͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ Թ.. (ڵ.)

     {} ҹҷ ҹҪҵ ҹҷ  ҹҪ 
͹تҹ ԡڢ Ƿҹ     
 ھશҵ ҷ ھڪ໡ڢ Żصڵ
ھહ൹ ¹   ԡڢ ڨ Ҿ د
ھવ⾵ ҷ    ͹ڸ٤ ھવ⾵
 ԡڢԵڵ ؤڤ  Ǫવ ھڪ
ؤڤ ھવ  ʻ ҵһԵ ͹ح 
͹تҹšڢ  ԡڢ ͹ح ҵһԵ ص
ھવ  ھ һڵ ءڡҵ ͵
ص dzڳ   ھڪԵ ҵһԵ
͹حҵ ھહ൹һԨ  ͨکԹڹ ˵ ͡ 
ͭ ԡڢ ͵ڶ ʨ੷ڶ ڱء һبکԵھ 
 һبکҡ ͹تҹ ԡڢ ʧڦ ͻࡵ
ڱءҵ ͵ڶ dzڳ   ͡ ˵ 
ھવ   طʻԻبکҷ  ˵ ͡
   ԡڢ ǵڵ ͵ ھյ 
ص⵻  ԡڢ ػڬ طڷ ھવ ǯگ 
 ԡڢ ڶ û ǵڵ ͵ ڱ
๵ ھવ ҹ ͨک෵ յ  óҹ
  ҵھҹ   ԡڢع ھҪ ˵  
 ԡڢ ͭ ھવ    ҵؤ ԡڢع
ͭ      ҳڵ ҹ
ҵ   û ¹ࡹ  ء ˵  
 ھ ˵ ˵   Żص ͡
һ  ھવ  ڵԡد ˵ Ե
  Ҥکյ    ʪવ 
ھԵءҹ     ˵ ک 
ҹ  óʵڶڨ  صʹڵ 
¹ڵ    ҹԵڶ ๵  ҵԷ
˵ յ ǵڵ     ڵԡ
˵ Եھ  á   ط ͵Ե
ڵԡ Ե ໵  ਻ ک 
̡  ˹ڵ ¶ ҵ صڵ  Ԥبک 
ͪԤبک൹ Ҹء ˵ڶҷ    Ե
໵    ͵ڵࡹ  ػù Żصڵ
Ҩػڬ     Ծھ ͹ǵڵԸ
˹ڵ ػڻڹ ͹õ ෵  һسڵ
 Ƿ ˹ڵ   һ  -
û     Էҹ   
ڨ  ҵ  ǵڵ ͭһ ͹ҹԡ
 ඵھ  Ͷ  د ػ ʵ
ػյ ǵ ڨҹ ҨԡڢԵھ Ҩԡڢ൹
 dzڳʳҹڸ¡ʹ بતبکԡڡ
Ԫڪǹʵڵ  ҡ ù൹ ҨԡڢԵھ    
ؾ ڷԵʧڢ ˵ Ե گǸ໡ 
Իڡ ؤڤ໡ڢ   Գ Ͷ
÷ڸ ҹԡ Թڷʹ  ھ ʻھ
سڳҹ ҳ ǵڵ  ä ˵ڵ һسҵ 
  ҷ ࡨ ä ˵ڵ ڵ ʾ  ٻ
ǹ Ե ҳԵ൹ Ҩ¹ Թڹ  
͹  ٻ  ඵھҵ   
û Էڷس೹  ڸس೹  ʭڨ íڨ
ؾھ൵ Ԥڸ ͻ๵ ҹ ԡڢڵ  ԡڢڵ
 ʡ  Ԥڤ໵  Ͷһ ˵ ͷ
Ҩ  ػڬ   ͨک෵ ǯگ 
਻ ͭ     ػʡ  ҳ໵
 ͵ҹ ҹ ˵ ͵ ͨکյ  
ҳ໵ ͵ҹ ˵ ͨکյ  ʾھ ǯگ 
ʾھ ˵ ൹ ԡڢع Թڹ ˵     
ػ  ͹ҳڵ ʵ  ػ   ͻ๵
ع ҵھ  ԡڢع  ˵ඹ  ҳڵ  Թڹ
 ǯگ ͷԹڹ  ǯگ ਻  ʹڵ
˵    ػڬ    
õ ҹ ǵڶҹ ͨک෵ ͡ صڵʧڤ
໵ҵ ͵ڶ ԹԨک  ԡڢٹ  ǹڷ໵ҵ 
ڶ ʹڹԻԵ ԡڢ   ǹڷ໵ Ͷ ó˳ڶ
ءڡدԡ շ໵ ͭڪ ڤ໵  յ
ǵڵ  Ƿ  յ ǵڵ  Ͷ
ػڬ¹  Ҩ¹  طڸ ó کյ ҷԹ
¹ óҹ ҵھҹ  ¶صڵڻԻү  ػڻԻү 
  ͡ڻ ͡ڢ ػڻԻү ෵ طڸ
ó  ԡڢڵ  ع Ե ࡡ ԡڢڵ ෵
ͷԹڹҹ ˹ڵ óҹ  ڨ  óٻڻ
ԡڢԻԵ ͹حҵ ػڻ ͡ طڸ ǯگ 
ûھڪ   طڸ ǯگ  ͡ طڸ
 ػڻ  Ҩ ڵʭ Ҩ-
ʭڨ Ǫવ  õ ء ˵  ھڪ 
ҹ ճ óҹ ءøҷչ ­ڪҹ ҹóڻ
໹൹ Ҩ¹ ͹ࡹ ǵڵھҹ   Ҩ
ǵڵ ʡ⡵ ͹  ʡ⡵ ͹ 
ʡ⡵ Ҩ  ʡ⡵    ʡ⡹ڵ 
ǯگ     ʡ⡹ڵ ǯگ  ҹ 
 ๹ طڸ ó کյ  ͡ھڸҹ
͹عԡڵҹ   ҵھҹ طڸ ó کյ 
ԨکԹڷԵ ùڵҹ   ҵھҹ  ͹ڸ
 ǵ   طڸáڢ Ǫ طڸ ó
کյ صڵ   ͯ͡ڻ ڶ   صڵ
 بڵ   ˵ھ    
Ƿڵ ó ػڻյ  ͹تҹ ԡڢ  
ó ھڪ ػڻڵ  طڸ ó کյ
ҷ  ԡڢڵ  طڸ ص  ó
ھڪ ػڻڨ ͹تҹյ ͵  ڶ 
ػڻ  ԡڢԵڵ   ͵ ó
 ˵  ھڪ    ͹تҹ ԡڢ
  ó ûھڪڵ ͹حҵ  
 ͵Ի ó ˵  ͵ڵǵ  
ԯ ˵     ˵ ڱԵҵ
Ͷ   ԡڢһҹ طڷԵھҹ   
¶ ǵ طڷԯҹ صڵ ˵ ͹تҹ ԡڢ
ҹ  ԡڢһҹ    ԡڢԵ
ҳҵԻҵ  ͷԹڹҷҹ  ; 
ҷ  ڪҷҹ  ԡ
 ڨյҷԵ١ʹ  ҤڸŻ-
óڱʹҹ  بڨ¹¹ 
ҵٻêԤڤ˳ յ  ͹ڸ   
Եڶڹ Ǫ ҳҵԻҵ ԡڢһ ҷյ
 óҹ  ԡڢһҹ صڵ    
 ͯ ͵ڶ  ¶һ طڷԵھҹ 
ھڪ  ó Էڸ  ԡڢһҹ  
ԡڢһԻóڶ ҹԵھҹ  ҹ  Ҥ¹
ؤڤ˵ ʡ⡹ڵ  ¨  ͵ڶʹ ҨԡڢԵ
ǯگ    ͵ڵ ԡڢԵھԡڢһҹ  ҹҵ
ʧڦүԻڵøóҹʪڪҷ ҹҷԸ  
 ˵    ҡҪҹ  ͭ
 ٻҹ  ʵ  ʹڵԡǨ ҵ
ŷ  ԪڤԵ  ʾھ ڻҡڻ
ҨԡڢԵھ ʹػҷ Ҩ ๵ 
൹һ ͹تҹ ԡڢ ˧ ڹҤ 
ʵعڵ   صڵҹ  ʹڤҹ á Ǫવ
Ҩԡ Իù൹   Ҹء ԡڢԵھڵ 
                 ھڪԹԨک ԯ 



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=3&A=420 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=3&A=420 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=4&i=34 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=4&A=778 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=4&A=812 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=4&A=812 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_4

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com