͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (ڨ.)

                       . ػҷصڵdzڳ
     []  صڵ ػҷصڵ. ڶ ̹ڷ¹ڵ Źڷҵ
    ⤨ä . ԡھ๵ ʻԡʯ
ھ.    ҹ ,   ʹ
ص ǵ ʹ   دųڱҷԻڱԵ 
  ,   ǡھǹ  ԡھǹ
ʧڢ .  ԡھ õյ ͵. զյ զڵ -
ŷڸ. Գڱҵԡڡ⵵ Գڱҵ ԡڡ.  
 - µ Գڱ⵵  ͵ڶյ ڶ.
     ໵յ ʵ ໵. ڱҹ ໵յ Է Ԥڶ¹
بک . ·ڱ Ǩշڱ ⹷ڱڵ ͵ڶ ڱ ⶡ -
@ԧö:  ..  ʷ  ʵ          .. ١ʹڵ       .. զڵ
@ ..                      .. 
ͨԵڵ ໹ڵ. ¶   ¹ Ң ŵ, ط ŵ, 
 ڶ Եڵ ͵ڶ,  ·ⱻ ͨԵڵ ˵. ¶  
¹ Żڳҷչ - ʷڷ ùڵ, ط ʷڷ õ, -   ڶ
Եڵ ͵ڶ,  Ǩշⱻ ͨԵڵ ˵յ  ڱ ͨԵڵ
໹ڵ. Եڵ  ⹷ڱڵ ໹ڵ. Ͷ  Ǩ
ԯ໵ء "  "ҷ.
     ڶ ǵڶԹڵ ͵ڶ  ǵڶ.  ԯյ
͵.    ? ʵ   "  
ҷ ڵ ͵ڵ ʵڶ ҹԤڶ ʵ, ʭڨ ʵ
ػ ˻ Թ,    ص  ҷ ໵ Ҥʵ,
  ,  ԡڢڵ ó ʵ, Ͷ ڵ ʨڨҹ
,  ʨڨڻʹ ʵһڵԼ ԯʵ, 
ʧڤ˵ڶ    Ե". ڶ ʹ .
     [] ҹ յ Է Ԥ طڸ¹ بک . ¡
Ǩա ⹡ڵ ͵ڶ · ҷҹڤ˳حڨ⨻ڻڵ -
ͯǨáਵ ҷ͡ਵҵ ʵਵ ¡
. · ҷҹҷչ ͻڻ Ǩշ Ǩ һҹ
ػڻڹ  ʵਵ Ǩա . · ⨻ ͻڻڵ -
⹷ ػڻڹ ͡ٹʡਵ ⹡ . ͻԨ ʧࢻ
Ը ·بڨԵ ¡ , ؾھԸ ǨշبڨԵ Ǩա
, Ը ⹷بڨԵ ⹡ .   ص  ,
͹ڵص "ڵҹ سڳ ҹ   ԭ ʨکԡ
ǷԵҹ" -  Ҥൻ ਵ . µڶ ڶ  - ǵڵ ਵ
" Իҡ"ҷ . Էû - "ʾһڬ
@ԧö:  . dzگҷչ  .. طҹ ʷڷ ùڵ  ....حڨ⨻ڻڵ
@ .. ͻڻ  .. // ءڡǵԡصڵ
@ ..  ʷ  ʵ  .. Է 
ʧڢ ʧڢõ"ҷԹ ¹  صڵ. · ǵڵ 
Ը ¡ڵ ͸Ի໵, Ǩշ ǵڵ Ǩա, ⹷ ǵڵ
⹡. ൹ صڵ " ص  , "͹ڵص ਵ".
   ڵ ໵ ¶  ص. ਵһ, - ¶
"ਵ ԡڢ  Ƿ, ਵԵ  õ". -  
ਵ ڵ صڵ? ਵšڵ .
     ͵ڶ  ͡  ¡ Ǩա ˹ڵڵ Ƿ 
,   ⹡.  ҵئҵҷչ ڵ ҹ 
ػڡԵ  õ,  ڻԡ  Ǩշù õ.
 ͡  ¡ Ǩա ˹ڵڵ Ƿ   .
͡  ҹਵ յԡڻҹ ʤڤڻڵ ˵, ͡
ڤਵ ʾھ ͡ ؤڦ௵ ˵ڵ ҵ.   
⹡ ˹ڵڵ Ƿ   .     
͡  ⹡ Ǫڪ Ƿ µԨکҷԯ ʹڸ Ƿ.
 " ԡڢ ͭ ͡ ػ,   Ǫڪ,
¶Է ԡڢ Ԩکҷԯ, ԨکҷԯԻҹ ԡڢ Ǫڪҹ". - Էҹ
Ԥⶻ Ҥ൹ ڤ Իڪ ԭڨ ͵ڶԻڼڵ ͻʹ⵻
"  ⤵"ҷ.
     [] šҵ ػ  š -  ͵ڶ,  
 ˵ - ˵  Ҥ,  "͵ڶ  ҡ ʵڶ
ҹԤڶ "    ڶ ͤ.  ʹڸ
صڵ "š ", šԹҵ ͵. ػԻڻآҵ
ػય. ͻԨ šҵ ǵ ʹڹҵԻ ͵.
@ԧö:  .. ਵڻ  ͧ. ڡ. /()/ Ǥ,.. //
@()  ͧ. ͡. // Ǥڤ  .. šųä  .. 
ػԻڻآҵ ػԤ˻ ڶ ⶡ ʻڻ,   -. ൹һ صڵ "ػԻڻآ". ˹ڷҵ Ǩµ - Ի.
ǵ . ԡҵ ˹ڵ. ػԸҵ ػԡڢԻԵ. Է
صڵ ˵, ·ڱ ʹڵ ԡڢԻԵ "   ˹, 
˹"  š  ⹷  ,  ʵ,
 , ػԡࢻڵ ڻ˵յ ໵. Ҹ Ҹ  յ
զ Ҹء ෹ ൵ үصڵ Ż.
     []      بڨյ  ͵    بڨ.
յ ҡ. ǯگ¹ڵ ǯ௵ ˹. ǯ௵յ
ǯ௵ ԡڢԻԵ ˵. ک  ˻յ  ҹԤ
˻ ǵ Գ? զ  Ծ? ҹԤඹ 
ǵ ʷڸ ͡  ػ ù൹   ԯؾ. 
 ʵڶҷԭ ˵,   ԭ ͻڻ طڸ .
  طڸʹ ŷڸؾھڵ ʾ ʹڻڵԭڨ
ҹԡǭڨ ͪҹ ǵ Գ. զ  Ź
 ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ ԯԻ շԻ  بک,  Ҥ
ʹڻڵֻ ҹԡ ҹҵ. Ͷ ͵ " ˻-
ڱ  ⤵ ʹڵԡ - ڵ ๻ , ҹԡ
صһ .   ع ҡ ʹڵԡ Ҥ". 
ǵ Ծ.
     ෵ҵ ǹڷԵ. Ҥ   ʹڹһ ͻڻʹڹһ
¹ ǹڷڵ, ͻڻ  ǹڷڵ. ? ͵ب   
ͤ ͪڬʹ⵻ ǹڷԵҵ.   ˻ ʹڹڵ ǹڷ,
  ʹ. Ҥ  Ըҵ Ҥ   Ը.
@ԧö:  ..         . Ǩҹ, .Ǩµ      .. ʹڵ
     [] Ҹ Ҹ  յ զ Ҹء ෹
൵ ǹڵ Ż. ʨ ԯҵ  ⡯Եҳ 
ͨŹ Ǩʨ ԯԵ.  ⹵  ҡ.
     [] Ըҵ  . ҵ . ⵷ ԡڢԵ⵵
Ԥ ʵڵʭ ⵷ ԡڢԻ.  ʹڸµ صڵ. ʵڵ
 ҵ  ʵڵ Ťڤ ŤڤԵ. ⹻Ծ⸵  
Ծ ص  õ,  ʵ  ػڻڪյ ʵ.
  Եڵ - ʵ. ൹ ˷ Ե  ˵ڶҷҷ-
ǹڶ  ͵ڵԭڨڶ  ػ๵  ǯگ,  ǵ
˵. ⵷ ǯگ, ä ٻ.   ˷ ǵ, 
 ͷڪԡ ǵ. Ե൹ - ⵷ ҵء  حڪԵ-
  ˵. ൹ ⹷  Ԫڪ.  ·ڱǨշڱ
áڢյ ⵷ ҵء  حڪԵء  ⵷ ෶ҵ ǵڵ
 ˵. -   áڢԵһ ·ڱǨշڱ ص  ʹڸ 
ҡڲԵ  ʡ⡹ڵ. ⹷  Թ⹻ صڻ ʹڸڻ
ҡڲ. Ե   ؾھ ·ڱǨշڱ  ,
⹷ -  ˹⵵ Ƿ.
     ʻ ػʡ ͵ "بکʹ ʭٵҹ ʵڵ
ʻ ڻǵڵڵ, ԵڵʹڵԻǵڵ   ҵ 
بڨڵ. ·  Եڵ ڻǵڵ,  `  Ե ໶ҵ
ǵڵھ һڪ. ·  ;һ,  Ǩշ. Ե
  صԻ ʹڸԻ ˵. ԵԻ ⹷ ˹. ԪڪԵһ
صԻʹڸҡڲ  ˹. ҡ   ҹԤڶ 
͹ҹԡ" š.   ԨԵڵҹ һҳҹ ʵء
  ͹تҹҵ.
@ԧö:  . Եڵ, . Եڵ          .. Ե൹  
@ .. ˵                          .. ⹷
        ʹڸµյ    µ.   کڵ
"· ˹" Թ Ǩ๹ Էҹ "⹷ ˹" Է
Ǩ. ک  ڵ ൹  ک ͷ Ǩ  µ.
     [] Էҹ  ͭҹԻ óҹ ù " 
"ҷ. ڶ ҵ⵵  ҳԻ໵,  ҳ-
ҵµ,  ҳԻҵ ح ˵.  ͷԹڹ ҷµ,  ͷԹڹ
ҷ໵,  ͷԹڹ ҷ ح ˵.   ,  
໵,    ح ˵.  Եʵ,  Ե-
໵,  Ե ح ˵յ Թ ⡯ʹ ù
. ͵ڶ  Եڵ ڨس.
     ʾھ⵵ Եʾھط, ԡڢԵڵʾھ⵷⡵ ͵.
  ⵷ ʵڵʭ ˵,    ŭવ. Ͷ ʾھ-
⵵ ʾྐྵ һ೹ Ե. ʾھص⵵ ʾྐྵ һ-
೹ ص. ʾھԸ⵵ ʾྐྵ һ೹ ص. ʾھԼد
ʾྐྵ һ೹ . طڷ  ʧڦҵ һ෵յ طڷ 
Ǹ һ෵.   ͡Թڷ ҳڵ - Թڷ ҳڵ ໵.
ءڢڱҳڳʡڢáҹԻ  ໵. ڶ طڷ
طԹڷ طڷ , ˹ڵ ˹⵵ ʭ ˵.  ʹڸµ
صڵ.  ໵յ ڶ  ⡯ ໵. ⹷ڱԹڵ
⹷ڱ⡯ ൵.   ػ   šࢵ -
"ҡ ҹԤ `ʭਵԡ ͻڻǪڪ, ʭਵԡ -
Ǫڪ' ໵ ਵ ⹷Ⱶ ໵, ͹ҹԡ ͵
,  ҹԡ".
@ԧö:  .. ҳ                   .. š
     [] Էڸҵ Էڸ. յҵ  ͵Էڸ ʾھԼ .
ҡԳڳҵ ҡ. ҳҵ ˵ڶҷ èکҹ 
Եڶջʷáҷ ʪҵԡ . ͡ʢŹڵ ͡. حڪڵ
 Ǩ. Էڸҵ ҹڻ. Իڻ⵵ Ե
ǻڻ.  յ ԡ . ԭ  ͡
 ̹ڷҵ Է   ˻ "»ڻह 
 ͡ ̹ڷ ͡ʢ ҵ  ʡ⡵, Էڸ  
 ⹻ʹ  ҵ . ҡ ҹԤڶ 
͹ҹԡ,   ҹԡ" š.
     [] í íٵڵ ͤ í ص íҵ.
չ ⹻ʹҵ չ ͵ڶ ൹ ⹻ʹ.  ⹻
ҹ ǵ ҹ ïҹ ԹԵҹ. šԡ   
ʵ Թٵ ڵ.   š  Է
ҷû ڵ ǷԵھ.
     ڶ ڱíҷչ  íٵ ҹԵ:- ڤ-
⾸ʵڵ   ͵ǻŵ  Ǩ  һ ʵڵ
͹ ǡ ڶ   ⤸յ ԧڤï
ڱí    ػ Ҫ ǡؾ
õ.  ʹһ ػ ˵.   ͡ ԡ ö Ե
ڨʵҵؤ -  ػҹ Ԩõ. Ҫ 
š õ Ԩõ, ն ڻ˹ڵ. Ҫ ҵҹ
Ե     ҵ بک. ҡ Թ ҵ.
  " ͵ Ե -   ʵ"  ҹڵ
ͨکԹڷ.
@ԧö:  .. ڨҵؤʵ        . Ե, . 
        ൹ ൹ - ʷڸ ʹڶ  ҹڵ ҹ
͡ Ҫҹ Ե ڡ⡯ ھš  ҳ
Թڹ һ  - Թ "ԯ ǵ һ ͹ڪԵڱ,
ԡ  آ Ե. ع  Ե  ک ".
Ͷ  ػڻڪ " ࡹ Ԩਹ Ԩ, ­ڨ  šڳ
ԯ, ط ö, ͡ڢչ " طڵ ໵ ڵ
ҷԵ һ  ԳڱԳڱ  ൵ ڵ ڶ
ԻԵ آ ԡڢŵ ط һ ڶ ԭڨԵ " 
͡ڢ šڳ ԯ, ҹ ⸵ҹ ԻԵ" ԡڢڵ.
     ʭڨ Ҫ ʵ Ե "  Թ" بک.
  ҵ. ҹڵ ෶ҵ ҹڵ .
 ؾ ء  ŷڸ ҹڵ һ  ̻ҵ๹
ŷڸڵ ʭ ͡.
      Ի˨ڨ¹ - Ҫ Ե ҹڵ .  -
Թ ʹڵԡ ڵ "Թ Թڵ  ҹڵ " بک.
"  ͭ ҵھ ͵ڶ, Ҫ ͹ڪԵšڳ ٯ
 ͵ڶ,    ,  ҹڵ " .
 "  Թ" ڶ ڵ  Եʷ ʾھ 
ԡڢ. Ҫһ  ʵ Ե "  " بک.
  ҵ. " ͹ػõ ,  ҹڵ
෶" . ʻ حŹ Ե - "һ  ̻ҵ๹
ŷڸ " ʭ.
      Ի˨ڨ¹ í ڨ ػ. Ҫ ڨڵ ٻյ
çڤԹ ʹ ԡڢ.  ڵ í  @ԧö:  .. ࡹ  ..   .. Իʨڨ¹, ػԻ  . Ե
Ҫ" ǵ "Ҫ  µڶ ک" بک. 
ҵ.  ʹ Ҫ ͹ڪԵšڳ  ٯ
ʵ,    ൶ҵ. Ҫ  Ǩ ˵ ¶ ԡ
 ൹  ,  ʾھ õ - ฻ ҳ "͵
ٯ   ൶".  øһ øšһ 
͡. Ͷ Ҫ ҹ áڢ ໵ "í ʷڸ ԡڢڵ
ʾ һ   ͻ൵ ԡڢԵ  ڵ" ҳ.
Ͷ ʾ š  ʹ    һ ػ ̭ڨ
ڵҹ  آԡڢԵطڨ , -   ڵҹ 
ʡ ǵڶ.
     ʹһ ʾھک سԵ "  ʵڶ ǹڵ حࢵڵ
ʤڤʻҹ  گ" ҵ˷ ࢹ ʹ ह Ҫҹ
ڵ - Ҿʹڻڵ   ک ڸԵ  ˵
ڵ ͻԵ - ءڢԻԵ շ໵ ط ໵
໵ ʾھ  تҵԤ   ؾھ௵ آүࡹ
حکԵ  ͭڪ    " صڵ  , 
 ʵ". ǵ ʹһ Ը Թڹ, ͡ڨ  "Ҫҹ
" Ƿڵ, ͡ڨ "ʷڸ  Ҫҹ", ͡ڨ
"í Ե - ʾھ ". Է ǵ   һ ͻڻڵ -
⡻ ͡ š ʹڵػ Ҩԡڢ  "ͻ  ˵,
ͨڨ  ʵ ҹڵ ҡԡ ˵".
     ʹһ  Ե í ʹڵԡ ڵ Ҫҹ ǹڷԵ
"Ҫ  һ Էڸ һ ͻêڬ  
, ǵ  Ը Թڹ  Ƿڵ" ʾھ ਵ "һ
@ԧö:  ..   . آԡڢŹطڨ , .......һ
@ .. Ҥڵ  .. ڵҹ ͻԵ  .. í ԪԵ
@ .. ͻڻڵڻ
 Ҫ ҡԡ ˵, ï  ʶ, һ ໶" .
Ҫ ͵ڵ -   һ  ෵ "  ".
ʹһ ǵ ҨԵ ͹Ԩکڵ  " Ҫ һ 
ҹ,   ٵҷ, һ ػ, ʵڵҹط¹  , ໶
 Ҫ".  յ. ൹ ʹһԯҹ ͭ ෶, 
ҡ ҳһǵڵԯ  յ.  ¹ ک,  
ʹһ յ.  ʹһ һ ʹڵԡ Ҥڵ ǹڷԵ
" Իڪ " . ʹһ   Ǩ سڵ, ʾ
ʻԡڢ ʸ ʷԻػڻ ˵ ʵڵʾڵ êڪ
کڵ, - ǵ ͵ ػԵ  ï - ʹڵյ. ʹһ
 ͡.
     Ҫ ڶ  - Եڵ   ٻ Ҥ
¢ڸï շԵ  Ԫڤ໵ ͹⵹ . ǵ
 طد ҵ. Ҫ ͵ڵ  "ٯ ͻ÷ڸ
 ҡ í رڲ, - Ե , Ҥ 
د". ǵ ع ػڼد ҵ, Ҫ ͵ڵ .
ǵ ع ʡد ҵ.  һد,  һڶ 
ԡڢعڵ - ҹ ˵ڶٻҷٻҷԡڱد . Ҫ
ʵڵԡ ⵻ ͵Ե óҹ Źڸ ͵ڵ .
"˵ ǵ ٯ ̻ҵ,  ػ ̻ҵԵ 
ҡ í رڲ ҵ, Եڵ , Ҥ  ,
 د ʡد һد ڱدյ  د
ҵ" ͵ڵҨ Ԩکõ í  ح .
@ԧö:  .. ͵ڵ     .. ک    .. ïڻ  ï    .. 
@ .. DZڲ   . ԡڢҵ
       ǵ ͡⵸⵸ҷչ ҹڻҹ ظҹ
Ҫ ػԼ  ⡯گҹ  ҵ. ڵ յڨ
յ ءػڼdzڳͧڤ, ڵ ٯҤûڻ , ڵ
͹د ʳ˹ آԡ һҹ յ˵ڶؾྸ  ͡.
í ԪԵ Ǩکһ ʹһ ҵʡ  ٵ
ä . ҹ   ڤٵҹ èکҹҹ ҹ¯
ҹ , Գ Գ.  ¹ ҹ ¹ Գڵ کڵ
ͻڻ ʵڵ  êڪ һس.  ൹ ڤ⾸ʵ:-
                   "ʭ Ǩک ǡ ڱ
                    بکԹڹ ʪ ï
                    ءڡŹ  ڨ
                     ԧڤҹ ڵ ". -
                  ڱí íٵ ǷԵ.
     ԧڤï  - ԡí êڪ  ǵ ڨʵһ
͹ԵڶԤڸ ͪԹҡø ǹżڢ ص  յԹ
ųھǹڶ ʻ ͵Ե ͹ػؾྐྵ ԧڤï ԡí
 ڻڵ.  ҪԹҡҹ ʳ໵ ھԵҹٻ ػ
ҹ  ԡڢ .  ͹ػڻ طڸػڻ һ-
ھ  ʹڹ ʪڪҹ Ը ˵ڶ ԡڢҪ ˵
շ໵ ԡڢ ڻ෵ ͷ. һ ڵԨڨ ͹
͡.  ص ʹڹԵڵ " ڵ کڵ" بک.
¶Ҽءҹ ʵ.  ڶ ๹ Ҫ ʶ,
 صڵҵ Ҥڵ   ҵ. һ ͸ʵ
ҹ ͤ. Ҥ صڵҵ طڸǵڶǵڶ طڸصڵʧڤ -
" " ʧڦʧڦդٵ - ҹآ ͤ. Ҫ
@ԧö:  . . // ڤҵ ()      .. 
@ ..    ʵ                     .. ʧڦ  ٵ
ػԻ    ک  ػҡ بک " 
 Ҥ طڸǵڶǵڶ طڸصڵʧڤ ص ҹآ کڵ,
 ͵ڶ ڪ  ү  ͵ڶ". ڶ ,  һҹ ʹڵ
 - ʵء کڵյ. ൹   ک,  ʷڸ
کڵٵ.  Ҥڵ -    "Ҫһ ڵء, Ҫҹ
õ ک". Ҥ һ ͵ڵ  ص "ҡ
Ҫ ʷ ͻڻʹ , һ ԡ,  Ҥ Ҫһ
 ʵ" ͵ڵ .
     Ҫ ԡڢԵ   ҹ ڵ һ ʷڸ
ʹڶ  ͡ڵ շ. һ Ҫҹ  ԡ 
͡ һ "í  - " ʭ,  һ 
ࡵ ڨ  ҷչ ڨ   ҹ ඹ:-
              ˹ڵ, ͷԹڹ ҷҵھ,  ԨکҨ
      Ե,   Եھ, - ڪ  ҵھ, ҳҵԻ
      ǵڵ ˵ èکҹ¹ǵڵ Եڵǵڵ,
      ͷԹڹҷҹҷչ. ҳҵԻ  ڨԵ š
     Ҥ Իҡʹ ͻڻءǵڵ ˵, ͷԹڹҷҹ
     ͻڻǵڵԡ, ԨکҨ ʻڵǵڵ, 
     ٵڢҹǵڵ, ڪҹ ڵǵڵԡ"
     ڨ   ҷչ .
     Ҫ һ ʷ ͻڻʹ ,   š
 ءڡ  Żʹ  ˵.   Թ " `
ڤ' Ҥ,    Ҥ   ௹ڵ
@ԧö:  ..         .. ڵ         ..  Եھ
Ԫڬڵ  ඹڵ,   ڵھ".  -
 "Ҩ    ԡڢ ˶" ൵ ͤ.
 ص· ˹ ˹  - ໵ ٶ ໵
Ի  آҹ ڸ໵ ڶ ڶ , ع ء-
ŹҤһԨکҷչ -  õ ʳڶ ,  
 ڸ ˵ ؤڤ ໵ ໵  "ٯһ
͵   ,  ҷ ͵ó  Ԩک ʻҹ-
ڶ  ʪવ  ؤڤ   ˵ ʻ
Ի". ʻҹҷ   ءڡ ڸ.
     һһ " Ҫ حڪ" ͭ Ƿ "
Ҫ  ʧڡ ʻڻ, ھ  ʭ
Եھ, ԯԯ  Եڵ  ˵ھ, ڢط 
ڨػ໵".
     ع ԡڢҨ šࢵ ҡ ʵ ͪԹ
͡ʤ Ե ҡһ ʳ໵ ԡڢҪ ˵ Իү
Ҫʹ . Ҫ   ٶھآ Իڵ
. ؤڤ һҹ ʻد Ե ڶاڤҵҡûڻ
. ҵһ Ҫҹ . Ҫ "Ͷ -  Ƿڶ حڪڵ
 ùڵ , ҡ ͵ ͹بکԡ,    ڤյ -
Ҥ,    ௹ڵ Ԫڬڵ  Եڶ, ҡ
Է ͹بکԡ, حڪ" ҵһ اࡹ ٶ ػ. һ -
 յ Ƿ Թǵڵ. "͵ڵ کʶ " ʻ 
Ԩک ʪڪ໵ ҹ ʭ.  ؤڤ ҹ
  ˵ ʻ Ի. ⡻ ʻ ԯҵ ʡڢ,
ǵڵҹ ʻҹҷ һس. ڻ ڻ ڱءڡ
@ԧö:  .              .......ҤŻԨکҷչ     .. ͵ڶ
@ .. ڤյ       .. ҵһ
ҵ حڨҹ ҷ. »  دԵ µ, ʻ 
, һ  ءڡ ͹ؾڸԵ  ҷڵ. Ե  ءڡ
ͯʧڢԡ .   Ҫ ڻ ڨ һ
͡ Ե .
     Ͷ ï ǵ  ع  د . 
ï - ʯªؾู ءŹ ǨکҷԵڶ. ൹ 
⾸ʵ:-
                    " ʭ ھ  -
                        ͷ
                       ع õڶ
                     ʧڤ ҷڵ Լڷҹ" -
      ԧڤí íٵ ǷԵ.
     ͵  ҳչ ԯڤԡ  ڵ⡯
ʯ ͡ յ  ʹ ҷԡ.  ٻڻڵ-
ڻڹ عڹ ڶ .    µڶ Գ -
ڵ ҹ ҵ  ˵ڶҷҷ  µڶ ڶ  ໵
"  تڪ ʳ"ҷչ ǵ "ö " ໵
"ٻ  ͷڷ, ط ö, ͡ڢչ " ͡ڢչ ǵ.
 ԯ ԯ Իڻ ໵ ໵յ ԯڤԡ  -
ʧڢ طҷ, Ź ͹ڵø.
      ͡ ڤ ط յ Եڶ ʪڪ໵ ٵ
ҷ  ʡ ໵ ٹ ڸҷչ ҷ Ԩکڹ-
ҹ  ҵԤص  ԡڢ. ൹  ¹ һ
ڱ¹ Ծھ Թ  ʵ, ҵ 
@ԧö:  .. êڪ     . ǭڨ             . . // ()
@ . µ, . Գҵ                 ..    ʵ
.  ط ص ࡹ ó¹ ͹⵹
Եء ͡ Żŵԡ ʵ ͡ ˵ ڸԵ ࡹ ˵ඹ
ک, ࡹ ڱ ˵ "ö , ڱ˹" ҹһڶ
  ù ըԵڵ ڨػ໵ ԯԯ   
Ե һ Իڪ.
     ԯڤԡ ڱʷڷ ص ҳ͹ڵù ࡹڵ 
 Ҥکڵ  " ͵" بک. ҵ µ. " ǵ 
͡ ͡,  ʹ, Թ    ڨػ,
ڤšԨਹ  کҹ ڱ ͷڷʹ"  ໵ -
Ԥبکҹ  ൵ ҵ  "ह ط ö, ڱ
ԯ, ͡ڢչ   Եآڨ " Ե ö ǵڵ໵
ʾھ ҷҹ  ʵ ҷ . ʳڱҷ  
ػҡ  "  ԯڤԡ, »  Ҥک"
بکڵ  ǵڵ ص "˹ڵ ǵ  ʤڸҷԻڳҡ -
ڱ  ͹Ե  , - ˶ ڱŹ" ҹ
Ե ûҸ - ҵڤڱԵ વ - " ҵڤ  
ԷڨԷڨ ʡڡ ͹Ե  "  ˵  ൵
ҹءڻûҳҷ ⡯௵ ⵵ ʭ  ˵ ڲڵ
ʧڡá .
     һ ͭ Ե ˵ڶ Ե "Է ءڢ 
 ػڻڹ" Թ൹ " ͭ ڨ, ԯڤԡ 
ػڻڹ"  "ʨ ,   " - Թ൵
Ǹ ԯڤԡ ŷ ڵ "ԯڤԡ  د,
ڵ ͵ ó" ˧ڤ Իڪ. ൹  ¹ ھٷ
@ԧö:  . ໵   .....ʡڡ    .. 
@ .. һҸ  .. ڪԵ       .. Իյ
  ˵:-  ڱ تڬԵ  Ի õ,
    ʹڵ, ʾ ڱ ˹ڵ. ڬ  ʾ
,    ͹ڵԡ, ͧڤ  
ʵڵ  ʵڵҵ طڷ ʾ ڱ ˹ڵյ. ⾸ʵ
 ͧڤ Իڪ.
     ʯ  "ҵ   ˧ڤ ". ک
,  óҵ ǵ ͡ ʡ  د໶ҵ.  ڵ "
 ʡ ˵ د" - Ƿ.  " ʡڶ Ի,
ԯڤԡ  Ի" . ԯڤԡ  ʵ. Թڵ -
   ʶ, û    ʹ һ,
  د,   دյ.
      ڵ ʯ . ʯ յ  "ک,
͡ һ ෶" . -  " Ԩک һ,  -
Ԩک" .  ص ʯ  ʯ  "͡  ¸յ,
dz  ͭ ⡻ ڶ" Ǥڻڵ "ک ҵ, ⡨
ҡ ˹ ͵ Եһ , ͵   ʾ 
 , áڢ ˶" õ áڢ Ը Ҥ
 ڵ  ,   ʾھ ԡڢԻ.   
, , , ڵ, ڨ  .
      ʵڵʵڵԡ د " ʡ   
ڱ Ե,   ʶ, ҡ ԡ  ͵ د໶"
.  ʵ  ʵ Գ,  ԡڢԻ.  
 . ʵڵ   طڷԡ ʹڹԻԵ " 
ڱ Ե ʡ, ҡ ͡ҹ  ͵ ԡ "
.
@ԧö:  .. دҵ     ..        .. ʵ      .. 
     ҵһԵ ʡڻԵ ʭ ص  Ի. 
طڷ ҷ  ػڼԵءҢ ͨԹڵ -  
ʾھóҹ حڨԵ  ڵ   ڸԵ ү
ʵ ˵ Żŵԡڱ   Իػگ Źڸ໵
Żڳک  ҷ ͵õ -   ˵ "
ԡ ˵ " һ ͷ.
     ػڻ ͵õ ͹ءڢԵڵؾھ آŷԡ "د 
ک" . ⾸ʵ Իڹ  " د". Ͷ
Թڵ Ƿյ. "د -  ҵڤҵ   Ƿ".   Ǩ.
   دҹڶ  ͡,   ˵ دյ.
  ͡. ⾸ʵ د˹  ǵ൵  Ե
"Ե  ԯڤԡ   ⡯گ໵, Էҹ 
⡯௵" Եڶ.    ҵ.  ˵ ˵ د-
յ.  د໵ շ໵ ک յ. ک  í ˹ڵ,
 , ͵⡯گ  ,  ʡ  ڵ,
ԯ  յ.  ͹Ե ԯ ͷ. ⾸ʵ . 
 յ. Թ յ.  Ҩչ ڵ "Ը  
ʹҹ" بک.  ҹ ͵ڵ. Ҩչ յ. Ҩչ
ڱŻصڵ Ե  ڵյ ͵ڵ ʹҹ ͹ҨԡڢԵ ʾھҹ
Գڱ. ?  Ǥڤڻڵ ҹ յ. Ҫ
ءڡد "໵ ҷ ͭ ͵ ҹ ڶ".
      ک  "Ը   ʹҹ" بک. 
ҹ ͵ڵ. ک յ. Թ ù ԡڢԵ 
ࡹڵ کҵ.  ڶ ڵ  "Է  ҡ ʹҹ
". ҵ ԯ ͵Ե  .
@ԧö:  .. ػػڼԵءҢ بکԹڷڵ   .. ͵໵   .. د
     ڶ ʵڵ ʹ ʾھصʹ ͵ڵ  
ҵ - ͡. "ҡ յ    ˹ڵ   һسҵ,
  - ʵ طڸҹ ͹. ͵ ҷǹطࡹ
ʡŪھٷ Ҫٹ ʡԨڨ " - ع Թ " -
ͤ ʹ  ʡڢ, ھԵ  ʡڢ". Թ൵ 
 "ԯڤ  ؾ ͡  һ ͡һ ʡڡ
Ե, Էҹ  ó Իڹ,  ͡  ʡڡ Ե, 
 Ҥک,   ءڡ" - í Ե ҹҷ
ڵҹ ʧڡڲԵ ʹػ  ھڪ ھԵ
͡ ŷڸ Գԡ  ͯ һڵ ڨ ԭ
 Ծھ൵ "Էҹ ʡڡ ԯڤԡ ¹ -  Եع"
ҳ ڵ  ػԵ ԡڢ  ԯڤԡ
 ͤ.
        Ե  ʭڪҹڵ "͵Ԩک , ڱҹ
ʹҹ ͵" . ⾸ʵ  ͯ.  عڻع
ࡹڵ ʭڪҹԵ ˵  Ե ҹ ҷ Ե
 "   ͷ Եڵ ͵ڶ,   ˵  ໵
͹Ҷ ͡". ҹڻ  Ե ͡ڢչ حکҹ
د ԡڢҪ ˵ ͹ շ໵  ԡڢ  ͷ.
һ ڵԨڨ   "ԯڤ  ʨ  , 
 ҷǹطࡹ ʡŪھٷ Ҫٹ ʡԨڨ õ ,
  ͡  Ǩ ,  Ե `   ڱ,
Ҿ  ' ؤҹ ʡŹ ".
@ԧö:  ..     ҵ        ..           .. յ
@ ..       ʵ     .. ءڡԵڶҵ       . 
      ص ԯڤԡ "һ   آ ʹ
ڵ,  ʡڢ ǵڵع" . ⾸ʵ "   
ͤ ʹڵ ԡǨ صؾھ,  һ ԡ  , Էҹ
ھ  ǡڢ, ʨڨҷ  ˹" ǵ "ͪڪ ڢ
ͯ,  ` ʵڵ ͨڨ¹ ʶ   Ҿ
ڷڱ ԹڷԵ  ʹڵԡ Ҥʵ' ʡŹ ؤ" ǵ
ڡ.
      ʷڷԵ ˯د  ص  ҵ  Ե
 ؤ.  ҳԹ ҳ ùڵ "ʶ, ҡ ԯ-
ڤԡ ڱŻصڵ Ҿҹ õ" ʹڵ  ùڵ. 
عʻ   ҵ Ե "Էҹ ˨ڨ¹, ڨ, ,
 , ͡˨ڨ¹   Ҿ ڷڱ ԹڷԵ
 ʹڵԡ Ҥʵ" ؤ.
      Թڵ " ԯڤԡ ͵ ص ඵ, Ҩ
 , Ͷ  ԯڤԡ ʹҹ Ԫڤ" 
Ҥ ڵ ک໵ ԡ ͡. һ ʶ 
 Ե "ͪڪ    Ҥʵ" ؤ. 
Թڵ "    ͻʵ, ͪڪ  Ҿ Ҥʵ,
ʹҹ Է"  ڪ໵ ԵٻԵڵ  - ˵-
ǵ ԡڢԻԵ  ŧڡ ͵ڶԵ ػ Եҹ ڸԵ -
ڸҷҹ .  Ԫڤڵҹ  ͵ڶڤ.
     һ  ؤڤ ԭһҷڬҹ һڪԵ
د ǨèԵ൹ ԡ  ԷڸԨԵ൹ ҷªԡ ڵ-
 ໵  ;ؤڤڵ ڷҹ ͹ Ե ǹڵ
@ԧö:  ..     ʵ          .  
;ءڡҹ - ڷ ԹڷԵ ڷҹ   ص "Ҫ
 ʵ" ͸ԯ. Ҫ  "ʨڨ  ԯڤԡ Ǩ,
Ҥکڵ Ҿҹ " ڸ ҷ ԯڤԡ
 õ ͯ. һ ڶڶࡹ ʵڵ ҳ
͹ػԤڵ Ҫ๹ ԯ  ҷªԡ ͵ڵ ԪԵ
ʻڻҳ ໵ Ҫ ʹڵ  .
Ҫ  "͵Գ  Ҿ, ҳ ö" ʹ
ҳ ԡڢԻԵ õ .
     һʻ ¹ շ. ԯڤԡ  ͯ. Ͷ
 بک "ص  ԯڤ".  ҵ.  Թڹصڵ
յ ͧڤدࡹ ڱ .    ԯ.
һ "͵ڵǵ  ԯڤ ҷǹط ʡŪھٷ Ҫٹ
⡷ ʵ,  ԯ" ǵ ڵ ໵ ʹڵ
Ҫ ԡڢԵ  ͨڨؤڤڵ ڷڱ ԯ. 
  һ  ҵ. ҷǹط   ڶ.
      "һ ͹⵹ " dzڳԡ
໵  ʵڵ⡯ ͻطڸҵԡ ԡ ˵  ͷ.
ʪҵڵ  .  ڸػڼҷ વ - 
Ե " ʡڡ  بکԯ һ Ե, ǵڶ ˵
 ,    µ,  ڱ ʵ" ڱ
.   ڢػ  ǹڷԵء һ  ǹڷԵ
ڵ, ǹٻ ǹڷԵء ʵ  ڵ, ʹ ԡ ǹ-
 ǹڷԵء ڨʵҹ  ڵ, ҷԯ  ໵
ǹڷԵء   ڵ, ҷǹط ڶҹ ҹ
@ԧö:  .. ;ʡڡҹ           . હڵ
 ڵ. Թ ͹⵹  ڱ Ҥکڵ ŷڸ
⡯ʵڵ .
     ʡŪھٷ ʧڢ  ʾ Ҫ "һ ҷ-
๹ ʡ " ʵ ʵ . ڱ ʹڵ
دҹ . һ Ԩڨ ŷڸ ҷ  šڢ-
ڻ. Ҿ ص ⵵ ʡŪھٷ ͡ .
  ˵ٵ   Ҥ ⡯ - . ͵ڵǵ
ʹ ԯԵ.  ó ҵ ʹ ʪવ 
⸷ࡹ ໵ ŧڡԵ ڱ ҵڵ ڱ  ͡.
      ࢹ DZڲ Իڻؤڤ˳»ڻ - ʡŪھٷ
Իڻҹ  ʹڵԡ - Ҥڵ Իڻ ԡڢ໹ڵ.  
 ص ص صڵ س  ҵ, Ե Ե dzڳ
ڢԵڵ  ԯ. ǵ Ҩؤڤ µڵ ͵ڶ, ൹ ͹ؤڤԵ
 .   õ ùڵ, ʻ  - .
 յ ҹ Ԩڨڵ حڪڵ.  ʵڵ-
⡯ ˹ڵ .  ڤŷ ھٷջ Ե ⡯ʵ-
ڵ - .
     ⾸ʵ  Ǫ  "    ͻڻ".
Ͷ  ǵڵ  " , µڶ Թڹ ˻ڼ ˵,
  ҹҵ, ک  "  ػԵ ԡڢҪ ˵
"⡯ ͵ھҸ,  ʡڡ ⡯ࡹ Եع" ҡʹҤڵ
յ ҹ حڪ ҡʧڤ ͵. ڱ-
û dzڳک ໵ "Ը ٻ ෶ Ը ͷ"
໹ ⾸ʵڵ  ڱࡹ گԵ  ػԵ 
Ҷ:-
@ԧö:  . ⡯ʵ          ......»⵵      .. ʹڵ
@ .. , ػԻ      .. ⡯ڵ
                        "  Ҥک  -
                        ͤ - ػҨ
                        ʧڡ حڨ 
                            ͷڢ". -
Ͷ  ʵ ͡تڬԵ Ƿ :-
                        "͹ڹ  Է -     -
                          ڪ  حڪ    
                        ҹ      ÷ڵٻ
                        صڵԯԳڱ    ʻ" -
  Է  ҷҹ  µڵڵ  ʹ  :-
                        "͹ڹ  Է -      ҹ
                        ͵ڵڶ -  ʷڷ  Է -
                          ͵  Ը
                          ҷ   ڵ  ". -
      Ͷ ⾸ʵ "ҹ  ʤسʻ Ԥڤسʻ  ʨ
ҵھ, ¶  Թ๻ Ż ԯһԵ ժ  ʭڨ
Ҥ ڻڪ,  Իڼ  ڶ, ࢵ ǻԵժ  سǹ
˻ڼ ˵" ʵ  Ҷ:-
                       "  Թ  ǻڵ ժ
                         ͹ٻࢵ ҹ -
                         ͵ ʷڸ  ҹ
                         ͻ Ҹ ڢ".
      Ͷ  ⡸ "ࡹ سڱ  Թ"
áڢҷ વ:-
@ԧö:  . , ա. ػڻ,                ա. ͡
@ . . /--/ ҵڤҵ ()   .. Ƿ   . Թ
@ ..        .. ͵ڶڶԵ       . ҹ
                       "ࢵڵҹ  ԷԵҹ 
                         ժҹ ԯ
                          ҵڵٻڹ
                        ҹո ࢵڵҹ ҹ"
Ҷ ǵ "  dzػù   ˵ ʵڵ
⡯ ͵ԡڡԵ  ö" . Ͷ  һ :-
                       " ࢹ      ҷ
                        ҵǷ      ". -
     ǭڨ  ǵ "  ˵    ໵ ءڢ
ػڻ,  ͻح " ʵڵҹطµ  ;ؤڤڵ
͹ڵն ͵.  ʾھص  ڶ ʹ  Ҷ:-
             "Է ǵҹ ҵ       ʨڨáڡ
              ͹ڵԡڢ ڡ       ҹ طԡڢ". -
       áڢԡǵҹ યҪ ڱ  ǵ.
 آ ǵ൵ کآ ҵ, ͡ڢչ ǵڵҹ, ࢹ 
,  ڸ  ûԵ  . յ Ԩá ¡ڢ
յԾҹ  ͡. ह ڵ һ è,
 ҹٻ Ҥڵ  Իڻ  :-
                     "Ե - ԯ صڵڤ
                       õ ͡
                      ʵҹ ͡ڢչ ¶ 
                         صڵ ǹ".
@ԧö:  .. // ҵڤҵ ()   . . // ҵڤҵ
@()   .. ǸԵ, ػԻ
      Ͷ :-
                   "ԸҤ  
                    ͤ ػҨ
                    ʧڡ ح 
                       صڵ ǹ".
       ص ͭ " ʷ  ͹ءڻ صڵ
ڵ  Ҥ ʵ".  ػ بک:-
                   "  ͤ Ի
                    ͡ڢҶ  ҳ ͵ڶ
                    ڵҹ  ԡ ͨڨ
                    ͻ  صڵ  Ե".
       :-
                   " ͤ Ի
                    ڸ ڳ 
                    Ͷһ -    ͤک
                    ʨڨڻԭ  Ҹ".
      һʻ ͹ڵն ͵Գڳҹ  " ŭڪ
˵ڶҷչ ʹ  ͹ڵø, - ԯڤԡ  ʵ, 
ͭ" - ͸ԯԵ Գڱ Ե һڵ ⡷ ˵
ԡڡ Թ حڪԵ ⶡ صڵ ԡڢҪ .
ԯڤԡһ ҷ  ͹ڵն Իڪҹ - ŭڪ 
"Է  ʷ¡  " ҹùҤڵ ǹڷԵ
 " ҡ ʹ һҸ  ,    ⡸ԡ
, ෶  صڵ Ե". ǭڨ  ǵ:-
@ԧö:  .. ͻԨһ     .. ͹ڵøԵڶ      .. ͭ    .. Իڪҹ
                     "Ե ԯ صڵڤ
                       õ ͡
                      ʵҹ ͡ڢչ ¶ 
                         صڵ ǹ"
Ҷ . һ  "  ٻ , ھԵ  ʹ
 ھ ʤ ٵ¡ڢǵ  ʵ".
        ҡ ⹻  ˵, ǵ  ˵,
آһ  ǵ, ͻԨ   Իڪյ. ൹ ʸ
 .  ԡڢҪ صڵ ڵڶ, ڶ ⶡ ط
ԭڨԵ ⶡ ˵  صڵ  ڢԻ,  طү
ŵ յ ҹ  ڢԻҵ.   յ
ڵ ˵ һ ǹڷԵ ڵ  ͡.
       ڢԵڵ યҪ "  ʪڪ ù
  ʡڡ ԭڨ ҵع"  ʪ. ʻ ԻԵ ԭڨ
ءڢ ͻڻڵؾ  dz . Ͷ  ҵ Ǩ "
ҵ  ٻҹ õڵڻԵҹ Իڻ,   -  ٻ
˹ڵ,  ҵ ".  ʡ طү ໵
ҹ  ڢԻ. ¡ڢ  ʪવ . 
ԻԵ ԻԵ دԵ  ҡ  ڢԵڵڵ بک.
ҵڤ بکԯڵڵ.  "ڱ بکԯ ҷһԵ,
; ҹ ҵ, Էҹ   `طڸ '
Ҥ -  ʹڵ"  Ե ڬï ڵ ڬҪ 
ͤڤʹԡ   ¹ڵ Ҫ حڪڵ.
@ԧö:  ..                       . , . 
        ⾸ʵ һԤڤ ù ҹҵ ¹
Ԩõ.  "ҵڵһ   ʷ ڶ" ͭ ʭ
 õ. ⾸ʵ  ڤҵ ҹ  "ҹԤڤ "
ڶ ͤ.  ҵڵһ بک "  ǹ". ڱ 
Ҩҵ.  ڱ  ڱ, ˯Ҥڤ ,  ػԤڤ
ط بکԯյ.
      ⾸ʵ "Ҹ Ҩ  صڵ " ˯Ҥڤ
ʹ "ڤ ط ʵ ʹڷ" ͸ԯ. ҵڵһ
 ڤ  ط Ҩ,  ǵ. ⾸ʵ ڵ
ҷ ԳڱԳڱ  ط ൵. ڵبکԯ 
˵. ¶໵ - ͭڶ ŤڤԵ һ  Ťڤ, 
͸ԯ.  ڵ һ  ԯҵ.
      һ ڱԷ  ʵյ Իڻ ص ڵ
بک " ڱ Է ڤ ط  ʵԡ". 
Ҩҵ. ൹   ˯Ҥڤ . ػԤڤ ҵ. Ҹ
Ҩ,  صڵ յ ڶ ʹ Էڸ Ի,
ط ¶Ҥԡ ҵ. ع һ  ʹ һس.  ع
ڵ ⾸ʵڵ بک " ڱ  Է ڤ ط Ź
ʵ Ź ͹ʵ ".  Ҩҵ. ڱ 
آչ ھԵҹ ࢹ Ե  , ʵڵ   ʵڵ
طڸ ŵٵ. Ҹ Ҩ,    ؤڤڵ  յ.
      Ͷ ʵ Թ "͵  ͵ ػ ʵ,
áڢ ". ʵڵҹطµ ع Էڸ  ؤڤڵ 
ͷ. Էڸ Էڸ  ͨԹ,   سؤڤ. -
@ԧö:  .. ¶ ਵ                 .. سؤڤ
 µ, õڵԹڷǻԨ ڶ, dzԪڪҷչ ҹ હ
 ڶ.
       "¡ڢǯ    ٵǵҹҤػڳǯ"
ػڷǻڻڵ "Թڹ  ҵھ" Թ൵ "Ҫ  һ,
š Ե Թ൵ ʡ⡵, ڶ ک" Ҫ ڵ ڶ
. Ҫ ص ⵻ յҡ  "ҵ  ¶, 
ó ڤҵ ҵڵһ ҹʵ,  بکԵ ԡڡڢ
" Ի - ͵ڶ  ʷڸ һ ػʧڡԵ
ʹڶ ڶ بک. һ  " Ҫ,  ڱ
͵ڶ,   ڤ ط Ź ͹ʵ Ź ʵ õ,
 ڶ ԭڨ Ե ͵ڶ,  بک,  ҹʵ".
      Ҫ ҵڤ ʹڵԡ ڵ "  س ؤڤڵ
 ෶" بک.  Ҫҵ. ֡ó ൵. ҵڵһʡó
Ҫ, - ҵڵһ  ûҸ ʻ ൹ - Ҥڵ
 ǹڷԵ һԵ  Ҫ". Ҫ ڵ "Ͷ Ҩ
һ ໶" .  Ҫ ڱ ǹڷյ.  Ҩ
 ö,  آ ʶҵ.  ع ԻڢԻ. Ҫ ⾸ʵڵ
ػʧڡԵ "Ҩ ໵  Ԩک" . ͢һ  
 حڨյ. Ҫ " ໵  Ԩک,  ͢һ  
حڨ,  ҡ ൹ һʹ, š " "ک 
һʹڵԡ,  ˵    ˵ ҵڤ ҷ
Իڪ໵ ໶ ͵ ҹطµ Ԩڨ" .  Ҫ
ڵ    ๵ ҵڤ ҷ Իڪ໵
.
@ԧö:  .. Ի         - .. ҵڵһó Ҫ ҵڵһʹ
        Եھ , ͻԨ   ͵  ͵
ػ ʵ.   ʪڪ  ͵ ڶ ʵ,
Ͷ ʵڵ طڸ ʵ. ڨ   ʹ  һسҵ, Ͷ
 ͵ Żڻ ط ͵õ ˹ڵ ڵԡһԳڱ 
໶. Ͷ  ʪڪ.  ڵԡһԳ Ե  ʵڵ
Թڷʵ.  ڵԡһԳڱ ౵ تڪԵ ͭ Եඹ
صڵõ, Ե  Ƿ, ͵ - ʵڶ ʵյ.   "
"  . һ  ʵڶ ҵ.   
"ҵ  ͡ó, ھԵҹ ;ڵ  ó" ҵ⤵ڵҹ
  .
      Ե ҵڵһ  Ҫ ⾸ʵڵ  ͭ,
 ҵ. Ҫ ͵ڵ  ڶ ⾸ʵڵ Ҩ. ʵ
ԭ  ҹ  յԾҹ , ԭڨ յ
ڬҪ  ͤ.  ⾸ʵڵ  "  
 Ҥ, Է ʾ   بکԯ ҷԵ ;
ҵҵ  ҡ ʵ,   Ըһ   ʵ.
ԡ  " Ҫҹ  ػʧڡԵ :- "Ҫ
  - ڱŻھԵ  Ҹ⻵ Եڶ,  ءڵ
ҹҵ,  ˵ ҡ õ, ҡ ,  ˵ ʹڵԡ
õ, ʹڵԡ , ڤ ǵ൵ طڸԹ õ, Ԩک 
ءڢԻԵ ൵ ʡ⡵.   Եڵ  ʾھ  ʡڡ ˵,
 Ը ԯ  ҡ êڪ , Եڵ ٻ੷
, ҡ Ǩ ö Ҫ, ͪ  õ ǯگ".
      Ҫ  ûڵ ˹ڵ, Ե   عڹ ʹ
ԯڤ. ⾸ʵ   Գڱ Ե طء ⡷
حڪԵ Ҫҹ ڵ ûҸ ʧ ڤһ շ.
@ԧö:  ..                 ..  Ҫ ͵
͵ ڵ, ͹Ҥ ڵҵ յԡ ͹Ե ڶҳ
͹Ǫڪ صڵڵ  ʵ ڻ, - Ҫ ͭ ͪҹ໵
 ڵ Ǫڪ ෹ Թڹ һ Թ Ե
  ͡.  í Ԫ ͯ ˡٯ -  
. Ե һ ï  د Ե.   Ҫ ʻ
ҹ Ծھ. ൹ ʧڡԨڨڱ:-
                ػ˨ڨ   -         ҵڤ 
                ʻʪ بکԹ           ڬí  ٵ. -
       ڬí íٵ ǷԵ. ҵڤ  
ʹ  ҵڤíڵ صڵ.
      [] ˻ҳҹյ Ҿҡóҹ. ڨա ҵھڵ
ڨա ҵھ. ʹڵ  - ˹  Թڵ ͵.
      [] ͹Ԩڨùڵ ͹Ԩõ Թ൵ Ե ҵھ
յ صڵ ˵. Ҹ ˵յ عڷ ˵. ҷԭ  
 ó ک Ԥ  Ԥڶ ó ک "  ػ
ԯԯ ó ک"  ػڻڪ, -  ͹Ԩڨ
ҷҹ Ҹٵ ʵ. ҡ عڵ   ٻ ǡ
Ե "  Ҫ  Ҫ  ʯ  ҡ ó
  " ҡ ػڢԻԵ  ؤʹڵ Գڱڵ.
?   ˹ڵ ʵյ ,   " ൹ -
ó " Իڻ ػڻ,   " ʾ - ó
 ҹڵ, ءڢ Էҹ ԹǵڵԵع" ෵  ԡڡʵյ 
൹ "ҡ ع".
@ԧö:  .. ڻ˵     . ҡԳڳ     .. 
@ . . // ʧڡԨڨҵ ()  . ڤ, . Ҥ
@ .. ػڻڪʵ     ..      ..  
      [] ͻҹٵڵ µڵط  Ե. Źڵ  ʹ.
ҵھ յ ؾ ʻ ʵԻ ʯջ  Ҥ 
ڶյ ǵ ෵. Էҹ  ó ó   ¸
بکԹڷԵڶ, - ڻڵҹ  ҵھҵ Ƿ. ص ൵ 
ص? Ԥ ʹڵԡ,   Ŧ  ʹڵ " `
ʨ ڻڵ ҵھ' Ƿ,   ⤵ ` ҹ
ҵھ   ͭ ǡҹ Թڹ ˻ڼŹ' Ƿ".  ʹڸ
 ˻ "ص" .
      [] ͹ػؾھաڵ - ҹҹڵ , ҹڵ ʤڤ, ʤڤҹڵ
ҹ ҷչǹڵ -  ͹ػԻүԡ. ڶ ҹڵ Է ҹ 
آҹ Էҹ, ڻڵչ , ҹ ԯ,  ҳ ų 
¹, Ըš ҹʷ  ԯ  ҳ
ų  ¹ ڶ. Է ¯ õʹʷ, ԯҹ
һʷ,  - ھêڪʷ. Է ءڢԵڶó
, ʹ ʧڤ, »Եڵҳ ʧڢ,
ҷ ͹ػԵڵ ,  Է˹ ͤڤ, ʷ
. ʹڵʹ , ǹڵ ˵ڶ, ڤ
ʵ, ڵڻһ  Ҫ. ҹ   -
,  - ,  ʻ ù൹ ­
Թڷ­ طʹ­ ʹڵ­ ๡­
ǵڵԵ, ڻǵڵԵ, - ൹  ͤڤԡڢ ͵ڵҹ
൹൹ ڻڵҨҹ Եڵ Ե. ҹ   ʡڡڻڵ ෵,
ڻڵ ෵, ڻڵ ෵, ڡǵڵڻڵ ෵, ǡ,
ਡ⾸ҳ, ⾸ҳ ෵յ ҷԷҹسصڵ .
@ԧö:  .. ػکԹڷԵڶ    .. ͹ػؾھ ڵ     .. ڤڵ
@ .. ھ   ..    .    ..    ʵ
        ҹ   ҷҵ ʡ⡵,  ڵ š
. šڵ    ԯ  ҳ ų 
¹,    ,  ʧڢŹҤҪ, ԷڵҤҪ,
¹ҤҪ, ǹҤҪ, ҵʡ˵ڶҪ,
ڷڵ˵ڶҪŵ ͹ ͵ڵ  Ի.
Ըššڻڵչ  ʷ , ʷ ԯ, 
ҳ ų  ¹ ڶ, ŧڡʷ ŧڡ ڶ, Żػڼʷ
ػڼ ڶ, Ťڸʷ  ڶ. ŧڡù  ŧڡ
šŹڸ ŤڸҹԵڵ ⡻  ࡹ Եڵ  کյ
ҷŤسصڵ .
      Է     ʤ žյ ʵ ҹڵ ʤڤ
. ʤڤڵ  ʤ  ԯ  , Ԩڨڶ ,
Ԩڨ ڻڵ žڵ, ҵҪԡ  صʵҹ
Ծھآ Ծھڻڵ ͹ǹڵ, ǵ   ⡯ ʯ 
ʵҹյ ҷʤڤسصڵ . ʤڤڻڵ ¹ڵҹ 
طڸҹ آ ڻ˵. صڵ ਵ "๡¹   ԡڢ
ʤڤ ¹"ҷ. -
       ʤڤ  ع ˵ڶ ŧڡԵ  ʳڱ
Թڷ  " ʤ ͹Ԩ ͸,  ͵ڶ ڷ ҵ"
ʹڶ "ͻڻҷ  صڵ  طءڢ ٻ, ҷչ
͵ڶ "ҷԹ - ¹ ҹ ҷչ ͡ ʧڡ
. ڶ ҷչǵ . ͡õ ǡ . ʧڡʵ
 ʵڵҹ  ʧڡʹ - ¶ "ʹڵ ǵ  ʵڵ". -
@ԧö:  . ػ. /, /,  ͵ڶ ҹ
@ Թ. . // ʻڻҳǤڤ, .  // Ťڷٻصڵ
@ . ʹ                    .. // ͧڤصڵ
       ҷչǹ ڪԵ ๡ڢ ҹ . ŨԵڵڵ
äԵڵ. ءڡԡҵ  ءڡԡ ͵ڵ ˵ طڸԵ
Ե, ೹ ԯ, Ҹó ͭʹڵ ͵.  ҵ,
ʨڨʹ.  "ءڢ ط ø ڤ".
      ê յŹڵ Ҥêҷչ  ê, Ҥҷչ Ԥڵ
յ. ڢعڵ ػ ص Գڳ ڤҹ, 
ǡڢʵ . Ը  ʵһڵ ͸Ի. 
ػڻڵҡ÷ʹڶ "§ڡԭڨ ط¸, ʾھڵ ø" .
 ø   Ԩڨʹ  ʾھ ʧڢ Ԫڬڵ
ػڻڪ.
      ԯ ʨڨ ൹ҵ ԯ.   ʻػ.
Գڳ ԨԡԨک ๹ҵ ԳڳԨԡԨ. Ԥ  ҵ Ԥ.
êڪڻ⵵ êڪ , ڶ? ʵڶ .   ڨ,
  ʷڸ ͵ڶ ǵڵյ ͻûڻڨ.
      [] Ե൹ ڻԨک ԹڷԵ, Ҩ 
͹Ե. յ  Է. ͹ǯڵ  Ե ǯ ؤڦүԵ.
      []   զյ     
"ڱ ˻,   ⤵ ʹڻ ҹԡ, ๻ -
շʵ, » շʵ, շԵ ó ʵ,   
ó ʵ -   " Ե ص Ԩõ. 
 .
      [] ൹ ҵ ࡹ  "͵ ԯ" Ǩ
صһ ͵ڶ šࢹ ࡹ ʷڸ Ż.
      ڬ ¹ڵ   ʵڵ ⡯, 
ʾھ;ڵ -  ʾھ   صڶ⡯ 
@ԧö:  .. ๻        .. ˻        . ʾھ;ڵ
ڨ,  ,  ,  ص ⡯ ڬ
. ͡⡯   ڬ - ڤŵڶ 
ڬ.    ʵڵ ⡯, ڨҵԻ صڵ.
      [] ͤڤڵҷչ ʾھҹ ͭǨҹ.  طڵ ͵ڶ
¹ڵ  үصڵ. طڵ Իҵڵ. Ԥڤ˵ҵ  صڵʧह
ط ԡڢԻ ˵. շ໵յ ʳԡ Ҩ ʳԡ Ҩҵ
˹ڵ Ŧ ໹  շ໵. յ   ⵵
͵. ء⡵  ԡڢԻԵ . ͳڱ⡵ҷ دǨ
ҹ ػҡ ͭǹ ػڻڹʡ Է  յ
šࢵ .
      [] ڷԡ  ǯگյ Ԥ  ʹڸ Ƿ,
ػ ͵ڵ Էڸ ʵһڵڤ. ൹յ Իҵڵ, 
ػ Ԩ ͵. óǨ , ¹ ೹ ҡ
ʹ ͹ҹԡ,  ʵڶ ҹԡ, ൹ ೹ ػ  յ
صڵ ˵.
      [] ػԪҵ Ԫ¹ ػ. ڡکһڵ ڡ⻵.
ԳԵ յ   . һ  ԭҳ ԭҳ
ڡҷԡ̹ڱ - ԡڡԳڵ.  ʹڸµ . êԵڵ ž
յŻ çڤҵ ˵ êԵ Թڹ Է Ԩکյ ͵.
⡯Եڨ⡯Եڵ ⡯Ե ǵ൵ عڻع ⡯Եڨ.
Ҥڵ dzԻ೹ -   د  ௵
ػڻҷԵک.
      çڤڢ  ⢵ ԭҳ ԭҳ çڤ ǵ. 
.  ⡯گڢ ԭҳ  ⡯گ @ԧö:  .. ڬ         . ڡҹ ̹ڱ        .. Ի೹
بک ⡯Ե بک Ԫڪ,  ԡڢ.  ⡯Ե 
Ԫڪ, ڶاڤ ԡڢ. ԭҳ ڱҢڱԡ - ک. 
.  ڪڢ ԭҳ Ի೹ ڷ
 ԨکԵڨһڪ, ԭҳ⡻ Ԩسڳ һڪ. 
. çڤڢ   ҹڵ ҹ ڷطڸչ - çڤڢ,
Ҥڵ ๵,  ˵. ڱԵҹ  Ԥ  ͭ 
õյóҷԹõڶ ͻڻ ˵.  ͹¤ڢ, 
ڪڢ ͹¤     ,  ⡯௵ ڱŻʹ
  äʹ   Եڵ بک ˵. çڤڢ 
ڱԵҹڵ ʨڨ  ڱԵҹ  ˵, ʵ س
Եڵ  ک.  . طڸǨ  ¶ ¶һ ͤµ -
ط   ˵յ "͹¤ڢ  ڪڢ "
. س  ⡵   سյ  dz ǵڵ
÷.
      [] ҵ  - بڨ ڱԨڨ,   ҹ 
ҷԯ, ൹ ڹҤ ҵµԨڨػڻҷҹҹ
ڱԵ ,   ʵڶҵ  ʾھ ھ ǷԵ.
Թڹҵ Թڹڨⵢ. ʾھضتڪ ԪԹ ԪԹڵ
ԪԹʹڵ ҵ Ԫ.  , ڨáǻصڵҵ.
 ԪԵ Ԫ ൹ҵ ԪԵԪ. ,  ԪԵԪ.
͹զҵ ʷءࢹ Իҡءࢹ Էڷءڢ. Եڵҵ
Ƿڵšͧڤŵҷػ  د Եڵ.
طڸҵ رڲԵҨ. Ҹػҵ عڷû. ڵҵ
Ҥҷ - Ե ԵԵ Ե. ҵ ԤҤҷ.
@ԧö:  .. ڱڱԵ       . ؾھطڸչ           .. ͤʵ
@ .                ա. ʹڵҵ Ҥҷ
      Եҵ دԵڵ. ǹڵšҵ ǹڵس. طԵҵ
طԵʹ طԵ, ع صڵ -  ͵. ҷʹ  ͡
س عڻع Ƿ. ҵ ,  ڶ
ڵҵ ͵. تҵ šʹ ͡ ʵڵ. ҵ
ع صڵ. - ͭ بڨ ࡡҶ ʤس ڻ˹ڵ.
      ǹԡҵ ʵڵҹ Թ¡. بøҵ بԸ. ʡҵ
ʡ. - ҵ ڻڹ. ҵ 
ʾھڶ ͻڻ . ҵ äس,  
. ڵҵ ҳڻڵ. Ƿҵ  بڨ ҳ, ൹
ڹҤ. ҵ  Ե. صڵҵ Եڵ.
      Ҥҵ   Ҥ. ڵʹҵ ڵʹʹ.
ڵҵ ڵ ڹҤ. ҵ  بڨ
ҳ, ൹ ڹҤ ص . ڵҵ Ծھǹ.
      ʵڵҵ Իҷ   ػҷ ʵڵ. ڵҵ
ʯڵ. ҵҵ ҵ. ҵ ͡ڢҷչ
๵ Ҷһó. ԷԵǷҵ ԷԵҳ. Թڷҵ
ʾھ ҹ¡. ʡڡҵ ڶ. ڵԻڵҵ  ڵھ
س,  ڵ. ҡóҵ Եڶõ ͵ڶջ. ǵ 
ҡڹڵ  ڶ, ʾ ͵ .
      Իҵ Իʹ. ͹Թҵ ͹.  ͻҵ
͹د. -
      ͹ؤڵҵ -  ͹ؤԵڵ. Եҵ - ;ڸ.
@ԧö:  .. عصڵ            .. ʡ            .. ͷد
@ . ͹ؤҵ              . ʵڵҵ
      Իҵ  بڨ ,    Ի
˹ڵ Եڶ ڹҤҵ ͵. һҵ һ
ڹҤ.
      ͹ػԵڵҵ ҷԯ - Եڵ. ҵ ص
Ԥڤ˵ صڵ. ¡ڢҵ ҹǷʹ  ͷҹ -
  ¡ . ൹ "¡ڢ". ⵵ ˹ڵ. 
յ  Ըس - ʵڶ  ⡵. ػʡ
ʵһڵ Է Ҥ. Ե Է  ൹
ʾ ʻڻ dzڳ - ඹ "  ˻ ǡ "
 ͵ڶ ʪ.
      []  ʭҵ  ڻԳڱԵ.    "
Է  ⤵ ʹڵԡ ڵ Ҥ, ๹  dzڳ
ڻԳڱԵ".  . ԨԵڵ  ҵ  ڢ
ػڼҹ ҹdzڳ ͡ dzگԡҷ ԨԵ . 
 ൵ ͵ڶ ҹһػڼҹ ҹһػڼ  ҹԸҹ dzڳҹ
  dzڳ .  ҡ  ػ ˻.
ҡ ԨԵҤڶ  ˻ Ҥ Ԩdzڳڶ.
     س Ե آ ؤڤکյ -    ʡڡ ҹ
͵ "͹ڶ ҹ  ˻ ,   ڳʯժ
˵ ͵  Ե حڪԵ  , Թڹ  صڵ".
Ͷ ػҡԻԳ  ػڻڪ.   ʵڵ ͵ڵ
͵ڵ Թڵ¹ڵ.    ػڻ ;ڵ س ,
Ե Եڶ,  ൹ طڸԵ  ڢԵڵê  ڵڵ
آ ؤڤک. Ըҹ Ե Ե  ͻڻ ʵڵ Ե ʡ⡹ڵ.
@ԧö:  .. ҷԯԡ   .. ҷҹ   .. ԸԸس
@ .. ʻڻҹdzڳ    .. ؤڤکյ
Ԥ  ҹع , Ͷ  үڡ Թ Ե -
ڨԡ ˵  Ҥ, -     .
  ص ؤڤԵػؤڤ ʹ ʹ ԹԯԵҵ.
                    ڨٷ ڬԡ¯
                       ػصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
                              .
                         ---------------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=9&A=975 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=9&A=975 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=13&i=62 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=13&A=1044 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=13&A=1082 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=13&A=1082 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_13

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