ ڨػڰԵ ڭڵ, ҷʭڨ ҳ ڶ. ¶ ;µڵ, ڭڵյ ǷԵھ. ʵҹյ ؾྐྵҹʵڻصڵ. ǵ ҡڢյ µڵ ҵ Ԩک, ڵ ҹյ ҳ ʵ. - Ͷ ؾھŻڵ ڢԵڵ - ͻڻ˵ ͹Ե ҳ ک, ൹ ǵ ҡڢ ǵ ͹õ. ⾸Ԫڵ ⾸ ҵ. ҳ ػڻڪյ ڤҳ ػڻڪ. ڵ ҵյ ൹ ೹ ҵ չڵ ع ڵ ҵ. ڶԷҹ عǵ ͻ ҳ ػڻڪ. @ԧö: .., . ʷ ʵ .. ͱڲڰ... .. @ .. ڢڷ, . ڢڵ

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͹ڶʭԵڵ Ըšڶ šڶ Ե. Ҥ ҡõյ õطڸյóʷ ͹ҹԡ Ҥ ඵ. ٵ ک ͹ڶʭԵڵ ҪҷԵèکҹ. ŭڭ Ҥ ˵յ ҹҵ. ˵ء ʡó صڵڻڵ ඵ. [] Ҥ⵵ بڨյ ¶ ¶ Եھ, Ҥ⵵ بڨյ ͵. ԯڰڵ ٻµ. صڵ ʷڷµ. صڵ ص ˵ھ ڸµ µ ⼯ڰھµ. ԭڭҵڵ آءڢҷԸµ. ڵڵ Ե ͻԵ ڵ. Եڵ ڵ ͻڻڵ Ե. ͹ԨԵ ҵ Ե൹ ͹ʭڨԵ. "Ҥ൹ ھطڸ" Թ ͵ ʵ, ­ ͻҳ šҵ ǡ š յڵҷ ٻ ڢط һҶ Ҥک, " ʵ ٻ ڬ " ʾھ Ҥ ھطڸ. ͻҳ šҵ ǡ š ʷ طԧڤʷⷵҷ ʷڷ ʵ һҶ Ҥک. Ť ⸵ҷ ڸ ҹ һҶ Ҥک. ڸʵҷ ҷ һҶ Ҥک. ڢ طءڵҷ ոҵ⪸ҵ- ¸ҵ ⼯ڰھ · һҶ Ҥک, " ʵ ⼯ڰھ Ե ڬ " ʾھ Ҥ ھطڸ. ͻҳ šҵ ǡ š آءڢҷ ⹷ һҶ Ҥک, " ʵ Է ԪҹԵ ڬ " ʾھ Ҥ ھطڸ.

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­ عڷ ʵڵҹ ԯڰ ص ص ԭڭҵ ڶ Ҥ൹ ͷԯڰ ص ص ԭڭҵ ڶ. - Ҫ Ե ڵ ͵ڶ, Ե ͻڻڵ ͵ڶ. ͻԵ ڵ ͵ڶ, ͻԵ ͻڻڵ ͵ڶ. ʾھ Ҥ ͻڻڵ ڶ, ೹ ʨکԡ . " Ҥ⵵ بڨ". ҹ - ¶ ڵ "Ҥ" بڨ. ھطڸڵ صڵ, ʷ෹ ͡ڶ. Թ ¹ ʾھ "Ҥ" Ԥ ͵ ǷԵ. صڵ ҤʷڷԵڶ صڵ. ;ҡڰҹdzڳ [] ͵ڵ ͹صڵõ ʾھڭص Ҫ ඵ Էҹ "ضҹ ŷڸ ͭڭҵ ͷԯڰ ڶ, ʾھ ҳ ͹ ǵڵ" ˹ҷ ҹ ๵ عڷ Ԫڪյ ҷ. ڶ Ҥ⵵ ʵ. ˵ ͵ڶʭԵ ԸššڶʭԵ ˵. ʭԵڵ šصڵøԵ ˵. ҷԾ¡ڵ ԡڢڵʧڤԵ ʡʹ ҷٵ ˵. ҡڰҹdzڳ [] Է ءڢڵ ⢵ҷ ໵ ԡ Է ءڢڵ ҡ. ءڢ ԡ ԡ ءڢطµ ҡ Թڹ ͻڻǵڵ ءڢ⸵ ҡ. ءڢԪҹ ط» øʨکԡ ءڢøԹջԻҵ ҡ. @ԧö: .. ʷ ʵ .., . ҹڵ ʵ

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"͵ ͵ڶʭԵ"ҷ ͵ ԸššڶԵ šصڵøԵ ʡʹ ҷ ҹ ؾھڤڵ . ؾھڵˤԯڰԹdzڳ [] Էҹ ¹ڵ ҡ, ͪҹ൹ ҡڵ ʭڭ. ҹ "͵ ҡൻ ͵ ڶ" ҡ. ¶ ҡҵھ, ҡҵ ˹ҷ ع » عڷҵҷ. ڶ ԯڰ ԯڰԹ, ԯڰԹԵ ԯڰԤԡҵ ͵. Է ʨڨڵ Է ʹ ʨڨ. ڭڵ ͭ Ǩ . õ . [] ҵ . ͵ڶ Է بڨյ ͵ڵ ҵ بڨ, Էڶ ط ڶյ ˹ بکյ ͵. ­ڨ ٵ "Է ʨڨ ڭ" Ƿڵ, ҹتҹ. ڭڵҵ ԯڰԻڭڵ. ڵ ೹ . ·Է ͸Իڭڵյ ͸Իڭڵ . ͵ڶ صڵԵ ͵ڶ. ڶ ­ڨ صڵ "ڭڵҵ ­ڨ ͸Իڭڵ" ͵ڶ ͡. ڭڵ ͸Իڭڵյ ˵. ڶ ڭڵ ԯڰԻڭڵ. ͸Իڭڵ ڸڭڵ ҵػڭڵ µڭڵ Թڷ»ڭڵ ʨڨڭڵ ؤڤŻڭڵյ صڵ ڭڵ. Ը ڭڵҵ ͵ڶһ ڭڵ ͸Իڭڵ ͸Ի໵, ͸Իڭڵյ ͵ڶһ. ڭڵһ ͹صڵ, ͸Իڭڵһ ͹صڵ. ൹ " ڶ ·Է ͸Իڭڵ".

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ͻùڵˤԯԹdzڳ [] ҹҵ ˹ڶ. - ԡڡҵ Ǩ. Եҵ Ե. ڭڵҵ Ե. ʵԻڰҹǹ ԹԾ ʾھ Ҷ - ԯ "طڸʧڢûح Ը ʵڵٻž" ʹڹԯڰҹ ʾھԯڰԹҹ ҹ ˵յ. ൹ صڵ "ԯڰԹҹ ҹ ԡڡ ڵ ʵԻڰҹ Ե ڭڵ". ʾھڶ صڵҹڶҵ. ҷԡصڵdzڳ ԯڰԵ ------------


öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/th_line.php?B=6&A=2357&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=6&A=2357&modeTY=2&pagebreak=1 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=11&i=94 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=11&A=2537 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=11&A=2684 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=11&A=2684 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_11

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