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Atthakatha Book 4 : PALI ROMAN Dī.A. (sumaṅgala.1)

                            10. Subhasutta
                         subhamāṇavavatthuvaṇṇanā
      [444] Evamme sutaṃ .pe. Sāvatthiyanti subhasuttaṃ. Tatrāyaṃ
anuttānapadavaṇṇanā:- aciraparinibbute bhagavatīti aciraṃ parinibbute bhagavati,
parinibbānato uddhaṃ māsamatte kāle. Nidānavaṇṇanāyaṃ vuttanayeneva bhagavato
pattacīvaraṃ ādāya āgantvā khīravirecanaṃ pivitvā vihāre nisinnadivasaṃ sandhāyetaṃ
vuttaṃ. Todeyyaputtoti todeyyabrāhmaṇassa putto, so kira sāvatthiyā avidūre
tudigāmo nāma atthi, tassa adhipatittā todeyyoti saṅkhyaṃ gato. Mahaddhano pana
hoti pañcacattālīsakoṭivibhavo paramamaccharī, "dadato bhogānaṃ aparikkhayo nāma
natthī"ti cintetvā kassaci kiñca na deti, puttaṃpi āha:-
              "añjanānaṃ khayaṃ disvā,       vammikānañca sañcayaṃ.
              Madhūnañca samāhāraṃ,          paṇḍito gharamāvase"ti.
      Evaṃ adānameva  sikkhāpetvā kāyassa   bhedā tasmiṃyeva ghare sunakho
hutvā nibbatti. 1- Subho taṃ sunakhaṃ ativiya piyāyati, attano bhuñjanakabhattaṃyeva
bhojeti, ukkhipitvā varasayane sayāpeti. Atha bhagavā ekadivasaṃ nikkhante māṇave
taṃ gharaṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Sunakho bhagavantaṃ disvā bhukkāraṃ karonto bhagavato
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. nibbatto
Samīpaṃ gato. Tato naṃ bhagavā avoca "todeyya tvaṃ pubbepi maṃ `bho bho'ti
paribhavitvā sunakho jāto, idānipi bhukkāraṃ katvā avīciṃ gamissasī"ti. Sunakho taṃ
kathaṃ sutvā vipaṭisārī hutvā uddhanantare chārikāya nipanno, manussānaṃ
ukkhipitvā sayane sayāpetuṃ nāsakkhiṃsu.
      Subho āgantvā "kenāyaṃ sunakho sayanā oropito"ti āha. Manussā
"na kenacī"ti vatvā taṃ pavattiṃ ārocesuṃ. Māṇavo sutvā "mama pitā
brahmaloke nibbatto, samaṇo pana gotamo mama pitaraṃ sunakhaṃ karoti, yaṃkiñci
esa mukhāruḷhaṃ bhāsatī"ti  kujjhitvā bhagavantaṃ musāvādena codetukāmo vihāraṃ
gantvā taṃ pavattiṃ pucchi. Bhagavā tassa tatheva vatvā avisaṃvādanatthaṃ āha
"atthi pana te māṇava pitarā anakkhātaṃ 1- dhanan"ti. Atthi pana bho gotama
satasahassagghanikā suvaṇṇamālā, satasahassagghanikā suvaṇṇapādukā, satasahassagghanikā
suvaṇṇapāti, satasahassañca  kahāpaṇanti. Gaccha, taṃ sunakhaṃ appodakaṃ madhupāyāsaṃ
bhojetvā sayane 2- āropetvā īsakaṃ niddaṃ okkantakāle puccha, sabbante
ācikkhissati, atha naṃ jāneyyāsi "pitā me eso"ti. So tathā akāsi. Sunakho
sabbaṃ ācikkhi, 3- tadā naṃ "pitā me"ti ñatvā bhagavati pasannacitto gantvā
bhagavantaṃ cuddasa pañhe pucchitvā vissajjanapariyosāne bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gato, taṃ
sandhāya vuttaṃ "subho māṇavo   todeyyaputto"ti. Sāvatthiyaṃ paṭivasatīti attano
bhogagāmato āgantvā vasati.
      [445] Aññataraṃ māṇavakaṃ āmantesīti satthari parinibbute
"ānandatthero kirassa pattacīvaraṃ gahetvā āgato, mahājano taṃ dassanatthāya
upasaṅkamatī"ti sutvā "vihāraṃ kho pana gantvā mahājanamajjhe na sakkā sukhena
paṭisanthāraṃ vā katuṃ, dhammakathaṃ vā sotuṃ, gehaṃ āgataṃyeva naṃ disvā sukhena
paṭisanthāraṃ karissāmi, ekā ca me kaṅkhā atthi, taṃpi naṃ pucchissāmī"ti
cintetvā aññataraṃ māṇavakaṃ āmantesi. Appābādhanti ādīsu ābādhoti
visabhāgavedanā vuccati, yā ekadese uppajjitvā cattāro iriyāpathe  ayapaṭena
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. na akkhātaṃ       2 cha.Ma. sayanaṃ       3 Sī. dassesi
Ābandhitvā viya gaṇhāti, tassā abhāvaṃ pucchāti vadati. Appātaṅkoti
kicchajīvitakaro rogo vuccati, tassāpi abhāvaṃ pucchāti vadati. Gilānasseva ca
uṭṭhānaṃ nāma garukaṃ hoti, kāye balaṃ na hoti, tasmā niggelaññabhāvañca balañca
pucchāti vadati. Phāsuvihāranti gamanaṭṭhānanisajjasayanesu catūsu iriyāpathesu sukhavihāraṃ
pucchāti vadati. Athassa pucchitabbākāraṃ dassento "subho"ti ādimāha.
      [447] Kālañca samayañca upādāyāti kālañca samayañca paññāya
gahetvā, upadhāretvāti attho. Sace amhākaṃ sve gamanakālo bhavissati, kāye
balamattā ceva pharissati, gamanapaccayā ca añño aphāsuvihāro na bhavissati,
athetaṃ kālañca gamanakāraṇasamavāyasaṅkhātaṃ samayañca upadhāretvā apievanāma sve
āgaccheyyāmāti vuttaṃ hoti.
      [448] Cetakena bhikkhunāti cetiyaraṭṭhe 1- jātattā cetakoti evaṃ
laddhanāmena. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyanti bho ānanda dasabalassa ko nāma
rogo 2- ahosi, kiṃ bhagavā paribhuñji. Apica satthu parinibbānena tumhākaṃ soko
udapādi, satthā nāma na kevalaṃ tumhākaṃyeva parinibbuto, sadevakassa lokassa
mahājāni, kodāni añño maraṇā muccissati. Yatra so sadevakassa lokassa
aggapuggalo parinibbuto, idāni kaṃ aññaṃ disvā maccurājā lajjissatīti
evamādinā nayena maraṇapaṭisaṃyuttaṃ sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā therassa
hiyyo pītabhesajjānurūpaṃ āhāraṃ datvā bhattakiccāvasāne ekamantaṃ nisīdi.
      Upaṭṭhāko santikāvacaroti upaṭṭhāko hutvā santikāvacaro, na
randhagavesī na vīmaṃsanādhippāyo. Samīpacārīti idaṃ purimapadassa vevacanaṃ. Yesaṃ so
bhavaṃ gotamoti kasmā pucchati? tassa  kira evaṃ ahosi  "yesu dhammesu bhavaṃ
gotamo imaṃ lokaṃ patiṭṭhapesi, 3- te tassa accayena naṭṭhā nu kho, dharanti nu
kho, sace dharanti, ānando jānissati, handa naṃ pucchāmī"ti tasmā pucchati. 4-
      [449] Athassa thero tīṇi piṭakāni tīhi khandhehi saṅgahetvā
dassento "tiṇṇaṃ kho"ti ādimāha. Māṇavo saṅkhittena kathitaṃ asallakkhento
"vitthārato pucchissāmī"ti cintetvā "katamesaṃ tiṇṇan"ti ādimāha. 5-
@Footnote: 1 Ma. cetiraṭṭhe  2 cha.Ma. ābādho  3 cha.Ma. patiṭṭhāpesi  4 cha.Ma. pucchi  5 cha.Ma. āha
                           Sīlakkhandhavaṇṇanā
      [450-453] Tato therena "ariyassa sīlakkhandhassā"ti tesu
dassitesu puna "katamo pana so bho ānanda ariyo sīlakkhandho"ti ekekaṃ
pucchi. Theropissa buddhuppādaṃ dassetvā tantidhammaṃ dassento 1- anukkamena
bhagavatā vuttanayeneva sabbaṃ vissajjesi. Tattha atthi cevettha uttariṃ karaṇīyanti
ettha bhagavato sāsane na sīlameva sāro, kevalañcetaṃ patiṭṭhāmattameva hoti.
Ito uttariṃ pana aññaṃpi kattabbaṃ atthiyevāti dasseti. Ito bahiddhāti
buddhasāsanato bahiddhā.
                          Samādhikkhandhavaṇṇanā
      [454] Kathañca māṇava bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hotīti
idamāyasmā ānando "katamo pana so bho ānanda ariyo samādhikkhandho"ti
evaṃ samādhikkhandhaṃ puṭṭhopi ye te "sīlasampanno indriyesu guttadvāro
satisampajaññena samannāgato santuṭṭho"ti evaṃ sīlānantaraṃ indriyasaṃvarādayo
sīlasamādhīnaṃ antare ubhinnaṃpi upakārakadhammā uddiṭṭhā, te niddisitvā 2-
samādhikkhandhaṃ dassetukāmo ārabhi. Ettha ca rūpajjhānāneva āgatāni, na
arūpajjhānāni, ānetvā pana dīpetabbāni. Catutthajṇānena hi asaṅgahitā
arūpasamāpatti nāma natthiyeva.
      [471-480] Atthi cevettha uttari karaṇīyanti ettha bhagavato
sāsane na cittekaggatāmattakeneva pariyosānappatti nāma atthi, itopi uttari
puna aññaṃ kātabbaṃ atthiyevāti dasseti. Natthi cevettha uttarikaraṇīyanti ettha
bhagavato sāsane ito uttari kātabbaṃ nāma natthiyeva, arahattapariyosānaṃ hi
bhagavato sāsananti dasseti. Sesaṃ sabbattha uttānatthamevāti.
                  Iti sumaṅgalavilāsiniyā dīghanikāyaṭṭhakathāya
                        subhasuttavaṇṇanā niṭṭhitā.
                              Dasamaṃ.
                       ------------------
@Footnote: 1 cha.Ma. desento          2 Ma. uddisitvā



             The Pali Atthakatha in Roman Book 4 page 318-321. http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_rm.php?B=4&A=8332              อรรถกถาบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/atthapali/read_th.php?B=4&A=8332              อ่านอรรถกถาแปลไทย :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/attha/attha.php?b=9&i=314              เนื้อความพระไตรปิฎกฉบับหลวง :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/r.php?B=9&A=6777              พระไตรปิฎกฉบับบาลีอักษรไทย :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/pali_read.php?B=9&A=4965              The Pali Tipitaka in Roman Character :- http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/roman_read.php?B=9&A=4965              Contents of The Tipitaka Volume 9 http://www.84000.org/tipitaka/read/?index_9

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