͹ͺ
мվҤѹط
                      ͧ
Թ»Ԯ صѹԮ ԸԮ 鹾ûԮ Ҵ ˹ѧ͸
ҹ˹[ҧ] áҹ˹[ҧ] ʴŢ˹
㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ  
ö Һѡ .. (õڶ.)

                        . ⶻصڵdzڳ
     [] ص آʾŵ ԡآ ਵԡʭڨ
 ҵ آʾ. ¹  ÷ڸ ˵յ ó 
Իسڳ ˵. ҹ ҵ Ը ǡڢµ ˵ڵ ͸Ի,
ڶҵ ͵. ͸ڵⷵ ö  Ե. ¹Ԩکڵ
¹ ह Ԩک. ·Ԩکڵ    Ԩک. ҵ .
ڨҵ Թǵ. áڢҵ áڢڶ. ʭҵ
ǤԤڤ˳ڶ. ҵ Ծھǹڶ. ػҵ ٻڶ.
         ⢵ ͵ڶ ¶ ͡ ö ͷ Թڸ
વ ह ö ʹڵ ڡҹԻ Ԫڪڵ, ͡⢻ Թڸҹ
 , ͵ڵһ ͹¾ʹ һسҵ,   ԨکԵԨک൹ ๹
õ ʡ⡵,   Թڷ ͤصڵ ԡڢ  ԨکԵԨکԵ
õ ͹Ե ʡ⡵. ¶   - ö  Թڸ વ
  ö ͵õ  ˵ Թڸҹ  ʵ
໵ ⵷ ҷ Ծھ  ʹ ԨکԵԨک൹ ๹
@ԧö:  . ʷڸ          . 
õ,   Թڷ صڵ ԡڢ  
ԨکԵԨکԵ õ ͹,  ͹Ԩڨҹػʹآ ҳ ʵء ˵,
آ ҳ ک. ءڢҹػʹҷػ  .
         ڵٵ  ҳ, ڶ  ҳҹ
Ԥڤ˳ڻҳڨ ڻҳڨ. ڶ Ԥڤ˳ڻ ¡ 
ǷԵ, ¸  ǷԵ, ͵ڵ  ǷԵ. - 
 ԡڢ  ¸  ˵,  ͻڻ ҵء, ¡
ʹ ͻڻ ҵ. ¸ ͻ,   ҵء,
¸ ʹ ͻڻ ҵ. ¸ , ⡻  ҵء,
͵ڵ   ೹ ҵ.   Ԥڤ˳ڵص
ػڻڹ   ػڻ෵, ػڻڹڨ  õ ԡҪ
ʵڵ  .
        í  ڨ ʡ  . Ҫ "
ڳҡ,  Թ  ҷ" ͱڲҹ ʡʵҹ 
ʵ ڻ صڵҵ ͤ.  ˯ ҷԡڢҹ
ʹڹԻ. Ҫ ͡  ԡ ໵  "í
  ڵ ҳ, ԵҪ õ ,  ⡨
ڵԤڤ   ҵ,  ".
          "⾸ ਵҹ ǹڷ" ਵ»ھ
Ҥڵ  ʹ ڱ ԡڢ  ˹ 
ک Ҥکڵ   "ڶ  ̹ ͵".  
@ԧö:  .. ҹԵ
ڶյ.   ڤŹڵ, ࡹ ԯŻ൹ Գڱࡹ
ҡ ͵ⶵ.  š Ե  ʤڤԻү ͯ.
 š ˳ٻ - õ ءڢԻ,  ͧڤ . ҵ
 Ҫҹ  Ҫ ҳ, š յ. 
ػʡ Ҫ  ˪ڬ ˹ڵ, ҡ - ػڬ
͵ڵ ͵ⶵ.
    Ҫ   ص "   "  ʹڵԡ
Ҥ. -   " Ҫ طڷ,   ҵ".
Ҫ  "ҹյҪ õ ˶ ". Ҫ Ҫ 
˪ڬ ˹ڵ, ءڢԵڵҪ õ ҵء, ҡ 
ػڬ ͵ڵ ͵ⶵ. Ҫ Թ " ʵڵԡ,
ͪڪһ آ ä  بڨ, ˵  -  د 
õ ǻ عʻ ҷҵ  Ƿ, ʡڡ طڸ
Ԥڤ˵ع"  ҳ " ʹ ʹ ,
ԵҹԻ ͱڲҹ ʡʵҹ ๵  ෶".
      Ҫ ͡ Եڵ ҷԵء Թ " 
ͧڤûڡ Եڵ ҷԵءյ ͭ , ڵ
ª Եڵؤڦҵ ʹڵ" ػڻڹڻ  ͸ʹ ճ
Ǩکҹ յԹ. Ͷ  ؾ ʳ,  ͸ʵ
ʡ⡹ "͵ڶ    ҡ ⡨ ػҡػ - áڢ"
@ԧö:  .. ˳ҹ     .. ҡ       .. 
@ ..                . ػҡ
بک.   ͵ڶ,    ͢ڱ áڢյ. Ͷ 
Եء .  Ҥڵ Ҫҹ ǹڷԵ ͯ.  
 " ҵ  ".  ҵ. ൹ کҵ.  
͡ ءڡد ໵ ͡  ҳ "ک  Ƿ, 
  Ե ҡ ػ".  ڵ  Ǩ. 
 "    , ¶ ҹ,  Ե ػ,
ҳҵԻҵ  ".  Ҥڵ í .
    Ҫ ع "͡ ک" .  ڵ "Ҫػҹ
 ,   , ع  ʡڡ ҷҵ, ਵڵ - . Ͷ
  Ǩ " ͡  ͵ڵ  ͡ ó, 
ҳҵԻҵ ".  ع í . Ҫ ڻ ʵ
ڻԨکڵ ໵ ͵ڵ بک. í  Ǩ ͷ.
Ͷ Ҫ  ҳ " í ҳ ໵, ک
Ҧҵڱԡ ໵  Թڷ".     ʭ "
ʹڵڪҹ - ๵  Ҧҵڱԡ ໵ Ҥڵ 
ਸ਼".
      Ҧҵڱԡ Իڪ໵  ءڡد ˵ .
  ˷ ໵ " ҵ  Ե  ,  Ե 
,  Ծ ک" ʪ. ءڡ  ௵
ҡʹ ڵ ǯگء .  ءڡد ·Թڹҹ ءڡد
 ҵ.
@ԧö:  .. ਵڵ              . ʹڵڪҹ
    Ҫ  ǵڵ ص ڨصڵ ໵ ʾھ
ŧڡԵ  "ҵ   ͵ڶ ,  Եڵ
ҷԵء ճ Ǩکҹ ͵ԡڡڵҹ, ʡڢ  ⡯Իطڸ
 ػ໵ع". "͵    " ԡڢԵ ùڵ
 ͡    Եڵ ˵ ʹڵ   һ
 Եڵ ҷ ี áҷ ʵ ͧڤ ػ
Ե í ػ. Ҫ ҵ Իŧ Թ ͡
˵ ⶡ ԹڷԵ  ڢԻ,  ʵڵóҹ
Ե ͯ.
      ԡڢ Ե "ҷ   Ҫ Եڵ
ҷԵء ճ Ǩکҹ  , ڨ ԡڢ  ʵ"
 ڢԵڵڱ  . ڨص ڹ Ե ࢹ
. Ҫ " ҵ, ҹ  Է, Թ  ೹
 ͵ ڱԵ" ඵ "ʡ  ʧ໵ " .
    ع Ҫٻ  Գڱ . ڨص  
ڵ ˵ Ҫ . ͭ رڲھ⵻ 
ک  ص ͹ؾڸ .  "í һԵԡڢ
ʵ" ڪ. ڨص⵻ " ػ ʵ" ҷ һڪ.
 շ໵ Ҥ ͷ. Ҥ յ Ҫ Եڵ ػ. û
͡ , Եû ͡ . Ҫ "͹ ͵ڶ, ͹һبکԵ ҷԵ 
صڵ"  һب.  ˵ڶ Է, š ڻԨک. Ҫ
͹ڵ ص ڵԨڨ  ڵ ҷ ͹ؤک  "
 Ҥک ؤڤԵǵڵ ԡڢ ˵ Ҥڵ ǯگ". 
  ͭ "  í һ".
    ع ػҡ ˵ . Ҫ һ Ҥ յ
Եڵ ػ.  ͡ ͤڤ,  ͧڤ ŵ 
Թڷ໵ ͡⡯ ͤڤ. Ҫ  ⡯  ػ.
 ˵ڶ Է, û Է. Ҫ Է շԵ ڱҢڱ
ԹڷԵ ҷ "ؤڤԵǵ  ±ڲԵڵ ҷԵ "
.   ҷԵ  ؾ ԡڢ.  آ ԡڢŵ
 ػʧڡԵ "ʹ ҵ, ͯ  ڵҹ " . 
Ҫ ػڬ յ. ͻҹԻ ͯ յ. ҹ ҡ Ҩ
յ. ͻҹԻ ͯ յ. ҹ ҹػڬҹ յ. ͻҹԻ
ͯ յ. ҹ ԡڢ յ. ͻҹԻ ͯ յ. 
͸.   Ԥڤ˳ڵ ҹ ͹ػڻڹ  ػڻ෵,
ػڻڹڨ  õ. Է Ԥڤ˳ҳ . ڶ ҳ
ڨǡڢª, "Էڶ   حڪ"  ڨǡڢԵ
ªڵ ڻҳ ,  Ը ͸Ի໵. 
ʧڢ ¹ʵҷ. Եڻ  ǯگ.
    ¹ڵ ͵ڶ  ໵  Ҥҵ
 . ڶ "¹ ԡڢ   ʹ ʹڵ" -
 .   ¹ ڢԳʹ   ڶ.
@ԧö:  ͧ.ءڡ. //
"¹ ԡڢ ໵ صڵҹ ʹڵ" -  ໵. ໵ 
ͻڻԵڵ ͯʧڦүԵ ࡹ ʹ Ե  ʡ⡹ڵ,
صڵҹ ¹ڵ.
    "¹ ԡڢ  ԤҪ ڤد ͹ڵʵڶ ͹ػڢԻԵ
ڢ೹ ʹ µ" - ڻ . ൪ʷڵ   ԤҪ
ǻ  ͡, ک ͡  ໵ ڤد
͹ڵʵڶ ڢԻԵ ҷکҷڤدҹ ⵡ šࢵ
Թڹ ҷҹ ڶ  ໵ µ, ڻ Ե تڬ
 صʹ تڬ,   ءڢԻԵ ҷҷչ ⵡ
šࢵ.  ԭڨ ҹ ԪԵ Ե ˵, "Է  ҵ
  ͹ٻ" ͹ڵ ص ع  - µ  ⤨
ڡ. ԪԵ   " ҵ    ͹ٻԷ"
˯د د ԪԵ ԪԵ  ԸعԵ ԡڢڵ
˹ҷ Ե ⤨ ڡ.
    صڶڬҹ  Ҥҵ بڨ.  Ը 
Ҥ.   ൪ʷһڵ صڵ .
     ҷڵ ڢԳ ҷ. ͨڨҸҵ ͵Ҹ, ʡ
͵ԡڡ ໵. ⤻ڼࡹ  ⤻ڼ ڹع  ҹ ʧڦگ
Գ Ƿ ػڻڪ, Եڵ ͡ڤ  ˵,  ͼء ˵.
¶   ʧڦ௵,  ͵ԡڡ  Ƿ ػڻڪ, Եڵ
͡ڤ ˵,  ء ˵.    ໵.
@ԧö:  ͧ. ءڡ. //     . , .. ص 
     ڻ⹵  Էڷ¹  ڻ ˵յ?
ʵڻ ͻڻ๹.   ʭ ʡڨ ó 
Եڵ ี  ڡ   ǹ⵻
šҹ Ԫ˹ ǵ,  Ԫ˹  õ,  շ,
Ԫ˹ Էڷ ͡ڡ. تڬ  šҹ ˵
تڬ.  Էڷ ͡ڡ⵻  ڻ ˵. ͵ 
ҳҵءڵ  è.
    صڵ¹  Եڵ ี  "ػҷԹڹ
 Էڷ " - ڡ  šҹ Ԫ˹
 ǵ,  õ,   շԵ šҹ 
"ڸ , ҵ ҵ ˭ڵ" ʹʹ ڨǡڢ
 Էڷ ͡ڡ, تڬ  šҹ ˵ تڬ.
 Էڷ ͡ڡ⵻  ڻ  ˵յ ǷԵ.
    Ե  ص ǧڤԡ ؾھҤԻʹ Ե. ͵ڵ
 ҹ ͹һڪԵ  Թڷ¾⾪ڬڤҹ ๵
Իʹ DZವ ԡڢ ˵ڵ һسҵյ.   ˵ڵ ʹ
ඵھ.



öҺѡ ˹ -. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=13&A=1712 The Pali Atthakatha in Roman :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=13&A=1712 ҹö :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=18&i=317 ͤûԮѺǧ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=18&A=4834 ûԮѺѡ :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=18&A=4453 The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=18&A=4453 úѭûԮ http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_18

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㹡ó :- 
   ÷Ѵáͧ˹ҹ˹[ҧ] Ѵҹ˹[ҧ] ش ԡ¹  Ẻ

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