͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ Թ.. (ڵ.)

                   Ҷʧڤԡdzڳ
                       ---------
     {} ͡  ҵ ͡    Ҹء
صڵʧڤ Եҵ ͵  ڤԵҹ ͭڪԹڵ
ʹҹتڪ ͭڪ ءڢԻԵ  ҹҵ
ڨҹ     ԸҤ⵵ ࡹ ೹ ڶ
ڶ  Ը Ҥ     ھط 
   ڵ ػ  Ե  ػ
ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ  Թٵ  Ҷ بک  Ͷ
 ڷ  ⤵ҷչ ǵ  ʪ  
 ʾھڶ  Ե  ʾھ طڸ ػԵ
بک   ҡ  ʧڤյԡ  ҡʻ
بک  ػԵ ҡ  ڶ ڷ  ⤵
ڷ      Ԫڪڸ تڪԵ
Եڵ ⤵ بڨ  ڦҵ ó Ի 
  بک   ڢʹڵ ͵ 
ڻԨک   ڦҵ  Թ Ǩ ڻԨکԵ
͡ڢʹڵ   ҷԵ Ծྐྵڵ ʹ Եڶڵ
ҹ ճ ԡڢһҹ  ڵҹ  {} ¹ڵ
ͻبکҵ   ͻبک  ͡Եڵյ   ⹵
ҡ  ڵ ҡڵ   د   ҡ 
͹ҵ ͭ ͡ ҡ   د 
Իڵյ ͵ڶ ԭڨһ Իڵ   ڶ Ͷ
د Ԫʪવءµ صڵ    Իڵ د
͡ Իڵ ʧڤԵ  ͷد  Իڵ ʧڤԵ 
  د  Իڵյ ǵ  Եڶ
ʵ Ҫԡ ʧڦҷ Իڵյ بڨյ  
     Էҹ ʹڹ Իڵչ ʹ ͷد ʵ Ũڨ¹ڵ-
ҷ  ڶ   ͡ʵ ҸԻڻµ Է
ؾԵ ǵڶطʹڶ صڵ  ;Ҩԡڢյ  ǵ
 Ե Ҫҹյ Ƿ ;Ҩԡڢ   
ҪԻڵҵ   ԡڢһ ʧڤԵ ҪԻڵ
 صڶ Իڵҵ 
     ͵ڵǵ ͷدŹڵ Է ʪڪԵ ˵  Էҹ
  ǵ¡ҵ  ʪવ ͡ҷҵҷ 
     {}     ǵ¡ҵ   ͡ҷ ǵ¡ҵ
 ʧڢʹ ʪڪ  ʧڢҹʹڸ 
੷ҹյҷ ͭ ͹ڵһ بک   ʪڪڶ
 ੷ҹյҷ صڵ  ڶ ͡  ͡ طڷŹ
 ҹڵ ڵҵ Է ͻؾھ   Ǥ
ڵ   ๵ ͻؾھ ڶ ͡ ڵ ٨Ԧ 
͡ طڷŹڵ Źڸڨ  ҵ  
ҹڵ ڵҵ ҹڵ  ǵ ڵ   
ǷԵھ ҹ ʧڦԡ  Գ ͵ڵ Գ ҹ
ؾھٻ ԡڢ ͹ٻڪ ʪڪ  ҹ ʻڻҳ
ط Գ  ڵԡ  ԭ  ԭڨ  ҹ
ԡڢعջԻҨԵ Գڱҵ ح ҹ ҷ໡
صڵ ҨԵڵ ҹ ʻڻҳ ط ح ҹ
¶Ҹ ˵Ҹԡó ҹ د һڵ Ԩک
ҹ ٹʵ ؤڤ ػڻ ҹ ʵඹ
ʷڸ ҹ ҷԹ ԡڢع ͡ҹظ ҹ ҹԵ
ط ҹ ʧڦԡ  Գ ؤڤ Գ
ҹ Ҫԡ  ͪڬһڹ ԡڢع  ͵ڵ 
ҹ  ǪڬԷԵ ͹ࡵ ҹ ԡڢء 
͹һبک ҵ 
     {} Էҹ Ҹó Ҹóڵ    ʪહ
  ʵҹյҷ 
     ڶ ԡڢع Ҹ   ʧڦҷҵ ʯ
ʤ د ͵ڵ د õ  ͹
ͯ  ͹ ʷڸ ͯ   ʤڤ ҷҵ
ǹ  Ԥڤ  طڸ  Ҥ ھҹ շ
    ԡ íࡹ ҵ 
ҷ  ʵ طڷҵ ʡ ԡڢعǤ ڻ 
 ͹Եڵ ˯ յڨ š ͹ دŨکҷ
ҵؤ ʷڸ   ͹ԡڢڵҪ ʹڵ ԡڢ ͹һبک
ԡ ڻʹ շ   ԡڢ ԡ  
үԡ ʵ  ԡڢ طڷ Եҵ 
     ԡڢ Ҹػ  ʧڦ  õ ʧڦ
 µյ   صڵ  ҵԡ  ó
ʧڦҷʹڵ  Ҥ   ʤڤҹ ҷҵ
ԡڢع ڵҹ ʤڤ  طڷһ ڶ ڵطڷ
   ͯ үʹ Ե ʵ ʭڨ ԡڢ
ԡڢعչ ԡڢ Ҹó    Ҹóʪڪ
صڵҹ 
     Էҹ ڵ    ڵյ  
ʪહ ͯ Ҫԡҵҷ  ڶ ʷҵ
Թ  ʻڻµ ʵ  ʻڻҷ   
ʷ ػ ʪڪ һڪҹ Ũ੷
ǵڵڵ  ǵڶٻҵ ʾھ  طڸԵ 
ǵڶڵ೹ ٻ  ¶ ǵڶڵ   ع
ҡ ˵   ع ҡԡ ˹ڵ   Ҹó
ػ ʵ ع ࡡ صڵػ ʹ
ڱػʵҷ   ǹڵ ൵ ¶ 
ڱػҷ ع Եҷǹ Ը ˹ڵ 
Ҫԡһ ع ǹ Ը ˹ڵյ ͵ 
͵ڵǵ ڵ    ڵյ ͵ڶ 
 ͯ Ҫԡڵ Ԩ   ڵյ
 Ե ˵ 
       ڵ ڵ  ʵ  ʧڦҷҵҷ
صڵ  ڶ  յ ʾھʧڤԡǨ 
ʧڦҷ    ٻڵ  Գǵڶࡹ 
 Ի ڵ 
      ʶ  óҵ Է ԡڢٹ  ԡڢعչ 
ʹ صڵ ڵڵʹ ਵ صڵ  
ٻʹ  ԡڢ ԡڢع ԡڢػó
ԡڢعջóҵ һ   ڵ ҹյ ͵ 
ڵ ҹյ ͸ Ǥڤҷչ ʶҹ  
ط  ǹڵ ͹ҵ ԡڢٹ ڨ ط
ԡڢعչ  ǹڵ ͭ  ǹڵ   ͻһ
ڵ һڵԡڢڸ  ǹڵ ʵڵ ͸ԡóҹ ڵյ
  ڵ  ڵ  ʵڵ յ-
ҷ  Ͷ  ʶ  ó ڵ
ҹ   ط  ǹڵ ͹ҵ һ
 ڵ  ʹ Թʹ൵ҷԹ ¹
 һڵ ػڻڪڵ   صڵڻ 
ڵ  ԡҹ һڵչ ʹڶ 
ڵ صڵҵ ǷԵھ  Ԩڨ ࡹҵ ԨڨҸԡó ࡹ
ඹ   {}  بکҹءڡ ʾھ ʪવ
Էҹ һڵԡڢڸ  ǹڵ ʵڵҵ ͵ڶ ʧڤԵһڵԡ-
ڸҹ ਡ Ծھڵ ʹ Ҫԡڵҷ 
ڶ Ҫԡڵ Ҷ   ·Է ؤڤһڵ-
ԡڢһҪ һڵԻҪԡ  صڵ  һڪ
ؤڤ  Ҫ Ҫһ ʷڸ ⵻÷
 çڡ  ˵  ͹  ؤڤ ع ʶ-
óҷ  ڶ  ๵ Եبڨյ ൹ ೹
͵ һڵԻҪԡ Ҫԡڵ بڨ   ˵ڶ ʧࢻ
 Ҫ ˵ ൹  ͵ Ҫԡڵ بڨ 
     ص¤Ҷ» ­ڪ ͹ҷԵ ͵ڶڵ ʵ ʧ
෵ ʹڵҷ صڵ   ๵ڶ ͵   һڵ
һڪԵ دҵء ¹ڵ һڵدҹ ҷ 
ʷҹڶ ҷ    ҹڵҹڶ 
ԡ๹   ҹڵҹڶ  ;ҹڶ 
ʧ ԨکԵ   ˵ڶ ͡  Թ ʧহ
ʡڡ ҵعڵ  ʧ ҷ    ԨکԵ
ҵ ʧڦҷ  ¤Ҷ  ͹  ⵵
    ͹ һڵԡڢ⸵ ͵ 
֡ó  ⵵  ๡ԡԷ -  Է ԡڢһ
๡ʹ ڵ ͵   ๡ʹ  Գڳ
ҹ  Գڳ ҹ ͭù õ⾵  ڶ
صڵ   ͹⵵ بڨ  һڵԡڢ ͹⵵
بڨ  ¶  Գڳ ͭ ҹ  Թڹ ͭ
ҹ µڶ صڵ ʻ ͹  صڶҶ  ͨڨ
൹  ڶյ ʹҤ ͨڨ ൹   ͨڨ
ڶ ๵ Ե بڨ ŵڵ ͨڨ ͵ Ũڨ¹ڵ
بڨյ ͵  ڨҶ  ʪڪԵ  ʵ
๵ڵ ʪڪԵ ʵھ ʤڤ¹ڵ بڨյ ͵ 
     Ҷ  ൵  ڵ ʭڨԨڨ һڪڵ
Ÿʧڢҵ ŨԵڵ ൵  ൵ Եڵڵ
ҨԵڵ    Եڵ ൵   ڤ ͻêڬ
Եڵˡó  ˵   ڤ ͻêڬ
Եڵ˹ҹڵ  صڵ  үʹ¤Ҷ 
  һڪԹڵ صڵǡóʹڶ ԡڢ
ͭҵ ʹ⵵ҷ صڵ  ʵھ  
һڵ үʹҵ بڨ  ءڡҶ ͻ÷ڸ ÷ڸ
@ԧö: . ๡ԡ ڵ  
Եڵ ʾھ   ءڡڵ ͵ڶ صڵ ءڡ
Ǩ  ­ د  ٻ    ءڡ 
๵ ¶ ʵڶ صڵ  ͡ڵ ͻ÷ڸ 
êڬԵ ǵڵڵ ÷ڸ ڤԻ˵ڵ Ե 
  õ Է ๵ڶ ͻԷʹ  ʵ
¶      ·   һ õ 
ءڡڵ ෹ڵ  Է طڸԡد ǹ
һ  ءڡڵ ǷԵھ  ؾԵҶ ؾԵ
ڵ د  Ե ŻԵڵ   
  ؾԵڵ ͵  ԭڨ  ʧڡԯ 
  ʧڡԯ    ˵յ ͵    
ԭ ˹ڵ    ԭ ˹ڵյ ͵  ๵
Ե بڨյ ൹ ʧڡԯǹ  ԭ٤˹һ  ͵
Ե بڨ ؾԵڵ ͵ بڨյ ͵  ʢ¤Ҷ
ҷ ਵ óڨҵҷԹ ¹ ʢ ʹڵ ໵
 ʢ Է ʢ¹ڵ ڶ ʧࢻ  Է
ءءڨһյҷԻ ʧڤԵ ˹ڷ ҡ 
൵ Թ  ҨǨ๹ ʧڤԵ ͵ڶ ջڶ
صڵڵ ǷԵھ  ڹʵյҷԻ   
ڶ ڹʵյ   Գҷ ͨکڹ ͵ʵ 
Է  һڵʧڢҵ  ڹ ͵ʵ  һڵ 
෹ ͭ  һڵ һڪ  ǯ ҵʵյ
  ǯ بکڹ ҵʵ  Է  ͹һڵʧڢҵ
 ǯ ҵʵ  һڵ  ù ʹҤԹ
ʵ دҹԹ دԵ طڸ ԯҵ  µ
ù ͭ һڵ һڪ   ڹ öҵ
൹ ೹ ʹҤԹ ʹ دҹԹ  د˹
ڹ ö  ǹڵ ҵʵյ ǭਵ ǯ ҵʵյ
͵   Ԥҹ ǹڵ ͪ⬡ ¤ڦҷ Իҵҹҹ
Ԥҹ ǹ ءڢҷԤ˹ í  ó ˵ 
   ʹڵ   ¹ ҡ ڢչ
  ػ   ҹ ʾ
ʧڢҹ Թ      Թ Ҥکڵ ҵ
ʡ⡹ڵ  بڻ   Ծھҹ   ճ
 ͹ػҷ Ծھҹҵ ͡ʹ յ ͵ 
               Ҷʧڤԡdzڳ ԯԵ 
                       ---------



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=3&A=10852 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=3&A=10852 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=8&i=1016 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=8&A=8789 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=8&A=7315 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=8&A=7315 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_8

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

ѹ֡ Ҥ .. . ʴŹҧԧŨҡöҺѡ. ҡͼԴҴ س DhammaPerfect@yahoo.com