͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

                        . دصڵdzڳ
      [] Ƿڵ  دһյ دصڵ.  ػڻڵ?
ҷԤҶ  ػڻڵ:- عصڵ¹  ԡڢ 
ػڻڹʡڡ ҹ Եڶ عڷ ԾھҪԡ . 
 ҳ ʵǵڶԾھҪԡ .  عҵ عǵڶҤڸ-
ŻԵ   ص ǵڶչ વǹ ԡڢ
ǵڶ ԡڢԵ વǹآ ک   " ک"
بکԵ " ⤵   Ե ک" ǵ
@ԧö:  . ͹ػԵ   . ʵǻŻڵ   . ػҷ  ҵ
વǹ⡯ ԨԵ વǹ⡯ Է  Ե  ع
વǹ ڵ ڸد ػڼҹ ԨԹڵ -  Ԩõ. طڸػҹ
Ҥ   "ڶ Ҥ" بکԵ  ԭڨ . 
ͱڲ յԡڡ Եڶ  Ե ໵ ԡڢҵ
ԡڢԻԵ -  "عڷ  "   í  ਵ
൹ ͹حҵ વǹ Ե ԨԹڵ   ԡڢԵڵҹ - طڸԵ
ڨ ໵  Ե ػ. ʾھ  -
Ҥ ǷԵھ.
         ڨ طڸڢع š ࡹ "Եڶ
ͪڪ  ػڻʹڵ"  " ʷڷԵ ҷ Եڵ
໵ Ҫ ͻ  " ڸدԷ ԷԵ
͹ⵤڸد ͨک,   Գڱ . ԡڢ   ԷԵ
 ؾھʷ .  ԡڢ  ҹڻ ͡.
Ͷ  ҹ   ǵڵ ਵ "Եڶ 
 ػڻҷ,  ʡڡ Ը Ե, Ի ھط, ͭ
ک" . һ -  د   ҹڷҵ. ͭ
 ҵ. Ͷ  "Ҥ ҹڷ, ʵڵ ʷ ʵ,
ʵڵ˨ڨ¹   ,  -  ػ ʵ" ǵ
ҹڷ ʹڶ "Ƿڵ "  Ҷ .
      ڶ Ƿڵյ ǹڵ ԡڢڨ ػǷڵ. دһ  ⶻ
 ʨڨҵ ͡ دԵڵ, ͡ ʭ⹻ ص, Եڶ
@ԧö:  . ͡ùڵ   . ԢԵ   .,. Ԣҵҹ
@ .. //-   .. ڶ   ..,.    ʵ
دԵڵ,   Ǩ ص ʷڷ,  ʨڨҵ ͸Իڻ.
ҷڨ ҵڵ  - ͡ҷ ػڻڹ. ع  ໵յ ͡á
 ͡ػڻ  طڸع  ໵.  ع ڶ  ԭڨյ
൹ ೹  ع ҤҷԢ ڶ  ԭڨյ ǷԵ.
      [] ڨ Ҷ ǵ  ҹڷ بک " ʵ
 بڨҹ ԡڢ ҹڷ  Ƿڵ".  ԭڨ ҵ. "
ҹڷ ` ' ʾھڶ س Եھ,   ҹ ҹڵ
  ڱԵ" ǵ "ԡڢ ҹڷ   
෹ڵ" ʹڶ "ٵҷ  ໵"  Ҷ.
  ؤڤ˵ ԡڢ  "   Ҷ
෵ھ". ԡڢ  ͡. ڱԵ  س . Ҫһ
Ҫ ʾھ ʵ  صڵҹ ŭڨ  Եڶ  ,
 ˵ Ԥڤ  ǵڵ  Եڶ . һ Եڶ
 űڱع ˹ڵ, ع ͡ùڵ "  ػڻع".
ҹڷ    ,    Ҷ
"ʡ ԯ  ".
      ʵ:-  ԯ Եڶª "عڷ õ ҹ
ʡ»صڵҹ dzڳ ʵ ൹ػ¹ ŷڸʡڡ ҷ", -
  ԯ  ͵ԡڡ, Ͷ     Եڶª ڨҤ
 ԯ ͨਵ ʡ⡹ڵ.   ʵҷҷ - ʻ ʡ ԯ
ڨ ൹ ԯԨک෹ ͹ع   ԯب ԯ,
@ԧö:  ..,. ͵   . ҵ   .  ҷ
ͻԨ    ڵҹ ؾھ ͵ڵ Իسڳҹ ҹ
ԯԤҹ ù ¶ ,  ҵ.
      [] Ͷ Ҫ ʵڵ˨ڨ¹  س ڱ໵ ¹
 ڵ ǹڵ ෵  "  շ 
ػڻ ڻ ਵھ ".  ص  " Ҫ
`  سڻ'  ਵ ҹ ٻ" ǵ
 ͯػڻڵ " ͵ڵ ǵҹ" ʤҶ .
      ڶ ǵҹյ ҵڢҷչ ҹ íҷչ صڤǵҹ 
͹ҹػد ͻبک. ҵ - Ƿ ͹¸  , 
ҵҹ  ҵ   ͵ڵҹ  Ƿ,   ҷ
"͹¸ "   ඹڵ.
      [] ʹ⵵ Ҥҷԡٻ - ʹ,  ԹԾھص.
͵˹ڵ  ͡ڶ⹵ " ڻ"ҷԹ ¹
Ե  ͡ڶ, ŹԵڵ ͵ڵٻԡ Ҩ⹵ صڵ ˵.
¸  Ƿڵյ   ͡ڶ "¸ " طڸҷ
ڸҷԡ Ƿڵ. ʷ ڶ ԭڨ ࡵ  ճ
Ҥҷ ʵڵ ʷ ԭڨ  ڶ,   ͡ڶ "¸
"   Ƿڵյ ھ.
      []  ճǻԻڵ ʵ Էҹ ԯԤԡҹ
Եڶҹ Իڵ í ʹ  "ڻԵ ʧڢ". ڶ
ڻԵҵ ԡڻԵ. ʧڢҵ ڨʧڢ. ҵ  ʨ
@ԧö:  . Ҷҵ Ƿ   ..,. Ҥҷԡٻ
ԯԤԡ. ҵ ԯ. áڢҵ  . ʹڵյ Ԫڪڵ.
Ƿҵҵ Ƿҵ. ·ڵ ʵ ҹ,   ػڻԨڨʹڵԹڵ
 ԯԸ áڢ Ƿҵ ʹڵ,    ͵ڵ
 ԯ ԯԡڨ ʡڡҷ, ڻԡڨ ҷҹ
ʵ,  ڨ ҹ, ڨ ػڻ  Ԩڨػڻڹ 
صʹڵԵ -  ػڻԨڨʹڵʧڢҵ ԯ  ˵, 
ڹԵڵ ͵ڵҹ  ءڡ    Ի س.
      []  ൹  ԯչ  ҷµ  ڵ. ڶ
ԯչҵ ԷʨڨԹʧڢҵҹ ԯԹʹҹ.   ҵǵڵҵ
ࢹ ͵ǵڵԵھ  ˹ڵ.  Ԩ ؤڤյڵ
ʯԷԯԸ   ؤڤԵ Թԯ  ԨکԹԵ
ǵڵڵ ԯԹ   ҵǵڵҵ صڵ ˵.   
, ʵ ҷµ  ڵ    ҵǵڵ,  
 ԯԹ ͪšءڡŻڨҵػڻҵءڡدԡڻҹ-
گһҷ ʵڶøڢҹҷڨ    ʵ  ҷµ 
  ҵ  ǹڡ    Ңڵ صڵ ˵. 
ʹ  ҷ¹  ͹ǯԵԵڵڵ ʹԻ س ͵ڵ
    ػڻ.
      []   ʾھԯԤҷʸع  ڹҤڵ
,  ⸹   ͹ٻ .  صڵ ˵?
⸹ڹҤ ⸹ صʾھһ  ڶ   
@ԧö:  .. صʹڵ
 ڻԵ ԯ ڶ,   ԯ ǹ,   ͵ڵ
 һ Ԩک෹ڵ Եڶ  ๹  ͵ ͤ کڵ,
ڻ ­ڨ ҹڨ   Ҥҷҹ ࡹ ,
ԯ ڻ  ҷ  ࡹ ʧڢ , ͹ٻ
,   ҷԯػҹ Թڹ ǹ ͹ٻµ.
      []   -   Թڹ ǹ ػ ˵,  ػ
  ԯ ʾھڵ. ڶ ػµ ҷԯԹ. 
໵ ҷڵ "õ"  "د"      ໵
ҷ. ͹ٻ ࡹ  ҵ ҷԯԻ๹ ͹ٻ ճ ࡹ
ह  ʹ   "õ"  "د"  , 
͹ػ -   Եڶ  Ԩکҷ ʵյ ͸Իڻ, ͵ڵ
õڵ -    ͵ڶյ   ͵ڵԯ  ب੷ԯ  ڶ,
˳ حڨ һ ͵ڵõڵʭԵ ڶ. ֡ó ڶյ ? 
 ԯ ʾھ,    ͵ڵ ҳ൹ ʾھ ԯԤ
  յ ˵ڵԡ௹ ʹ ԯ.  ص Ҫ
͵ڵ ǹڵ ෵ ڡյ.
                     ڶ⪵ԡ طڷ
                          صڵԻҵ
                      دصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
                      --------------------
@ԧö:  -ʷ  ʵ   ..,. ͹ػǪ    .. ͵ڵ õڵ



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=29&A=7958 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=29&A=7958 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=410 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=10003 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=10118 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=10118 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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