͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ ͧ.. (ö.)

                         . صڵdzڳ
     [] ص  ҵھҵ ù ҵھ. ػ 
. Ըҵ  . ʧڢҵ ʧڢ ҹԵ, - ڨǡڢԵҵ
͵. ¹ʵ ػ¹ ඹ. ͵ڶ   ҷչǻʧڢ ¹
ʧڢҵ ǷԵھ.   " ԡڢ ڵ ҡ ҷԵڵ
ڻڪԵ ⪵ٵ ڢعڷ ڻ,   ڢԭ
 ͹ؾ­ڪ Եڵڤ"ҷԹ ҷԵڵ¹ - ǷԵھ.
ڢعڷ õյ ͵ڶ ڢ Թڷ ڢعڷ,
ó , Է˹ ⵵ صڵ ˵. ʵ ͵ ͸Ǩ. ڢعڷ
@ԧö:  .. Ԫҵµ   .. گصڵԡҵ   .. Ťعڵ
@ .. ʭڪҹԵ   . . // طڷǤڤ ()
 ڢعڷ.  ػڻڪ⹻    ҹ
ػڻڵó ڢعڷõ بڨ. ⵵ ൹ ù . 
 "ҵڢ"   "Թ ҵڢù  ˵
 ڹҤ" صڵ. Ͷ յ ,  Էյ صڵ ˵.
ڢعڷ⵵ ڢعڷʧڢҵ ʵԡү ڢط ÷
ү    Էյ صڵ ˵. ǵڶ ͵ عڷõ.
  "ڢعڷ ص , ص "  
 ͵ ʵյ.
      ҵҷ  ڢعڷ  ԡڢ ص Ͷࡵ
ͻԷԵ ùڵҵ ͵. ¡   ¹ڵ , 
ҵ ͵.  Ԧҵҵ ڵ   ͭ 
Ԧҵ ʻ  Իҡ . ڢطԭ ԯ
һҶ ҷʹ ҷ Թڷ  ػڻڪ, "շ
ֻͭ ؤ " ǻڶ ҷ  ػڻڪ,
ʵ⵵  ʵڵҵ   ԯ ػڻڪ, ʾ ˪ҵ
ͭҳ Ԫڪǵ ڵ  ػڻڪڵ.  - ڻصڵ ͻ
 Ԧҵ µ   Իҡ Ի ص 
ػڻعڵ بڨڵ.  ൵   , ൹ػ¹  ˹ڵ,
 ͭҵ صڵ ˵. ʧڢ ¹ ʵԹڷ⵵ҷ 
.  بڨڵ   ҵھҵ    ڵ
ڵ  ʵ  ù ҵھҵ بڨڵ.
@ԧö:  .. 
     ʧڢ ¹ ùڵҷ  ǵڵھ,  ʾھ طڸ -
š صڵ.  ҵ ­  Գڱҵҷ  ͭ .
ͻڻ⵵  ¹ ͻڻǹڵ.   - ŷڸ ҷ
ڶ ŷڸ  ҷ  ػڻڵ ǷԵھ, շ ֻͭ
ؤ յ ǻڶ ҷ ,    յ 
  Էڵ ͵ڵʭ ͸ԯ ԯ, ʾ   
Ԫڪǵ  عڹ ҹ ػڻڵ Ԧҵ - Ƿػڻҷ⵻
ǷԵھ.  بڨڵ ԡڢ  ǹ ҵھҵ  ͡
ڨ ڵ ڵ    Թ ҳʧڢ൹
ڨǡڢ๹ ҵھҵ بڨڵ.
     ʧڢ ¹  ˵ յҵ ػ¹ ඹ ڨǡڢԵ
ڵ ˵ յ, յ  ˵,  û  ͻڻڵࡹ ൹
ŵ ڻ ҹ Ԫ˵. سҷػ  . ͵ڶ  Ǩ
Ǩⶵ ǷԵھ. ءڢҹڵҷ ءڢ ءڢ, ů Ծھ,
ʯ , ԢԳ ء, ҷ ҵ,  DZڲ
һ, ҳóڶ ҳҵ ǷԵھ.  ҵ յҷ §ڡԭڨ
͡ . ͹⵵ - ͹ʹڵ ͡ڢڵ. ػڻڵ
๵ڶ  ǷԵھ:- ൹ د س ڶ  ػڻڪ,
 ʾھڶ. "ڶ ؤ յ  س "  ඹڵ ,
 յ س˹ڵ  ԯ, ʾ ڻص Ԫڪǵ. 
بڨڵյ  յҷ ͡ ʹ ڵ ڵ  
  ڵʧڢҵ ͸ʹ ҵھҵ بڨڵյ ͵.
@ԧö:  طڸ. / ŹԷ   .. 
@ Ԧү , .. // ʾھصڵ   .. ͹⵵
     ʧڢ ¹ ڱ˵ڶ Ǫવյ  ⳵  ڱ
˵ڶ ʹ ҵھ. ⵹Էҹ óڻ óڵڻ ءڢ ҵ
 ػ¹ ඹ ڨǡڢԵ ڱ˵ڶ Ǫવ ԡڡ. 
 ʾھڶ. ڱڵ د . ҳعڵ âҳءҷ. گҹڵ -
µڶ گ Ԫڬڵ,  ͡. ʾڵ ʾھ Թڹ. ҵڵ
͡ Թڹ. ڷԡڵ بکԯҷչ ڱҹ. ԤŹڵ
 ڷҷչ ʹڷ⹡.  ڳڵ بԵ ˵. ǻ ਵҹ
ҹҹ ڹʷҹҹ - ˹ڵ,  Ǫવھҹ. ͹๵ ͵ڶ
صڵ ʹ ͹ʹ,  ͵ڶ ͹µǵڶٵ ˻Ԩکڹʹڵ ǷԵھ.
⤨õ ͵ڶһ ص ⤨ ⤨.  ҷ ڨ.
һ Ե൵   Եڵٻ Ե. һٵ .
͡عڵ ʷڷ ͸ب "ͷڸ  ͡  ʵ
".  ҵ ˵ڶҷ §ڡԭڨ ͡ . ػڻڵ ๵ڶ 
ǷԵھ:- ˵ڶҷԹԷ๹ ءࢹ د آ ڶ  ػڻڪ,
"ڶ ؤ շ ءڢ"  ඹڵ ,  ˵ڶ ڷ 
ʵ  ԯ, ʾ ڻص Ԫڪǵ.  بڨڵյ
 ˵ڶҷ ࡡ ʹ ڵ ڵ    Թ
ʧڢ൹ Ǫڪ๹ ҵھҵ بڨڵ.
     ʧڢ ¹ ػڻڹ Եڡ Ҹʵյ "ԵԻ Ե
͡, ԵԻ Ǫ, ԵԻ ءڢԻ,    ͵ڵҾҸ»
ǵڵ"ҷԹ - ¹ ¹ Ե ҷչ ڨǡڢԵ 
  ػڻڹ Եڡ Ҹʵ, Եڵ ໵  ʵ,
;ڵ 
@ԧö:  . گҸҹڵ   . ʷدҹ   .. //
 ʵյ ͵. ͹ʹ  õյ? ˵.   
ԯࡹҵ?  , ͻԨ   ෵ ط Ԫڬ õ.  Ծڷ
 ෹ҵ?  , Ͷ  ¹ڵաõ Ԥڵ õ, ¶
͹⵻ ʵ ͹ڵ ڤڵ,   õյ.    
õյ? ͹  ͹ ͹  , ԡڢڻ๹ ¶
ԡڢ ˵,  õ. Եڡ»  . ػڻڹػڻ๵
ػڻ ػڻ, ػڻڹҵ صڵ ˵. ʡ  ػڻ
෵ ص ͪڬ໡ڢԵ  ˹ڵ, ʵڢڵ ػڻ ػڻ
෵ҵ. - һ ͡   Եڡҷ, ʾྻ 
 Ե. ڶ  صڵ,  - "ҵԵ Ե
Ե ҹطڷµһص Ե ʡڡšص Ե
͹ǭڵԻص Ե" -  .  ҵ  Ե
§ڡԭڨ . Ե ๵ڶ , ھ , ڻص
ԯ, ʾھԵ Ԫڪ Ԫڪǵ  ػڻڵ ǷԵھ.
 بڨڵյ  Եڡҷʹ صڵڻ  Թ
  Ե ҷչǻڨǡڢ൹ ʧڢ൹ ⹷๹
ҵھҵ بڨڵ.
     ʧڢ ¹ ʵ⾪ڬڤ ǵյ ǹ ҷչ ǹ
 ҹ ػ¹ ඹ ڨǡڢԵ ʵ⾪ڬڤ ǵ.  
ʾھڶ. ⾪ڬڤҹ ǹ  - ˯ ԵڶԵ.  ҵ 
⾪ڬ §ڡԭڨ . ػڻڵ ๵ڶ  ڤڻصڵҹ
⾪ڬڤҹ Եڵ  ػڻ ҷ ,  
@ԧö:  .. ෵   .,. 
@ . . // ջصڵصڵԷ ()   ..    ʵ
  ˹ڵյ   ǷԵ.  بڨڵյ  ҷ 
 šصڵ ⾪ڬڤǹ ҵھҵ بڨڵ. () -



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=16&A=3144 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=16&A=3144 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=22&i=329 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=22&A=9109 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=22&A=9133 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=22&A=9133 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_22

ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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