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мվҤѹط
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Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ صڵ.. (ڶ.)

                         . عڷصڵdzڳ
      [] بک ع ٵڵ عڷصڵ.  ػڻڵ? ʧࢻ
 ͵ڵڬ»êڬͯػڻڵԻبکԡ  ػڻڵ 
صڵ بکԡ ػڻڵ. Եڶ  ͡   
ԡڨ ˵ ԡڢহ ʷڸ ¹  .  ط
  õ عڷ ûصڵ ھ.  ص 
"Ͷ   ؾھ ʵ ڵҷ ʷڸ ԡڢহ,
¹ عڷ ûصڵ ʹ ൹ػʧڡ, ػʧڡԵ 
 շ" -  ص Ҥ¹ - Եڶõھ.
       ԡڢহ ʷڸ Թ ǵ ع ûص طڸڻآ
ԡڢ ʹ ­ڪٻҷԤڤ˳ڶ ԡڢٹ dzڳҪҹ
ػ, ͻ ԡڢһ ࡨ ԡڢ dzڳҪҹ ڻԨک, -
ࡨ  ڻԨک. -   ͡ Ҫ ͵ڵ  ڵ,
صҪ طڸ  ˹ڵ. ڶ ͭ һԡڢ ʤڦԡ
@ԧö:  .. //    .. Ҥ     .. Ԩک
dzڳҪ ͵ڵ ڶ ڻڵ ¨Ե൹ حڨԡڶԡ
ڢԻ. ع Ե ˵ڶҷ Ե ǹڵ  ԡڢ
ࡹ  ԡڢ ͷڷ,    ͻ  ص  
ԭڨ  ǵ    ǹ, ͻԨ "Ԩکҷԯԡҹ Ǩ
 ".  "   صڵ , ط Թڹ
շһ " ҵء ¹ ǹڵ ػʧڡԵ 
"بک عԹ".
      ڶ بکյ Է " بک ͷԯ⪵ بک"ҷԹ -
¹ Է صڵ. عԹڵ ͵ڻ " بڨ ҳ. 
 ҹ  ҷԯ, ൹ ೹ ڹҤ ع,
ڻ⵵, ճ ҹ ¹"ҷԹ - ¹ 
صڵ.  ๵ڶ ʧ:- بکյ ͡ ù عԹڵ
عع ǹڵ Ż. ٵڵҷչ صǨҹ,   ع
عҵ. ڶ ٵڵ ԻŻ. »¹ڵԡڵ  Իŵ
ǷԵھ. Ե ع ûص⵵ Է  ص صڵ.
   ͵ڵڻ ǵ ʾھ صڵ ౵ صڵ
dzڳ.
      طڸڵ  ط ¾طڸ. Թڵ ڤ
ڵ صڵ Ե ͵ڵ ػڻҷԵԻڻµҷչ   Ҩ
,  Ҫ ǵڵԹڵ ͵. صڵڻ ਵ:-
             "    ͹ػڻڹ ڤ
         ػڻ෵, ʭڪҵ ڤ ʭڪ๵, ͹ڢҵ
@ԧö:  .. // ()    .. //, .. //- ()
         ڤ ͡ڢҵ, ڤ ڤԷ ڤ, ڤҹؤ 
          ͵ ǡ ùڵ ک ڹҤ". -
      յ˹ڵ Ԥǵ. Իصڵڵ - Իҹ صڵ. ڶ
ԭڨһ    Իصڵ , Ͷ  ǵ ʵڵ ͻ 
Ի   ʭչʭ ,  ʾ صڵ. Ͷ 
ءڡԨ੷ʹ Իصڵ - بڨ. Ի  ʾھʵڵҹ
ءڡ ڡǵڵǡਡطڸҷչ - ڶ ػڻڵ, ʭڨ
صڵ ص ʾھʵڵصڵ ص ˵. öչ ùڵ õյ
ö, ˵ڶԷҷչ ͸Ǩ. ʭڨ   ͹صڵù ࡹ -
ʷ  ڶ. ¶:-
              "˵ڶԷࡹ ԡڢ ˵ڶԷ  ͡ 
           ǵ õڶ  ک  صڵ  ڢԳ . ʷࡹ
           ԡڢ ʷ  ⤷ࡹ ԡڢ ⤷ 
           ڢԳ . Ҥ൹  ԡڢ ˵ ھطู
           ʷ  ͯ  Ըǵ, ٻ ٻҹ ʵ, 
            -   ʭǷԵø ػڻڪ õ, 
           ͯ ". -
      յ ͵ڶڻبک. ࡵ ʵڵ. ҵ بکԵھ͵ڶԷʹ.
ԧڦҵ Ҩ Ի. ԧڦҵ  ԧڦ. յ Ҩԡڢ
ٵ.
@ԧö:  .. //, .. //- ()    .. Իصڵڵ
@ .. Իصڵ                       .....ਡطڸطڸҹ
@ .. ๹         ..      .. //-
      []  ص  عڷ ûصڵ "  , 
͡Ź"ҷԹ - ¹ Ի ͻبکԵ  بکڵ 
Ǫહ " һԡڢ ʹڸ  بک"  
ڵڵ -  ໹  " ". ڶ õ
ʧڢһԨ. ҵ Ҩ  Եڶ ෹ Ƿ. ¶
"ҹ ҹ ضҹ ǵ⡵ڤҹ". - Ҩ ضتڪ.
¶ " ҵ  ԡڢ  ʭڪҹҵ". - Ҩ ʡ.
¶ " ԡڢ , Ը ص " - Ҩ ճ.
¶ "ҹ   ˵". Ҩ ͵ڵҹ. ¶ "⳵
ԡڢ Ҥʵ ͸Ǩ". - Ը    ʾྻ 
ǹڵ ضتڪڨ, صඹ Ե ڻ ڱءǡ 
ڵࡹ ⳵ ʧڤԵ " " .  ڨڶյ
 Թ ڵࡹ ԭڵࡹһ ڨ  
ڶ.
        ԡյ     ҡ . ʡڢԻد
آ بک. ڤ⹵ ह ʾھ ԪԵյ ͵.
ڤ⡵  ڤ. -  ǵյ ʵڵ ʡ  ⡨
ʡ ͻԵڤʵڵ šصڵ, ǹڵضتڪ  š 
ǵ , ǹڵضتڪ  šصڵڤԵڵ ǹ⵻  ǵյ
ǷԵ.   ڤյ    Ԩکҷԯ ڤ» -
Իڵ ڤ ⡵ ͵.
@ԧö:  .. //              ..,. ͭ ڵ
@ .. //              .. //
@ .. //, .. //, ͧ.ءڡ. //
@ ͧ.ͯ. // ()    .. ڤ ʵ   ....
      [] "   "  ǵ ʧ໹ طڷԯ
  " ڶ ڤ,  ڤ,   ǵ,
 ڤ"  ԪڬԵ ʡ⡹ ع بکԵ ع 
" ڤԹ". ڶ  ǵ     ǵ,   
د.  ҡ.
      [] Էҹ  û   Ҷ Էڷʹ
 " Գڳ ". ڶ Գڳ ŵ ͵
äص صڵ.   :-   Ҷ ڤ⹵
طڸ ͸Ի,  ʾھص೹ һٻ
ʾھ ͭҳ Գڳڵһ "Գڳ" ǷԵ. ؾ
صڵ¹  Գڳһ ʵһڹҷ ਡطڸҹ
ʡҤҷ طڸ» ͻڻ˵ҳڻǵڵ - ¹
͵Գڳ ˹ڵ,   ʾھڻù Գڳⶵ.
Ծھҹ⵵ Ծھ , һڵʹ ʷ ԾھҹԹڹԵ⵵
͵. ҷ  . ¶:-
               "   ͤڤʹ  Ҷ 
             ҸԹԵ  ͪڬڵ  Եڵ  ʳ
           - ʹڹ, ⡷ , - ҷ". -
      ͹ҹؤԷ⸵ ڨ  ู ͹ҹؤԪڬ. š
ǡ ๵ҵ ҹҹ  ʵ ¹ҷ
@ԧö:  .. ˵...              - . ʹڹշ, ⡷ԡû
@ .. //
 صڵ ͻҳҹ ҹ ʨڨǸڻҷ๹
ǡ š ๵ Ե õ,  ڻ໵ҵ ͵. ҷԹڵ
ҷ, - ¶صڵڻ š  - Ծھԡùڵ ͵. ڶ
ҡ.
      []    Ҷ "ڤԹ" طڸ ԷڷԵ
Էҹ ճ Էڷʹ  " ". ڶ  
Ծھҹ, ʾھҹ ͤڤ صڵڵ ͵. ڵ ¸ ҵ 
 Ԩ  Ը   ڨǡڢ೹. ͡ڢҵ  -
 ڵ Ծھҹ ͡ڢҵ, ͵ڵ Էڸڵ  ҡ
õ "Է Ծھҹ" ڤ  " ڵ ʵԻҹ
   ͯڤ ". ڻ  ؤڦԵٹ
ʧࢻʹ Ҩԡڢ, ԻڨԵٹ Եڶʹ . 
Ҩԡڢ  "   ,   Էڸ" ˹ҷ
 ͡ڢҵ  . ൹ صڵ "͡ڢҵ  -  ".
 ڢԷ ع ๪ڵ  ٻ ʨڨู ͵ڵ, ʹ
  ڢ੷๹ ڢکԷ, ڹҤ ع, ͪʧڢҵ
  ๪ ص ԡڢع ڤԹڵ.
      []   Ҷ  ͹ػڻڹ - ڤ ػڻ෵
ʹ ͹صڵ ڤ ⹻ ٵ ŢҨ  í ͵ڵ
ʹ ʹ⪵ڨ "ڤԹ" ճ ԷڷԵ Էҹ
@ԧö:  . ҷԹ             .. -ʷ  ʵ
@ ..           ..,. ͹صڵ
ʡڢڨ ǹڵضتڪڨ Էڷʹ  " ".
ڶ dzڳ ҡ.  ๵ڶ ͵ڶdzڳ:-  Ծھҹ
ڵ ,  ͹ ͹ػ Եڵ ҹٻ 
ʵԻҹҷԹҹڻ Եڵ , ڤڤջ ͹ԵڤԨڨڵ
 ǵ,  ʭ, ҷ ػԯԵ áҷó
 ʵ ʵ, ͹ڵһ Ǫڪ  ͹Ǫڪڵ, ⡯ǹ
 ڵ ʵڵڵ⾸Իڢ¸ʧڢҵҹ ͹Ǫڪҹ ڤҳ ص
ǹǹ ,  ԡڢٹ  ڤԹڵ ٵ.
      []    Ҷ "ڤԹ" ʡڢ ǹڵ
ضتڪڨ ԷڷԵ Էҹ  ڱءǡ - 
ڵ - Էڷʹ  " ҹ". ڶ  ҹҵ
ٻ Ե,  ˵, ԧڤ õҵ ͵. ؾھҹڵ
طڸਡطڸǡҹ.   عڷҹ ǵҹ,   ؾھҵ
بڨڵ. ڢڷյ ڢڷ, ͹ ⡵ ͵.  
ٶԨکҷڶ ԳڳҷԨک  ͵ڵ ǻԨکҷڶ
ؾھҹ  ҹ - "ڻ ԡڢ" ԡڢ ڢڷ,
"͵ڵʹ ԡڢع ˵ھ ͵"   "
͵ڵ" Ե ڢڷ, ൹ بڨ " ҹ ؾھҹ
ڢڷ". عڹڻ ڵҷԡҹ ػڻڹ ҷ ͹ٻԻڵ
ʵյ ŷ.  ͯ๹ »Ҥ¹, د๹
ǨջҤ¹, ๡๹ ⹻Ҥ¹  ڹҤ⵵ ͵.
ڶ ʧ, Եڶ  ڵصڵdzڳ ǡڢ. -
@ԧö:  . ڱ ǡ             .. ڵ
@ ..                    .. ǡڢ
      Ԩکҷšڢ  ڹҤڵ . ǹ
ʭ. - һʷʵڵ . ¶   ͹ ڱ⵻
 ʹ   ʵ, ม ͹ ҷԤس⵻ 
ؾھک๹ ʹ   ʵ,  -  һʷʵڵ
"" بڨ. ҹһҹʵص  "ͻһ ԡڢ , Իڻһ
ԡڢ  طڸ  - ԯԵ" -  ضتڪ⳻
"" ص. Ը  ص  "  ˶ 
ҹ"  Ҫ "" ص. ໹   ڤյ
 ؾھҹ   ¶ ùڵ "í , ءڢ,
ء, Գڱҵ, ͻڻԨ, ʹڵد"  -  ҹҵ, 
໹ صڵ໹   Ҩù -   ؤڤ - ͵ڵ
šصڵڤ,  ؤڤ  ʹ "ڤ" ǷԵ.
      []   Ҷ "ڤ"  ڵ
ԷڷԵ Էҹ  ͭ ; ໹  "
 Ԫڬ". ʵ:-    ¶ص൹ šڢ೹
Ԫڬ ͭ ʨکҡ  ˯ ڵ    ͭ
 ⡨,  عڹ ҹ šڢǹ൹ ص, 
šڢ ҹ ʹڵ صڵ ,   "­ڨ ­ڨ
šڢ" ҹ൹ ʻڻ, ҷ  ک ص ڤ,
Եû ʾ ๵ҷҵ  Ե   һ - ùڵڻ ͵
@ԧö:  .          ..            . طڸ
@ .. //                     ..    ʵ
@- .. ù ؤڤ                  . һ
һԡڢ . ڶ ª:-   Ԫڬ  ˯ ص
 ʻڻ    ʾ "๵ҷ" 
 Ե   ໵ ʷڸ,  һ ùڵ һԡڢ
һ  ໵  µ ʵ ʷڸҵ.
        Ҷ  ; ໵ Էҹ Ե һ
"ʾ ๵ҷ" ҹڵ ǡ ʹ  "  د"
       ھ:- ͵   صڵ ص ǡ,
·Է ͡ڨ һ ùڵ Ե һ ʾ "๵ҷ" ҹ.
֡ó - ?  د ڻد, طڸ طู  ҵ.
ʵ:-   ص  ʻڻ Իڵ د ڤԹ
ͷد Ե  ʷڵ طڸ Ҩõҷ - طู
ک ڵ೹   ʷʹڵ ҵ.
      صڵ ػʡ      Ե. ڢڵ
  չڵ.
                     ڶ⪵ԡ طڷ
                          صڵԻҵdzڳ
                       عڷصڵdzڳ ԯԵ.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=28&A=3877 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=28&A=3877 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=25&i=302 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=25&A=7177 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=25&A=7128 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=25&A=7128 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_25

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㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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