͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

                        . ԡصڵdzڳ
       صڵ ԡصڵ.  ػڻڵ? ԯ  ǵ
š   ػ    Իڵ .  
óڻ ڻ  ԯڵ¸ ͹Ҥ ԭ
ҡʨ .   ڨʵ ػʡ, ൻ ҷ 
. ʡ ʶԡ ˤ չ ڬҹ
 Ե طҷ "¹ڹٹ ͤ͹ҹ Ի ب¹".
 ڨ ػʡ  ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ ڶ بک, 
@ԧö:  ..,. صڵҹ   .. ͤڤŻڻڵ
 ҡ. ڶ ؾ dzڳԵ - صڵ ǷԵھ, ͻؾھ
dzڳ.
      [] ڶ Ҷ  ڡõ  ù 
Իڪ. Ҹ ˵յ عڷ ͹Ǫ ͵ڶҸ ˵. ػʡʵ
ػʡ Ԩ صڵ ˵. ڶ ҡ.   ª:-
  ͤ ͹ ھ,   ͤ ػʡ, 
  ڡ  Ҹ ˵յ.
      [-] Էҹ  د  ҡóڶ ໹
ǭյ Ҷҷ. ڶ Թڵ ͪڬ¤. ¹ڵ Իڼڵ.
Ͷ  Թڵ ҷԻڨڻ. ¹ڵ   ¹ Իڻڢ
ԹԾھҹ.  ڶ µ  ʷ ڶ. ʾھ  ҳǨڨ
,  ʵ ͹ءڻ⹵   ·ڶ  , 
͹ Ǩڨ ԪڬԵ ʵ ͹ءڻ ʾھ ҳڨ ڨ
.    Ե ˵,    ԡ , 
 ͵ڶ Ҩدյ صڵ ˵. è ŵ êҷ
 , Ҥҷǹ  è. ڶ صڵҹڶ.
      [] Էҹ     ,  ǻص
Ե൹ - ǹڵ ʹ  - "ͤک -  ʹڵ" Ҷҷ.
ڶ ҤҪ  ҵ     ǻص
ٻ Ծ  ʵ.  · ʡ ҹ ک, 
±ڲʵª  ԹԹԵ ൵ڵ  ໵ 
@ԧö:  ..,. dzڳԵʷ   ..,. Ե൵
@ ..,.  ʷ  ʵ   ..,. Ҥک
 ˵ڶ ˵.  ࡡ   ڵ ˹ڵ, ࡡ
 ʵڵ ʵڵ ⻡ڢó, ࡡ ⻡ڢó ʵڵ ʵڵ
Թ, ࡡ Թ ʵڵ ʵڵ ػڼҹ, ࡡ ػ
ʵڵ ʵڵ ڵҹ, ࡡ  ʵڵ ʵڵ ͨک ڨڵ
ک ص ʡڡ  үԵڶ,   ҹǵڶڻ
"ڵ   ԡڢ" - Ҥ.    ൵ڵʡҹ
 طʹ  ª ˵, ڶ ªڻ
Իŧ ªؾྸػڼڱ ͵ڶµ. ڶ ʡ ҹԹ
ͨک Ծھڻڵ ڨ. ʡ  ҹԹ
ҹ - Թǵ ع  ٻ Եҹ ǻص ˵. 
ʹڸ "ͤک  ʹڵ ҤҪ  ". ⹵
صҵ "ԪԵһ  "  ص. ʻ  ڵԵҵ
 ʷڸ ڵԵ,  بکԵҵ ͸Իڻ. ͪڬҵ ͸ͤ,
͸Ԥ⵵ صڵ ˵. Ҹٵ صҹ յ⻵   ص "Ҹ "
ԹڷԵ د ⵵ ͵.
      [] Ҫһ   õ ͵ڶ  ¡ íڪ
Ҫ, ҳ Ҫҹ êڪ õյ ,  õ
ǷԵ.      ص ҹҷչ
حҹ  ҳ Ҫҹ ͸Ի ص Ծھ. 
"" بڨ. - صڵ. ਵ үҹүص:-
@ԧö:  .ҹ. //   .. ҹ
@  ..  ⳵ بڨ
          "    Ҫ ҳ 
     Ҫҹ,   Ҫ `' بڨ". -
ڶ ҡ.
      ڶ :-   õ ǵ ʹ 
 Ҥ,  ک, ͡ ʹ  ػ ʾھک,
ڨ   Ҥ ͭ, ¹ ҵ? بڨ:- 
  ๡ʻ̻ŧڡ ҷª ˹ 
̡عڵ بڨõ ⡯¡  "ǹڵ 
بک" ҡʯҹҹ Ե ह ڤ Ҥک
ءڱ ڷҵ ػԡ ʹ ػҤ ڻ.
ػԡ  - ҹ:- طڸ ˵, Ԩڨ ԡ
õ, ԯڵ¸Թ, ͹ҤԼ ԯԵ.    ˻ڪ
ؤڦ௵ صؤڤ˳ڶ ⵡ  ͯ¹Ǥ
ڱ ­ڪ ù ù ʵ.  
ҹҹ ໵  ػԡ "ԷǨ   ù ҳ
ਵ Ԩáʹڹ ҹ" Ԥ ,  ʾھ ص
Ǥڤ dzڳطԧڤʷ - Ңڸ - ڤ˵ "Ҹ Ҹ
Թ" Ҹء. -  " ͵ڶ" .  Թ ⳵.
ػԡ   ʵһڹ , ک .   
˷ - ʹڸ ػԡ Թ෹ طҨõ. ػԡ 
@ԧö:  .. //   ..,. -ʷ  ʵ
@ ..,. dzڳêʷ   .. ˹ڵ , . ˡڢڸ
@ ..,. Ҹء   . ˷
"ԡ ҵԡ آ  ҹ  " ص " Թ 
ʹ ʹڹҡ " . ൹ آ  ࢵ Իڼڹ
  Ե  ʡ⡹ڵ,    ҳյ. 
"Ҹ Թ" ¡ ҳ,  ͱڲ ⡯Ҥʵҹ .
 ص ⡯Ҥ ٹ  , "ڷҵ ⡯Ҥ "
 Էʹ .  ⡯Ҥҹ õ ǹڵ ػʧڡ.
 "ԡ Ҥ" , Ͷ  ʾھ . Թ
೹ ʹڹû ҵҪԡ ʹ  ک Ҥ.
dz   ԭڨ ͹ڵ ó , ൹  
Ҥ.
        ػ ԭڨһ ͹Ҥ  ͡ڵ, һ
 ʶʵ  ʶڤҹ ͸ԯ ¹ عǵ
ػ ڨʵػʡ વǹ ڵ ʹ ص ͵ڵ
 Ҥ  ػʡҹ óʶҹҷ ػʡ
ඵ  ػ . ʭڨ   د˵ڶڻҳҷҹ
ڨ ڻڨʵҹ ௡ ڵҹ ˹ڵ,  ͵ڵ
͵ڵ á Ե һڵ ͻ໵ շ, ػ⡻ ҡ.
൹  ¹ ǵڶԹ ʵڵ ʵҹ ʹڵ,
ʤ ͯ⡯. ൹  ˵ڶʷڷҷ
ǵڶԹ ط  ͡ʷڷ ˵. ڬڵ  ʷ
Իڻ, ڻ  ػ һڵ د ͵ڵ 
Ǫવ "¹ ڤࢹ ࢹ آ , Է آ 
 ŷڸ" Թ൵ "ǹڵ " ǵ Եڵ ෵
" ͵  ù õ" Ǫહ Ծྐྵ ڢع
dz  Ծھ ʵҵ ʹ ص ⵻೹
 ʹڹԵڵ  "¹ڹٹڻ ǹڵ Ե Ի
ب¹" Թ.   ͡ ʹ⵻ ʾھک Ҥ,
ǭڨ  Ҥ ͭ. ൹ "ͤک  ʹڵ ҤҪ
  һ صҹ յ".
      [] Էҹ  Էڸ š 
ءڡǹ ǹڵ ʹ " ࡨ" Ҷҷ. ڶ Եڶҵ
ڷǨکʧڡԨ - ҷԻؤڤ  Եڶ  ԯԵԵ ҵ.
  ھԵ óҷ  ʵڶ. ڶ үص Ԥ,
 Ҫǡ -  ʾ ʹ  " ࡨ Եڶ ҷ",
"  Իڹ, ͭ Ԩک Իڹ"  ҷó š
آʵڵ Եطڵ Ԩùڵ. Ҫǡ ҵ  ͡ڬطڷԯ - ԹڷԵ
ʵ. ҵԵùڵյ ҵԡڡڵ. ʾྵ ͭ  ࡨ Եڶǡҷ,
ൻ Ԥڤ˹ . " Ǫڵ " ¶ ⡨  ԡ
զԹ  کڵ ҵԵ,   Ҥ ǹ 
 ͵ڶڻ تڬԵ ʡ⡹ڵ Ե, ͵Ԫǹ ǹڵ
ҵԵùڵյ ͵.
      []  ҷ رڲ ҵ ͵ڵǵ ڡյءڢ-
⻡ڢҵԪҳʳҷ ʵ, ͻ  ʹڵ ࡨյ Թ
@ԧö:  ....ʧڡԨ   .. Ҫǡҵ
@  . ͡ڬطڷԯ ԯ
ڬһ һ   ʹڵ ͵ڶ ػžڵ ࡨյ 
¹ʯھصڵҳǡҷ ʵ. ͵ڶڸҵ "ͻ  
  ҡ,  ڢ Թ"  ͵ڶڸ ǹڵ.
 һ ͭ ͭ  " ҷ"  ҹ Ԩùڵ
ڵ»ڱԵ¡ڢҷ ͻҳ, ൻ ʾ  ͵ڶڸ
ǹڵյ ʵ.
      [-]  ҹڻ ǹڵ Ե Էҹ  
Ե  Ҩ "­ " Ҷҷ. ڶ ­ 
ʵڵڵ⾸Իڢ¸ - ʹڸ. Ի⳵  ػڻԪ. ⢵
Է  šصڵآ ˵,  آ˵ڵ "" بڨ.
ػڻص⵵ . ҹҵ ʵءҵ ͵.   Ƿҵ 
 ҡ Ƿ. " "Ի ,  ҡ Ƿҵ ͵. ʾྻ
ԡڢǵ  Թڹҹ  ڨԡڢʵҹ ˹ڵ, ҹ ʹ Ҩ.
ػʡ һյ ͵ڵ   ͭ  ʵ. ڶ ҡ.
      [] Ͷ  ͹»Ի  ʵ ԡڢ ൵
"سҶ  ԡڢ"ҷ. ڶ  ص ڨ ö ʾྵ 
عҵյ , ٻ ʸع ԻҸ  - , ڨ 
Ե ʾ ö Իڪ,  ҷԵڶҵ صڵ ˵. һڵ
ҷ ؾھԸ. ھԵҹԡڵ ػڻ ʵڻصڵ.
í ҹҹ¤ʹ ǵڵҵ ͻ. Ƕ ڵ  һ
@ԧö:  ..,....   . 
. ͵ڶʵ - Եҹػ. ҵ - طڸ. ڶ Ҷ
ҡ.
      []   ԡŵ  ھԵҹԡ һ 
 ڬڵԡյԡڡ ػҷ ԡ   ԡڢ, صڵ 
  Գڱ . ֡ó? ͡Ũ  ʪڵ ʧڤҵ, -
͡Ũ ؤڤ Ҥʧڤҷ  ʧڤ ʪڵ ʪڵ ػ˹ڵ -
¹ڵ.  ԡ  ùڵ طڸ,   ʨڨطڸ
»ؤڤ,   ԡ Գڱ ùڵյ. ൹  ¹ ԡԡڢһ
ͻڻڵ ˵,  ʹʹ ਵڶ - ضتڪҹ
ҷչ ʹ  Ҷ.    ڤ  
õ ˹ڵ,  .
      []  ԡŨ ี " - ù൹һ 
Եھ" ʹ  "ٻ  ʷڷ ". ʵ:- 
 - ٻҷ ҹڻá  ๹ڵ ʵ ¹ڵ, 
Գڱҵطڸصڵҷ - صڵ¹ ڷ ෵ صڵ
ҵ ҵ. ͵ڶ   Ե⾵ ҵ, Գڱҵʵ
.  µڶ ž,  ʻ ह "ҵ" Ը ص.
 Գڱҵ ,  ͡ ҵ ڶ ͵ ǷԵ.
      []  ԯ:-
                     Գڱڨ ԡڢ ¹ ŷڸ
                      ԡڡ  
@ԧö:  . ͵ڶյ   .. صҵ   ..,. ʧڤ
@ . ػ˹ڵ   ..,. ʹǵڶ
@ ..,.    ..,.     .. / ҷ/
             ͪڬڵԹڵ   Էڸ
             Ԩک ʧڤԵڵ.
      ڶ Գڱڵ ʡԡڢ.  -    ๵
ڻԳڱԵ "Գ" بڨ. ¹ҵ ͹ڬڵԡ. 
ԡڡҵ ǡ ڻ෹ ͷص ǵڵԵ. ͪڬڵԹڵյ
šڢ ໵ ڸʹڵҹ Թ൹.   Էڸ Ԩکµ
Էڸ ٻҷ Ҥҷʹ - Եڵ  . - ʧڤԵڵǵ د
ԵԵ.
      []  ù :-
              ਻   ࡹ
              ͭ  ࡹ ԡڢع 
               յ ط
               س ⹻ ٻҷ.
       صڵ ˵?  ¤Ǩ ԭڨ ʵء ػ൹
ࡹ  ࡹ ͭԵڶ¤˯ҷԹ   ھ൹ ԡڢع
 ʷڸ ਻ , Ͷ  ڤҷԻص ʡǵڶ 
͵ڻ  ,   յ ط, ͭ  سǨ
 ûҷ  ͻڻڵڻ  طҵ.
      [] Էҹ  ٻ  ʹ  "ҷ ".
ʵ:- ม  ٻҷʭԵ - ҹڻ Ԥڤԡ
ҷ ʹ¹ڵ تڬڵ, تڬԵء ص ʹ آ کڵ
@ԧö:  . ʡڵ ԡڢ, . ʡڵ ԡڢ   .. Ҥʹ
@ ..     ....ʭԵ
 ˹ڵ,     . ֡ó?   
ʪڵ ʧڤ,   ҷ ؤڤ   Ǩ د
ҷʧڤ ʪڵ - ¹ڵ. ֡ó ʪڵյ - ? Եڵ  ڶ
ڵ ,   ʹ¹ڵ Եڵ ڶ ڵ, µڶ  
Իʹҹ  ˵յ.
      [-]  Եڵһǵڵ - ʵ Էҹ һһǵڵ -
ʹ  "Գڱ   û". ڶ ù
, ¹ ڨڵ, Ի  ʹʹ صڵڵ. -
һڵ ط. ʧڦүêٻ˹ڵ ҷ ʧڦүê ǹ.
صҹ  ؤ൹ Եڵ ʾھҷ "ʧڢ ¹ 
ǵ յ Ԧҵ"ҷԹ - ¹ ǵ Ե  ص.
ʧڢ  û⡵ ͵ Ը Գڱڵ صڵ Գڱҵ,
ҷ صڵ ʹʹ, һࢹ Ե - ҹڨ, ʧڦү ùڵ
ؾھԸڻ ڨ ʧڢ "   Ե"ҷԹ -
¹ ڨǡڢԵ  û, Ե ʡڡ û
Ҥ  ʡ  ضتڪ , Իڻ¹  . 
 һ "ʧڢ¡ ǵ, ʧڢ¡ ͸ʵ, ʧڢ¡
Ǫવ, ʧڢ¡ ෵" - ص.   ʧڢ  -
û,   Գ  ¶ ⻡ڢ ԾԹڷ, 
˵յ ǷԵ.
@ԧö:  .. ʪڵ   .. ֡ó ʪڵյ   ..,. Եڵҹ ǵڵ
@ ..,. صڵ   .. // ͧ.ڡ. / ()/
@ ..,. Ե   .. // ͧ.ڡ. / ()/
@ .. //, .. //, ͧ.ʡ. //   . 
      []  ճǻԻڵ ʹ ˵ڵԡ௹ ͹»Ի
ԯ- Էҹ ͤ»Ի ʵǵڵ  "ҷ.
ڶ Ҷ  ⡵ ͤ,  صڵҹڶ.  
ª:-    ؾ  ; ʡ Իس
ԡڢظ ,  ࢵڵǵڶҷԻԤڤ ʻԤڤ˹  ž
ʵ  ʡڡ ͸Ԥڵعڵ.
      []   ԡڢظ ี ˯ ʹ
 "ҳ  ". ڶ ಹ - ⡯Իطڸ ҳҵԻҵ
 صڵ کಹ ʵ ԵԻڵ. » ਵڶ
ڤҳص - صڶ õ ڵصڵdzڳ - ʾھڻ
dzڳ.  صڵҹڶ. ػڻԻү  ª ҵھ:-
ʶ ʾ  Ը ڱ    ҵ ҹتҵ.
"Ը ڱ"    "ǵ"  Ե.
Եö   ؾྐྵһ ʹڸµյ.
      []  ԡڢһ ʵ Էҹ صԡڢһ ʹ
 " ͷԹڹ" ڶ ԭڨյ ͻڻ   . Ǩյ  
í . ⡵ ͤ. تڬ⹵ "ʹڵԷ"
ҹ. ʾھ ͷԹڹ Ǫڪҵ   Ǫڪ - ʾھ
ͷԹڹ Ǫڪ,  ͭҵ ໵. ڶ صڵ­ڨ ҡڨҵ.
@ԧö:  . ͹Ҥ»Ի ԯ
@ . ඹ   .. / ҷ/ ҷ
@ .. / ҷ/ ҷ   ..,. Իڪ
     []  صԡڢһڻ ⡯Իطڸ ʵ ءڡԨ੷
ص  ʹ  ";¹". ڶ س⵵
ʡ⡹.
      [] Էҹ صڶԡڢһ ʹ  "ڤ ".
ڶ ڤ⵵ ʹڶҤҷԤ. ʤڤ⵵ ٤ڬ. - ڶ
صڵ­ڨ ҡڨҵ.
      []  صڶԡڢһڻ ⡯Իطڸ ʵ ڨ
ʹ  "ڪڨ ҹ". ڶ ڪڨ ҹڵ ҶҾڸآڶ
 صڵ.   "ڪҹڨ  Ҩ".  Էڵ -
 ڪҹո. ҷڵڵ ҷҹ.   ʾھ
ڪҹ Ի,  ٵ ڵǵڵ ˵. Ե 
ԷԵҵ Ե  ڪҹ . ڶ صڵ­ڨ ҡڨҵ.
      []  ڨԡڢһڻ ⡯Իطڸ ʵ Էҹ
ԡڢһҹڻ ڪҹ ʧڡʡíڨ íڨ - ʵ
˵   હ  "  һҹ ùڵ".
ڶ ҵ ˵. ԡ Ի ó. - һҹ ùڵյ
ҳҵԻҵҷչ ʾھҡҹ ùڵ. ҷ ˹ڵ 
ҷ Ը - ˹. صڵҹڶ.
      [-] ͵ڵǵ ͤǡ Ԩڨ ʵ Էҹ
ʶڤҹ ʹ "ҳ  " Ҷҷ. ڶ ;ҵ
ʯٵ. عҵ عһڵ. õڵ  ح
@ԧö:  .. ٤ڪ   ..,. ڵ   . áíڨ
@ .. - ó Ի   .. 
ԡڵ õڵڻ  ح, һ ҵԡڡڵ  ح.
  ڸڵ ͵ڶ ڸڤ೹ ŻسڳҷչԻ Եҵ
ǷԵھҹ. ਵ ڻ. ʹڶ൵ گԡҷ ڻµڶ
͵ڶ.   ⤳ҷʹڶ» ǯگ. ͯڤԡڵ ڨڤԡ 
,  ͧڤԹصڵ. - ءڢڵعҵ ǯگءڢ ͹ڵ൹. ڶ
ҡ. کڲ  ʧڤյԡ صڵڵԻ .
      []  ʶڤҹ ʵ Էҹ ʶ ʹ
 "  ڢ". ڶ ⵵ ó Ի.
ڢػʶڵ  û෹ વھ "ڢ ҵطڷ ڨ
ͯԹڵ    ػ ʶ, ͵  - ͯڤԡ ʶ
ػ Ե". үԡڢڨҵ - ͵ڶ  ٻԡ
 , ͹ -  , ڵԡʵ  ڨ
 "ү»" بڨڵ. ˡڵԡڤس  ҵ
ͻ. - ڢʶҹ کʹ   ջүԻ-
ʵڵչʧڢҵ ڵ ڵ ҵ ͻ,  بڨ, 
˵ھ. ʾھ   ح Եھ. -  ү»ڢڨ
ʹڹҹ ͯڤ໵ - ڵٻ ػԻسڳٻ ͡ڻ 
ͻԨڨ ͯڤ໵ ʶ ػҵ ھڸԵھ.
      []  ʶ ʵ Էҹ   ͵ ʶ
ػ  ҵھ,  ʹ  "  ". ͵ڶһ
⵵ ó Ի, ͹ڵõ - , Ͷҵ صڵ ˵. ⵵
@ԧö:  . ͯڤԹصڵ   .. -ʷ  ʵ
@ ..,. ү...   .. ͹   . 
@ . ҵھ   ..,.    ʵ   . ͹ڵï
ͻêڪطʻؾھ ػصڶⶵ - ػԵ. ͹๹ҵ
ҤڵҷԹ. ๹ҵ ͯԸ๹. ͹⹵ ͹ػ, ùڵ
⹵ ͵. ¶˹ڵ ͵ڵ ͹໹, ¶ʵڵ ¶ҾŹڵ صڵ
˵. શҵ  - .  ҡ.
      []  ػصڶʶ Ԩڨ ǵ Էҹ Ǫԡ ǵڵ
Ҫǻطڸԭڨ ඵ  Ի ͸Ԥڵھҹ ʹ 
" ҵһԵ". ڶ ҵ ŷู ह. ҵ
. ԡ  dzԪڪڵ ʵڵdzԪڪʵڶdzԪڪdzԪڪdzԪڪ-
dzԪڪҵ  ڨ ͸dzԪڪ Ǫવ  ԡdzԪڪ.
dzԪڪࢹ ਵڶ áڢҷ ͻû   ʧڤ.
صڵҹڶ.   ª:-  Ԩڨʶŷҹ-
ڹҤ  ª ԡ dzԪڪ,  ŷู  
͹໵ڵ  ह ҵһԵ , Ͷ    ͻڻ
ҷ ص صڵ  ǵڵ ǵڵ¹     ͵ڵ
 ͹ڸ Ը š೹ ڻҵ ŷڸ  Ǩ,
 ڻ   ໵  µ,  Ծھڵ
Ծھڵյ.
                     ڶ⪵ԡ  طڷ
                          صڵԻҵ
                       ԡصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.
                 ԯ  ص Ǥ ͵ڶdzڳҹ,
                           Ǥ⤵
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@ԧö:  . ػد ,. 



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=29&A=4213 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=29&A=4213 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=332 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=8275 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=8268 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=8268 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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